- GBIF Backbone Taxonomy
- Published in
- Barrio-Amorós, César Luis, Santos, Juan Carlos (2012): A phylogeny for Aromobates (Anura: Dendrobatidae) with description of three new species from the Andes of Venezuela, taxonomic comments on Aromobates saltuensis, A. inflexus, and notes on the conservation status of the genus. Zootaxa 3422: 1-31, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.210130
- Aromobates zippeli
Etymology. Zippeli is a patronym for Kevin C. Zippel, due to his passion and endless work in spreading the alarming message of the global decline of frogs, through the Amphibian Ark (Amphibian Ark: http: // www. amphibianark. org /).
Holotype. CVULA 8329, an adult male from the immediate surroundings of Mucuchíes, Estado Mérida, Venezuela, 8.75 N, 70.8833 W, elevation 2970 m, collected by Willians Abreu on December 28 th, 2004. Paratopotypes. Four adult males, CVULA 8331 - 33, 8336, and seven adult females, CVULA 8330, 8334 - 35, 8337 - 40, all with the same data as the holotype. One subadult female, CVULA 8341, and a juvenile, CVULA 8342, collected by W. Abreu on April 28 th, 2010, at the type locality. Tadpoles. Unknown. Definition: We assigned this species to Aromobates based on the following characters. (1) Skin on dorsum smooth to shagreen. (2) Paired dorsal scutes present on digits. (3) Distal tubercle on FIV present. (4) FIV length surpasses half distal subarticular tubercle of FIII. (5) FI slightly longer than II. (6) Digital discs present. (7) Finger discs barely expanded. (8) Finger fringes present. (9) Metacarpal ridge absent. (10) FIII not swollen in adult males. (11) Carpal pad absent. (12) Male excrescences on thumb absent. (13) Thenar tubercle present, small. (14) Black arm gland in adult males absent. (15) Tarsal keel indistinct. (16) Toe discs weakly expanded. (17) Toe webbing formula II 1 ½ - 3 III 2 ½ - 3 IV. (18) Metatarsal fold absent. (19) External coloration with pale dorsolateral stripes; ventrolateral stripe absent; oblique lateral stripe formed by a series of diffuse bluish white spots. (20) Gular-chest markings absent, evenly stippled. (21) Dermal collar absent. (22) Male throat coloration dirty white to grey with profusion of melanophores, evenly stippled; female throat coloration white with scattered melanophores. (23) Male abdomen color white with scattered melanophores and indistinct bluish white small spots. (24) Female abdomen color pattern white with few scattered melanophores. (25) Iris coloration bronze with fine black reticulation, pale golden pupil ring. (26) Large intestine unpigmented. (27) White testes. (28) Median lingual process absent. (29) Tympanum indistinct, tympanic annulus absent. (30) Vocal sac distinct. (31) Teeth present on the maxillary arch. (32) Body size small, males (n = 5) 19.0 – 21.5 mm, mean = 20.6 ± 1.0; females (n = 7) 20.0 – 25.0 mm, mean = 23.5 ± 1.6. Comparisons. Aromobates zippeli (characters in parenthesis) differs by its smaller size from large species of the genus, such as A. alboguttatus, A. leopardalis, A. meridensis, A. nocturnus, and A. capurinensis, all with maximum SVL> 31 mm (up to 25.5 mm). However, it is worthy to compare A. zippeli with A. alboguttatus and A. leopardalis, both larger species but very close geographically; A. zippeli could occur sympatrically with A. leopardalis. Aromobates alboguttatus is a larger species, up to 31.5 mm (females up to 25 mm), with a low but distinct tarsal keel (indistinct to absent), fringes on fingers evident (absent to low), basal webbing (I-II 1 ½ - 3 III 2 ½ - 3 IV-V), and this species has reticulated throat (evenly stippled). Aromobates leopardalis is much larger, females reaching 35.3 mm (25 mm), with no dorsolateral stripes, and not defined oblique lateral stripe (both present and distinct), extensive flap-like fringes on toes (present but not extensive), and FI shorter than FII (FI longer than FII). Nine other species of Aromobates (A. cannatellai sp. nov., A. duranti, A. ericksonae sp. nov., A. haydeeae, A. mayorgai, A. molinarii, A. orostoma, A. saltuensis, and A. serranus) are similar in size to Aromobates zippeli. Aromobates cannatellai is somewhat larger, with females up to 28.6 mm (25.0), finger discs moderately expanded (barely expanded), toe discs moderately expanded (weakly expanded), this species has a distinct tarsal keel (indistinct to absent) and dorsal surfaces lack small white spots (present). Aromobates duranti is a little larger frog, up to 30.7 mm (up to 25.0 mm), this species has its venter grey with conspicuous white dots (grey to white), tarsal keel short but distinct (indistinct to absent). Aromobates ericksonae has a thick tarsal keel (indistinct to absent), toe webbing basal (moderately webbed I-II 1 ½ - 3 III 2 ½ - 3 IV-V), and this species surfaces are never covered by small white spots (present). Aromobates haydeeae has no fringes on fingers (present), dorsal color reddish copper without white spots (dark to light brown with white spots), and ventral parts orange (dirty yellow). Aromobates mayorgai has dorsal skin smooth with a few tubercles posteriorly (smooth to shagreen without tubercles), FI shorter than FII or equal (FI longer than FII), oblique lateral stripe absent (formed by small whitish spots), and tarsal keel prominent (indistinct to absent). Aromobates molinarii is a larger frog, females up to 30.3 mm (up to 25.0 mm), it has FI and II equal in length (FI longer than FII), fringes absent on fingers (present), disc on FIII twice as wide as the adjacent phalanx (1.3 wider), and oblique lateral stripe absent (formed by small whitish spots). Aromobates orostoma has a distinct tympanum (indistinct), FI shorter than FII (FI longer than FII), and no fringes on fingers (present). Aromobates saltuensis has no fringes on fingers (evident), tarsal keel well-defined (indistinct to absent), and a short anal sheath (absent). Aromobates serranus has a distinct tympanum (indistinct), FI shorter than FII (FI longer than FII), tarsal keel present (indistinct to absent), dorsum reticulated (spotted but not reticulated), and belly parts creamy white with brown reticulation (yellow to white, no reticulation).
- Aromobates zippeli