Cambalida flavipes (Gravely, 1931)
- GBIF Backbone Taxonomy
- Cambalida flavipes
Cambalida flavipes Gravely 1931
Cambalida flavipes ( Gravely, 1931 ) comb. nov.
Castaneira flavipes Gravely, 1931 : 275 , figs 20 D –E (Generic name misspelled; description and illustration of ♂ and ♀ [ Type (whether ♂ or ♀ is unspecified) from INDIA : Odisha (formerly Orissa): Ganjam: Chilka Lake: Barkuda Island; F.H. Gravely leg.; repository ZSI—NOT EXAMINED]).
Castianeira flavipes Tikader, 1981 : 260 , figs 5–8 (Generic name corrected; redescription and illustration of ♂ and ♀); Majumder & Tikader, 1991 : 135 , figs 276–281 (Redescription and illustration of ♂ and ♀).
Justification for the transfer. Gravely ( 1931 ) described this species based on male and female specimens. Later this species was redescribed by Tikader ( 1981 ) and Majumder & Tikader ( 1991 ) . The original drawings and descriptive characters given by Gravely ( 1931 : fig. 20 D) , Tikader ( 1981 : figs 5, 7– 8 ) and Majumder & Tikader ( 1991 : figs 276, 278–279, 281 ) indicate that this species shares the characteristic features of Cambalida rather than Castianeira : broader carapace; prosoma, opisthosoma, legs brownish with some yellow bands; posterior eye row slightly larger than anterior; small dorsal opisthosomal scutum; palp without apophysis, with compressed, coiled embolus; vulva with spermatheca I (globular) and II (reniform) and copulatory ducts with median curving. Judging from this, it is clear that Gravely and the subsequent researchers misplaced this species within the genus Castianeira . Here we transfer this species from Castianeira to Cambalida .
Distribution. Southern and eastern India ( Fig. 7 ).
FIGURE 6A –E.Cambalida tumasp. n. A Male left pedipalp, ventral view; B same, retrolateral view; C Embolus enlarged with prominent apico-retrolateral bulging of tegulum (arrow), ventral view; D Epigyne, ventral view; E Vulva, dorsal view. Abbreviations: CD copulatory duct, CO copulatory opening, E embolus, ER epigynal ridge, FD fertilization duct, SD sperm duct, ST spermatheca. Scale bars: A –B: 0.1 mm; C: 0.02 mm; D: 0.05 mm; E: 0.07 mm.
Remark. The two Cambalida species described here have distal femoral constrictions on legs III and IV in both sexes ( Figs 1 K , 4 K ). This character is seen in many Australian Castianeirines ( Raven 2015 ), but was not reported in recent revision of Cambalida ( Haddad 2012 ) . It is, however, also found in all species of African Cambalida (Haddad, pers. comm.).
- Gravely, F. H. (1931) Some Indian spiders of the families Ctenidae, Sparassidae, Selenopidae and Clubionidae: Records of the Indian Museum, Calcutta 33: 211-282