University of Amsterdam (NL) - Páramo vegetation research, Santa Marta and Perijá, Colombia
CitationCleef A M, Reyes P (2019). University of Amsterdam (NL) - Páramo vegetation research, Santa Marta and Perijá, Colombia. Version 6.5. University of Amsterdam / IBED. Occurrence dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/xd4lzx accessed via GBIF.org on 2019-10-18.
DescriptionThe Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED) from University of Amsterdam (UvA) has been working on the Paramos of Colombia since 1970, collecting information on different aspects of plant ecology. The Santa Marta and Perijá paramo complex dataset is generated from five sources. 1. A study on the vegetation of tropical ecosystems, in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, particularly in the sector Buritaca - La Cumbre, by A. Cleef and O. Rangel in 1984 (in van der Hammen and Ruiz, 1984). 2. A study on Andean Paramo’s ecology by H. Sturm and O. Rangel done in 1985. 3. Field data from professor Antoine Cleef derived from the ECOANDES project) in 1984 4. A study about the paramo vegetation in the north of Colombia (Sierra nevada de Santa Marta and Serrania Perija) by J.H. Pinto-Zarate and O. Rangel-Ch in 2010. 5. A study about the high mountain vegetation of Perija, done by O. Rangel-Ch and H. Arrellano-P in 2007. All studies provide information on the occurrence and location of 1506 plant species from the Paramo in this area sampled in 91 releves.
For the purpose of the GBIF data-publishing, vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.
PurposePurpose 1: Data in TurboVeg Purpose 2: data converted to species occurrence. Data repatriation to Colombia to be used in actual research.
Study ExtentIn the SNSM the sampling sites on the north side included the Cerro Buritaca, Cuchilla Guine, Cuchilla La Cimarrona, La Cumbre. And on the south side San Sebatian de Rabago, Duriameina, Balcon de Bellavista and La Perdida lagoon. The floristic and structural characterization of the vegetation in the high mountians (paramo) of the Serrania de Perija included the localities of Cerro Pintao, El Avion-Casa de Vidrio, San Jose de Oriente, Sabana Rubia, Cerro Tres Tetas, Cuchilla Yipumo.
SamplingThe vegetation sampling was done by the relevé method following the Braun-Blanquet principles. The relevé is a list of the plants in a delimited plot of vegetation, with information on species cover and on substrate and other abiotic features in the plot to make as complete as possible description in terms of community composition. Different releves were done at different altitudes in the Paramo.
The community vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.
Quality ControlThe data stored in TurboVeg was checked to identify errors in the information or gaps needed to be filled. The two main fields identified to be completed were the georeference data (including precision) and the validation of the taxonomy of each species. The georeference information still needs to be completed.
- Releve data was stored in the software TurboVeg and then exported into species occurrence data. The species list used in TurboVeg was checked by an expert to confirm the valid taxonomy (taking into account taxonomy changes, synonyms, etc)(Guido van Reenen, paramo species list). This list was cross-checked with The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org/), for the period July 2011 until February 2013 (during this time frame the names where the accepted). All the records are still lacking a georeference with its precision estimation. Also the specific habitat indication needs to be done. But there is a good indication of the locality in the remarks section of the data.
All plants identified to species level. Vegetation including phanerogams, bryophytes and lichens.
Plantaecommon name: Phanerogams rank: kingdom
Plantaecommon name: Bryophytes rank: kingdom
Fungicommon name: Lichens rank: kingdom
Santa Marta is a mountain range located in the north of Colombia (Magdalena province), which is isolated from the rest of the Andes. It is the highest seaboard mountain system of the world, and reaches 5775 meters above sea level and the distance from the Caribbean sea is only 42 km. The surface covers 17000 km2. The Perijá massif goes along the limit between Colombia and Venezuela (Norte de Santander, Cesar, and Guajira provinces). It covers a surface of 2952 km2, with a extension of 310km. The highest point is found at 3750 meters above sea level. The páramo and forest vegetation similarities with Santa Marta suggest a past corridor and biological flux between both mountain ranges.
- Sturm H., O. Rangel. 1985. Ecologia de los Paramos Andinos: una visión preliminar integrada. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales - Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogota. 292p. - n/a
- Pinto-Zarate J. H. and O. Rangel-Ch. 2010. la vegetacion de los paramos del norte de Colombia (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Serrania del Perija).(289-442p)in: Rangel-Ch, O. 2010 (ed). Colombia Diversidad Biotica X, Cambio global (natural) y climatico (antropico) en el paramo colombiano. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogota, Colombia. - ISBN 978-958-719-499-9
- Rangel-Ch O. and H. Arrellano-P. 2007. Vegetacion de la alta montana de Perija. (173-192p). In: Rangel-Ch, O. 2007 (ed). Colombia Diversidad Biotica V, La Alta Montana de la Serrania de Perija. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales. 492p. - ISBN 978-958-44-1850-0
ContactsAntoine M. Cleef
University of Amsterdam
Science Park 904
position: Research Assistent
NLBIF, IBED, University of Amsterdam
Science Park 904
position: Node Manager
PO Box 9517
Antoine M. Cleef
administrative point of contact
University of Amsterdam
Science Park 904