University of Amsterdam (NL) - Páramo Vegetation Research, Paramos "Guantiva -La Rusia", Colombia
CitationCleef A M, Reyes S P (2017). University of Amsterdam (NL) - Páramo Vegetation Research, Paramos “Guantiva -La Rusia”, Colombia. Version 12.4. University of Amsterdam / IBED. Occurrence dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/gvuekw accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-12-16.
DescriptionThe Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED) from University of Amsterdam (UvA) has been working on the Paramos of Colombia since 1970, collecting information on different aspects of plant ecology. The dataset Paramos “Guantiva -La Rusia” is generated from the field data from professor Antoine Cleef (collected in one field campaign in 1973), as part of his PhD thesis (finished in 1981). The study provides information on the occurrence and location of 75 plant species from the Paramo in this area. For the purpose of the GBIF data-publishing, vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.
PurposePurpose 1: Data in TurboVeg Purpose 2: data converted to species occurrence. Data repatriation to Colombia to be used in actual research.
Study ExtentThe study was done in The “Guantiva - La Rusia” páramo complex. The data was collected in May 1973.
SamplingThe vegetation sampling was done by the relevé method following the Braun-Blanquet principles. The relevé is a list of the plants in a delimited plot of vegetation, with information on species cover and on substrate and other abiotic features in the plot. The vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.
Quality ControlThe original data was taken in field books, consisting either of a valid species name or a code of the specimen with collection of it for its later taxonomical identification (when identification on the field was not possible). In total 6 releves were produced consisting of a species list with its cover, date, location, altitude, slope, etc. The data remained in paper until 2011, when the NLBIF financed digitizing the data. The data was digitized using the software TurboVeg, which is a software design for this type of vegetation information and then exported from community data into species occurrence data. The data stored in TurboVeg was checked to identify errors in the information or gaps needed to be filled. The two main fields identified to be checked/completed were the georeference data and the validation of the taxonomy of each species. Also the gaps in terms of the precision of the georeference data were filled.
- Releve data was stored in the software TurboVeg and then exported into species occurrence data. The species list used in TurboVeg was checked by an expert to confirm the valid taxonomy (taking into account taxonomy changes, synonyms, etc). (Guido van Reenen, paramo species list). This list was cross-checked with The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org/), for the period July 2011 until February 2013 (during this time frame the names where the accepted). All the “Guantiva - La Rusia” data was lacking a georeference and specific habitat indication. In 2013 to improve de dataset quality, this data was completed as detail and precise as possible, but due to time restriction only a general georeference was given to the data and a general indication for the habitat type was given. The georeference data assigned to the data set was based in google maps, where the paramos NW from Belen, the lagoon Laguna Grande, the locality known as vereda San Jose de la Montana and the pan de Azucar peak where taked into account to stablish a central point as a georeference and to estimate the precision (calculated as the longest distance from this point to the complex borders). Also the altitude range for the dataset was considered when the georeference was given. The original data was checked (data in paper) trying to find extra information on the locality and the listed point where founded. Also to complete the geographic coverage and the study extend recent literature was used to get info about the paramo complex. The most recent document available for Colombia is the “Atlas de Paramos de Colombia” published in 2007 and available online at http://www.humboldt.org.co/chmcolombia/servicios/jsp/paramos/enColombia.jsp
All plants identified to species level. Vegetation including phanerogams, bryophytes and lichens.
Plantaecommon name: Phanerogams rank: kingdom
Plantaecommon name: Bryophytes rank: kingdom
Fungicommon name: Lichens rank: kingdom
The “Guantiva-La Rusia” paramo complex is located in the provinces of Santander and Boyaca, in the western side of the Eastern cordillera of Colombia. The “Guantiva-La Rusia” paramo ecosystems is located mainly in the municipalities of Encino, Onzaga y Coromoro in Santander. But also in municipalities of Boyaca such as Paipa, Duitama and Beteitiva and in the highest mountains of Encinos, Belen and Susacón. The alitudinal range of this paramo complex varies from 3100m a.s.l. up to 4280m a.s.l. and the dataset covers a range between 3100 m.a.s.l. until 4220m a.s.l.
- Cleef. A.M. 1981. The vegetation of the paramos of the Colombian Cordillera Oriental. PhD Thesis. State University of Utrecht. 320pp. Also published as Dissertationes Botanicae, Baud 61, J. Cramer, Vadyz and "The Cuaternary of Colombia", Vol.9. -
- Morales M., Otero J., Van der Hammen T., Torres A., Cadena C., Pedraza C., Rodríguez N., Franco C., Betancourth J.C., Olaya E., Posada E. y Cárdenas L. 2007. Atlas de páramos de Colombia. Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. Bogotá, D. C. 208 p. - ISBN 958-8151-91-5
ContactsAntoine M. Cleef
University of Amsterdam
Science Park 904
S. Paola Reyes
position: Research Assistent
NLBIF, IBED, University of Amsterdam
Science Park 904
Henk de Vries
position: Node Manager
P.O. Box 9517
Antoine M. Cleef
administrative point of contact
University of Amsterdam
Science Park 904