University of Amsterdam (NL) - Páramo Vegetation Research, Chingaza - Cruz Verde - Monserrate -Guasca, Colombia
CitationCleef A M, Reyes S P (2022). University of Amsterdam (NL) - Páramo Vegetation Research, Chingaza - Cruz Verde - Monserrate -Guasca, Colombia. Version 7.6. University of Amsterdam / IBED. Occurrence dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/vvocl6 accessed via GBIF.org on 2023-06-09.
DescriptionThe Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED) from University of Amsterdam (UvA) has been working on the Paramos of Colombia since 1970, collecting information on different aspects of plant ecology. Chingaza, Cruz Verde, Monserrate and Guasca dataset is generated from six sources. 1. A study about the vegetation of the Natural National Park Chingaza by Rangel-Ch y Ariza published in 2000. 2. A vegetation mapping study done also in the Natural National Park Chingaza by Dierrikx and Kaandorp done in 1986. 3. A study on Andean Paramo's ecology by H. Sturm and O. Rangel done in 1985. 4. A study on the phytosociological analysis of paramo vegetation by R. Sanchez and O. Rangel in 1990. 5. A study of limit vegetation ecology done by M.L. Becking and J.J. Smeets in 1989 part of the ECOANDES project. 6. A study on the description of paramo vegetation communities by O. Vargas and D. Rivera in 1991. All studies provide information on the occurrence and location of 13949 plant species from the Paramo in this area collected in 631 releves. For the purpose of the GBIF data-publishing, vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.
PurposePurpose 1: Data in TurboVeg Purpose 2: data converted to species occurrence. Data repatriation to Colombia to be used in actual research.
Study ExtentThe paramo complex Chingaza - Cruz Verde - Monserrate - Guasca is located in the center of Colombia on the eastern cordillera, close to Bogota. It includes the provinces of Cundinamarca, Meta and a small part of Boyacá. The study in the PNN Chingaza, include the surrounding areas of the Chingaza lagoon, Chuza reservoir, headwater of Chuza river, Palacio Paramo, La Playa and Guatiquia rivers. In Cruz Verde paramo the localities include peat bogs located close to the road between Bogota-Choachi and to the Verjon lagoon. And in Guasca close to edge of the Peña Negra mountain close to the road between Guasca-Macheta. The altitudinal range of the dataset varies from 2290m.a.s.l. up to 3800m.a.s.l. The data was collected in different projects and dates between 1976 and 1989.
SamplingThe vegetation sampling was done by the relevé method following the Braun-Blanquet principles. The relevé is a list of the plants in a delimited plot of vegetation, with information on species cover and on substrate and other abiotic features in the plot to make as complete as possible description in terms of community composition. Different releves were done at different altitudes in the Paramo.
The community vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.
Quality ControlThe data stored in TurboVeg was checked to identify errors in the information or gaps needed to be filled. The two main fields identified to be checked/completed were the georeference data and the validation of the taxonomy of each species. Also the gaps in terms of the precision of the georeference data were filled.
- Releve data was stored in the software TurboVeg and then exported into species occurrence data. The species list used in TurboVeg was checked by an expert to confirm the valid taxonomy (taking into account taxonomy changes, synonyms, etc)(Guido van Reenen, paramo species list). This list was cross-checked with The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org/), for the period July 2011 until February 2013 (during this time frame the names where the accepted). Many of the data was lacking a georeference, precision of the georeference data and specific habitat indication. In 2012 to improve the dataset quality, it was completed as detail and precise as possible using several online resources, consultation with experts and revision of the original data. The georeference data was completed mainly with the use of Google Maps, in collaboration with A. Cleef and checking the original field notes and the publications.
All plants identified to species level. Vegetation including phanerogams, bryophytes and lichens.
Plantaecommon name: Phanerogams rank: kingdom
Plantaecommon name: Bryophytes rank: kingdom
Fungicommon name: Lichens rank: kingdom
The paramo complex Chingaza - Cruz Verde - Monserrate - Guasca is located in the center of Colombia on the eastern cordillera, close to Bogota. It includes the provinces of Cundinamarca, Meta and a small part of Boyacá. The PNN Chingaza located in the provinces of Cundinamarca and Meta, and the paramos located in the park belongs to 19 municipalities but the biggest area is concentrated in the municipalities of Fómeque, Guasca, Junín, San Juanito, La Calera, Guatavita and El Calvario. The park has an extension of about 64,500ha and the altitudinal range varies from 3,150m.a.s.l. up to 3,980m.a.s.l. The paramos of Cruz Verde is located east of Bogotá with an altitudinal range between 3300 and 3700m.a.s.l. It belongs to the municipalities of Distrito Capital (Bogota), Chipaque, Ubaque, Choachí and La Calera, all located in the province of Cundinarmarca. The Monserrate paramo is located in the center of Bogota and rises up to 3152 m.a.s.l. The paramo of Guasca is located in Cundinamarca and the altitude varies from 2600m.a.s.l up to 3300m.a.s.l.
- Dierikx, L. and M. Kaandorp. 1986. Vegetation mapping in the Paramo of Chingaza (Cundinamarca, Colombia). Internal report of the Hugo de Vries Laboratory, No. 205. University of Amsterdam. The Netherlands. - n/a
- Sturm H., O. Rangel. 1985. Ecologia de los Paramos Andinos: una visión preliminar integrada. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales - Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogota. 292p. - n/a
- Sanchez-M., R. and O. Rangel-Ch. 1990. Estudios ecologicos en la cordillera oriental colombiana V. Analisis fitosociológico de la vegetación de los depositos turbosos paramunos de los alrededores de Bogotá. Caldasia 16 (77): 155-192. - n/a
- Becking, M.L. and J.J.H.R. Smeets. 1988. A compartive study of forest limit vegetation ecology in a relatively dry climate (NEUSA) and in a relatively wet climate (CHINGAZA) in the Cordillera Oriental, Colombia. ECOANDES report - n/a
- Vargas, O. and D. Rivera. 1991. Comunidades vegetales del Parque Nacional Natural Chingaza: Sector I rio La Playa - rio Guatiquía, (resultados preliminares). Cuadernos Divulgativos No. 23. Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Javeriana. Bogota, Colombia. 74p. - ISSN 0121-3253
ContactsAntoine M. Cleef
University of Amsterdam
Science Park 904
S. Paola Reyes
position: Research Assistent
NLBIF, IBED, University of Amsterdam
Science Park 904
PO Box 9517
position: Data manager
PO Box 9517
Antoine M. Cleef
administrative point of contact
University of Amsterdam
Science Park 904