University of Amsterdam (NL) - Páramo vegetation research, Western Andean Cordillera
CitationCleef A M, Reyes P (2019). University of Amsterdam (NL) - Páramo vegetation research, Western Andean Cordillera. Version 7.4. University of Amsterdam / IBED. Occurrence dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/i33313 accessed via GBIF.org on 2019-10-20.
DescriptionThe Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED) from University of Amsterdam (UvA) has been working on the Paramos of Colombia since 1970, collecting information on different aspects of plant ecology. The Western Cordillera dataset is generated from 5 sources: 1. A study about the paramo vegetation in the Nariño volcanoes, Orlando Rangel-Ch and Clara Ariza published in 2000. 2. A study by Helmut Sturm and Orlando Rangel in 1985 about the ecology of andean paramos, in the volcanoes of Cumbal and Chiles. 3 and 4. The field data from professor Antoine Cleef (1984) with Sonia Salamanca under the ECOANDES project (Tatama transect), collected in the upper part of Tatama massif. Also data collected (in 1983) under the same project by T. van der Hammen, O. Rangel and A. Cleef and published in a study of the paramo vegetation of the Tatama massif in 2005. 5. A study about sinecology, diversity and conservation of Andean vegetation in Argelia, Cauca published in 1995 by M.L. Becking. All studies provide information on the occurrence and location of 2983 plant species from the Paramo in this area collected in 139 releves. For the purpose of the GBIF data-publishing, vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.
PurposePurpose 1: Data in TurboVeg Purpose 2: data converted to species occurrence. Data repatriation to Colombia to be used in actual research.
Study ExtentThe study was done in the paramo of the volcanoes of Cumbal, Chiles, Azufral and Galeras. For the Tatama area, it includes the paramo located on the upper part of the Tatama massif (4100m) which is placed in the central part of the western cordillera. It includes the Tatama Cerro, El Encanato, Las Brisas, Las Mirlas, Don Pepe, Valle de los Lagos, Pantano rojo and San Francisco. The area is part of the National Natural Park Tatamá. The vegetation study in the Cauca province, had a focus in the Cerro Plateado in the municipality of Argelia. Particularly in the high watershed of the San Juan de Micay river which is Plateado river. The sampling campaigns for studies were done between 1977 and 1992.
SamplingThe vegetation sampling was done by the relevé method following the Braun-Blanquet principles. The relevé is a list of the plants in a delimited plot of vegetation, with information on species cover and on substrate and other abiotic features in the plot to make as complete as possible description in terms of community composition. Different releves were done at different altitudes in the Paramo.
The community vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.
Quality ControlThe data stored in TurboVeg was checked to identify errors in the information or gaps needed to be filled. The two main fields identified to be checked/completed were the georeference data (including precision) and the validation of the taxonomy of each species. The georeference information still needs to be completed.
- Releve data was stored in the software TurboVeg and then exported into species occurrence data. The species list used in TurboVeg was checked by an expert to confirm the valid taxonomy (taking into account taxonomy changes, synonyms, etc)(Guido van Reenen, paramo species list). This list was cross-checked with The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org/), for the period July 2011 until February 2013 (during this time frame the names where the accepted). A big part of the records are still lacking a georeference with its precision estimation. Also the specific habitat indication needs to be done.
All plants identified to species level. Vegetation including phanerogams, bryophytes and lichens.
Plantaecommon name: Phanerogams rank: kingdom
Plantaecommon name: Bryophytes rank: kingdom
Fungicommon name: Lichens rank: kingdom
The western cordillera starts at Nudo de los Pastos (Nariño) and it goes along the Pacific coast and ends up splitting at three small mountains called from west to east Abibe, San Jerónimo, and Ayapel (Antioquia). It is the shortest cordillera and the second in extension with 1095 km, the surface covers 76000 km2. The highest point is found in the south of the mountain range at Cumbal Volcano that reaches 4764 meters above sea level. At west, it delimits with the Pacific plain and at east with the valley of Cauca River. The data was collected in the municipalities of Nariño, Cauca, Risaralda and Choco. the It includes the Tatama-Frontino complex as well as the volcanos of Chiles, Cumbal and Galeras. The altitudinal range of the data varies from 2860 m.a.s.l. up to 4100 m.a.s.l.
- Sturm H., O. Rangel. 1985. Ecologia de los Paramos Andinos: una visión preliminar integrada. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales - Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogota. 292p. - n/a
- Becking, M.L. 1995. Sinecologia, diversidad y conservacion de la vegetacion altoandina en el sur de la Cordillera Occidental, Argelia, Cauca. Informe Final. Fondo FEN-Colombia - Proyecto Biopacifico. Popayan, Colombia. 57p. - n/a
- Cleef, A., Rangel, O. Salamanca, S., Ariza, C and G. van Reenen. 2005. La vegetacion del paramo del Macizo de Tatamá, Cordillera Occidental, Colombia. In: La Cordillera Occidental Colombiana, transecto Tatama. Studies on Tropical Andean Ecosystems, Vol. 6. van der Hammen, Rangel O and A. Cleef (eds). J. Cramer. Berlin. 972p. - ISBN 3-443-50028-5
ContactsAntoine M. Cleef
University of Amsterdam
Science park 904
position: Research Assistent
NLBIF, IBED, University of Amsterdam
Science Park 904
position: Node Manager
PO Box 9517
Antoine M. Cleef
administrative point of contact
University of Amsterdam
Science park 904