Not only a terrestrial biodiversity hotspot, the biogeographical region of Sundaland is also a global hotspot for freshwater diversity. Large-scale agricultural conversion of rainforests, however, poses a major threat to freshwater fishes and the ecosystems they help support.
By assessing functional richness, redundancy and vulnerability of Sundaic freshwater fishes, researchers behind this study give insights into the current status of ichtiofaunal diversity and potential impacts on ecosystems caused by species loss.
Compiling knowledge from a wide range of sources—including GBIF—of all occurring fishes across 13 ecoregions, the authors describe functional traits for 893 species. The distribution of trait entities varies from less than 30 per cent in Java to more than 85 per cent in the Malay peninsula.
When modelling loss of extinction-prone species, they show a general pattern of accelerating impacts on functional diversity. With low levels of functional redundancy and thus high vulnerability to impacts of species loss, the Malay Peninsula Eastern Slope is singled out as the most urgent target of conservation efforts.