Clark, A. M. and M. E. Downey. (1992). Starfishes of the Atlantic. Chapman & Hall Identification Guides, 3. Chapman & Hall: London, UK. ISBN 0-412-43280-3. xxvi, 794 pp.
Pawson, D. L. , D. J. Vance, C. G. Messing, F. A. Solis-Marin, and C. L. Mah. 2009. Echinodermata of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1177–1204 in Felder, D. L. and D. K. Camp (eds. ), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College S
The Global Biodiversity Information Facility:
GBIF Backbone Taxonomy, 2013-07-01.
Accessed via http://www.gbif.org/species/5187103 on 2014-11-27
This backbone name usage exists because it was found in another checklist at the time the backbone was built. The primary source name usage has since been removed from the portal.