Baillie, J. and B. Groombridge (eds.) (1996) 1996 IUCN red list of threatened animals.: IUCN, Gland, Switzerland. 378 p.
Carl, H. (2003) Danish fish names.: Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Unpublished.
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Eschmeyer, W. : Catalog of fishes; California Academy of Sciences, department Ichtyology.
Eschmeyer, W.N. (1996) PISCES.: The information in FishBase was derived by comparing FishBase with a preliminary version 2.0 of Eschmeyer's PISCES database, published on the Internet in November 1996, URL:gopher://gopher.calacademy.org:640/7.
FAO-FIES (2014) Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System (ASFIS) species list.: Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/fishery/collection/asfis/en, April 2014.
FishBase, version december 2007
FishBase, version may 2009