Harrison, P. (1985). Seabirds: an identification guide. Revised edition. Christopher Helm Publisher. A & C Black: London, UK. ISBN 0-7136-3510-X. 448 pp.
Johnson,Kevin P.,McKinney,F.,Sorenson,Michael D. (1999) Phylogenetic constraint on male parental care in the dabbling ducks
Thompson,Gordon B. (1935) An ectoparasite census of ducks and geese (Anatidae) in Uganda
Threlfall,W.,Bourgeois,C. E. (1981) Mallophaga from three species of scoters (Anatidae)
Threlfall,W.,Bourgeois,C. E.,Bain,G. A. (1979) Mallophaga from some North American Anatidae
van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376
GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. doi:10.15468/39omei
Accessed via http://www.gbif.org/species/2986 on 2016-06-25
CC BY 3.0
This backbone name usage is included because it was found in another checklist at the time the backbone was built. The primary source name usage (117243850) has since been removed from the portal.
This record was last modified on Apr 13, 2016.