Banks, R. C. , R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of vertebrates of the United States, the U. S. Territories, and Canada. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication No. 166. 79 p.
Field Guide to Birds of North America 1983
Gallardo, J. C. , V. Macías, and E. Velarde. 2009. Birds (Vertebrata: Aves) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1321–1342 in Felder, D. L. and D. K. Camp (eds. ), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station.
Linkletter, L. E. 1977. A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N. B. 68 p.
Peterson, R. T. and V. M. Peterson. 2002. A field guide to the birds of eastern and central North America. Fifth Edition. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Company. New York. 427 p.
Squires, H. J. 1990. Decapod Crustacea of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 221. 532 p.