Lutra lutra (Linnaeus, 1758)

Species in GBIF Backbone Taxonomy


  • 44,483

  • 11

View occurrences


Full Name

Lutra lutra (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common names

  • Eurasian otter eng
  • European Otter eng
  • Otter eng
  • more


Taxonomic status

accepted species


Mustela lutra Linnaeus, 1758

Living period

2.588 to 0.0 Ma


Terrestrial, Marine, Freshwater, Amphibious

Threat status


Georeferenced data

View records

All 42,658 | In viewable area


Text based distributions present in some sources.

Distribution range

Subordinate taxa


Lutra lutra
complete classification


1 / 1

Appears in


Type Specimen


ADRIAN, M.I. & M. DELIBES (1987): Food habits of the otter (Lutra lutra) in two habitats of the Doñana National Park, SW Spain. J. Zool. Lond., 212: 399-406...ADRIAN, M.I. & S. MORENO (1986): Notas sobre la alimentación de la nutria (Lutra lutra) en el Embalse de Matavacas, Huelva. Doñana Acta Verteb. 13...ADRIAN, M.I., W. WILDEN & M. DELIBES (1985): Otter distribution and agriculture in Southwestern Spain. XVIIth IUGB Congress, Bruselas. 519-526...ADRIAN, M..I. & M. CLAVERO (2001): Nutria paleártica, p.242-243, in: Libro Rojo de los Vertebrados Amenazados de Andalucía. Consejería de Medio Ambiente. Junta de Andalucía. 336 pp...ÁLVAREZ, F., F. BRAZA, T. AZCÁRATE, E. AGUILERA & R. MARTÍN (1981): Circadian activity tythmes in a vertebrate community of Doñana National Park, en Actas XV Congr. Int. Fauna Cinegética y Salvaje, Trujillo, págs. 379-387...AMORES, F., J. ORIA, E. ROY & F. TORRENT (1984): Estudio faunístico de la zona del Alto Tajo. Monografía 32, ICONA. Madrid...BEAUFORT, F. (1990): Statut des mammifères d´Europe, Museum National d´Histoire Naturelle, Paris...BEAUFORT, F. (1993): The threatened mammals of Europe, Consejo de Europa. Estrasburgo...BEJA, P. R. (1991): Diet of otters (Lutra lutra) in closely associated freshwaters, brackish and marine habitats in southwest Portugal. J. Zool. Londres, 225: 141-152...BLANCO, J. C. (ed.) (1998): Mamíferos de España. Planeta. Barcelona. Vol. 1. ..BLANCO, J. C., & J. L. GONZÁLEZ (eds.) (1992): Libro Rojo de los Vertebrados de España, ICONA, Colección Técnica, Madrid. ..BLAS-ARITIO, L. (1970): Vida y costumbres de los mustélidos españoles. Servicio de Pesca Continental, Caza y Parques Nacionales, Madrid. 221 pp...CALLEJO, A. (1988): Le choix des proies par la loutre (Lutra lutra) dans le nord-ouest de l´Espagne, en rapport avec les facteurs de l´environnement. Bol. Est. Cent. Ecol., 13: 83-89...DELIBES, M. (ed.) (1990): La nutria (Lutra lutra) en España.ICONA, Serie Técnica, Madrid...DELIBES, M. & M. I. ADRIÁN (1987): Effect of crayfish introduction on otter Lutra lutra food in the Doñana National Park. Biol. Conserv., 42: 153-159...DELIBES, M., S. M. MACDONALD & C. F. MASON (1991): Seasonal marking, habitat and organochlorine contamination in otters (Lutra lutra): a comparison between catchments in Andalucía and Wales. Mammalia, 55 (4): 567-578...ELLIOT, K. (1983): The otter (Lutra lutra) in Spain. Mammal Rev., 13: 25-34...INSKIPP, T & J. BARZDO (1993): World checklist of threatened mammals, 3ª ed., Joint Nature Conservancy Council, Londres...JIMÉNEZ, J. (1987): The otter and its conservation in the Valencian Region (E. Spain). IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bull., 2: 37-41...JIMÉNEZ, J. & J. LACOMBA (1991): The influence of waters demands on otter (Lutra lutra) distribution in Mediterranean Spain, en C. Reuter & R. Röcchert (eds), Proc. V Int. Otter Colloqu., Habitat, 6: 249-254...MACDONALD, D. W. (1995): European mammals. Evolution and behaviour. Harper & Collins. Londres. ..MASON, C.F., & MACDONALD, S.M. (1986): Otters. Ecology and Conservation. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, Reino Unido...NIETHAMMER, J. & F. KRAPP (5 Vols. publicados desde 1978): Handbuch der Säugetiere Europas. Ed. Akad, Verlagsgesellschaft, Wiesbaden. ..PALOMO, L. & GISBERT, J. (eds.) (2002): Atlas de los Mamíferos Terrestres de España. Dirección General de Conservación de la Naturaleza- SECEM-SECEMU, Madrid, 564 pp...REUTHER, C. et al. (2000): Surveying and monitoring distribution and population trends of the Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra). Guidelines and evaluation of the standard method for surveys as recommended by the European Section of the IUCN/SSC Otter Specialist Group. Habitat, 12: 1-148...RUIZ-OLMO, J. (1993): Artificial food support for Lutra lutra in a river in Spain. IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bull., 8: 34-37...RUIZ-OLMO, J. (1995): Estudio bionómico de la nutria (Lutra lutra L., 1758) en aguas continentales de la Península Ibérica. Tesis doctoral, Univ. de Barcelona...RUIZ-OLMO, J. (2001): Plan de recuperación de la nutria: biología y conservación. Departament de Medi Ambient, Generalitat de Catalunya, Barcelona, 145 pp...RUIZ-OLMO, J., J. JIMÉNEZ & M. DELIBES (1989): Problemas de conservación de la nutria en la vertiente mediterránea ibérica. Quercus, 44: 16-20...RUIZ-OLMO, J. & PALAZÓN, S. (1997): The diet of the European Otter (Lutra lutra L.) in Mediterranean freshwaters habitats. J. Wild. Resc., 2 (2): 171-181...RUIZ-OLMO, J., & M. DELIBES (1998): La nutria en España ante el Horizonte del año 2000. Sociedad Española para la Conservación y estudio de los Mamíferos (SECEM). Barcelona-Sevilla-Málaga...RUIZ-OLMO, J., DELIBES, M. & ZAPATA, S.C. (1998): External morphometry, demography and mortality of the Otter Lutra lutra (Linneo, 1758) in the Iberian Peninsula. Galemys, 10 (NE): 239-251...RUIZ-OLMO, J. et al (2000): Pollution and its Effects on Otter Populations in South-Western Europe. Proceedings of the Otter Toxicology Conference, Skye (Scotland).

Jang-Seu Ki, Dae-Sik Hwang, Tae-Jin Park, Sang-Hoon Han and Jae-Seong Lee A comparative analysis of the complete mitochondrial genome of the Eurasian otter Lutra lutra (Carnivora; Mustelidae). Molecular Biology Reports 2010-04-01;37(4):1943-1955 doi:10.1007/s11033-009-9641-0

Wilson D.E. & Reeder D.A.M. (1993). Mammals species of the world. A taxonomic and geographic reference. Second edition. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, 1206 pp.

Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. (1992) Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing

Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. (2005) Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2

Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole (2000) Common Names of Mammals of the World

van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376

Known issues

There are known issues with this name usage:

  • basionym relation derived

Source information

This backbone name usage is included because it was found in another checklist at the time the backbone was built.
View the primary source usage in Catalogue of Life.

Record history

This record was last modified on Jul 25, 2016.