There are no subordinate taxa for this species.
You can explore the higher classification on the right.
Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 180-213.
Judkins, H. L., M. Vecchione, and C. F. E. Roper. 2009. Cephalopoda (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 701–709 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Norman M.D. & Finn J.K. (2014). Family Vampyroteuthidae. pp. 268-270, in P. Jereb, C.F.E. Roper, M.D. Norman & J.K. Finn eds. Cephalopods of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cephalopod species known to date. Volume 3. Octopods and Vampire Squids. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes [Rome, FAO]. 4(3): 353 pp. 11 pls.
Spencer, H.G., Marshall, B.A. & Willan, R.C. (2009). Checklist of New Zealand living Mollusca. Pp 196-219. in: Gordon, D.P. (ed.) New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Volume one. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch.
van der Land, J. (ed) (2008) UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO)
The content of the "Default citation" depends on the metadata supplied by the publisher. In some cases this may be incomplete.
(2016). GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. GBIF Secretariat. Checklist Dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/39omei accessed via GBIF.org on 2017-07-24.
This backbone name usage is included because it was found in another checklist at the time the backbone was built. The primary source name usage (115633903) has since been removed from the portal.
This record was last modified on Feb 14, 2017.