E. C. Smith Herbarium (ACAD)

Occurrence dataset published by Acadia University

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Full Title

E. C. Smith Herbarium (ACAD)


Today, the E. C. Smith Herbarium contains over 200,000 specimens, including vascular plants, bryophytes, and fungi. It is the largest herbarium in Atlantic Canada and the first Canadian herbarium to have a digital database with scanned images of the collection. The Acadia Herbarium began as an initial gift to Dr. H. G. Perry of a small collection made by G. U. Hay of St. John, New Brunswick. Included in this collection were a few plants collected by J. Fowler of New Brunswick before he went to Queen's University. These first specimens were collected between 1868 and 1880. Some of the plants were cultivated and some were from the United States. Subsequently, in these early years, the additions were made chiefly through the work of Dr. H. G. Perry and his students. No records were available until the collection numbered some 6,000 sheets. Included in the 6,000, however, are a number of sheets from the Gray Herbarium Expeditions to Nova Scotia in 1920 and 1921. Of the specimens above the 6000 count, the majority have been added by the work of Dr. M. V. Roscoe and her students from 1928-1940 and Dr. H. P. Banks and his students from 1940-1946. In 1946 a large collection was being assembled by Mr. David Erskine, who catalogued the Flora of Wolfville and vicinity. During Dr. E. C. Smith's tenure at Acadia (1947-1971) the number of specimens grew from 20,000 sheets to over 70,000. In 1970, Acadia University's Board of Governors announced that the department's excellent collection of plants would be named the E. C. Smith Herbarium as tribute to him for his contributions to the collection.

Temporal coverages

Formation period: 1854-present

Language of Metadata


Language of Data


Ruth Newell
Curator - E. C. Smith Herbarium
Acadia University B4P 2R6 Wolfville Nova Scotia Canada 902-585-1335
Metadata author
Christa Pufahl
On sabbatical
Administrative contact
Rodger Evans
Director - E. C. Smith Herbarium
Acadia University 33 Westwood Avenue B4P 2R6 Wolfville Nova Scotia Canada 902-585-1710


Published by

Acadia University

Publication Date


Registration Date


Hosted by

Université de Montréal Biodiversity Centre

Served by

Canadensys repository



Alternative Identifiers

External Data

Metadata Documents

53,354 Georeferenced data

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All records | In viewable area


Primarily the Flora of the Acadian Forest Region. However, there are smaller collections within the herbarium that stem from research initiatives across the globe.


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Other Contacts

Steve MacNeil
IT Consultant
Wolfville Nova Scotia Canada
Jennifer Richard
Consulting Librarian
Acadia University Wolfville Nova Scotia Canada
Acadia University 33 Westwood Avenue B4P 2R6 Wolfville Nova Scotia Canada
Point of contact
Rodger Evans

Taxonomic Coverage

This dataset includes all vascular plant specimens from the E. C. Smith Herbarium and Cape Breton University teaching collection that have been digitized, databased and geo-referenced. The top 3 families are Cyperaceae (11%), Asteraceae (10%) and Poaceae (8%).

Plantae (Plants)
Equisetopsida (Vascular plants)
Cyperaceae (Sedges), Asteraceae (Sunflowers), Poaceae (Grasses)

E. C. Smith Herbarium Digital Repository

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Various; CFI

Project Personnel

Point of contact
Rodger Evans



Study extent

Digitization of Vascular plants from the E. C. Smith Herbarium with a focus on plants of the Acadian Forest Region.

Sampling description

All data are manually digitized as text from high resolution scans of each herbarium specimen.

Quality control

Records are corrected on an ad hoc basis.

Method Steps

  1. Data are entered into the main database through in-house software, some of which is verified electronically (e.g. all taxonomic data using ITIS).

Collection name

E. C. Smith Herbarium

Collection Identifier


Parent Collection Identifier


Specimen Preservation method