To improve research into Taiwan
's endemic plant and animal species and special ecosystems and to promote ecology education, the Taiwan
Provincial Government took a policy decision on nature conservation. On 8 January 1990, at Meeting 909 of provincial government heads of department, Chiu Chuang-huan, the then Governor of Taiwan
Province, directed that "a Taiwan
Endemic Species Research Institute should be established specifically to conserve and research Taiwan
's existing endemic species." To implement this decision, Taiwan
Province Department of Agriculture and Forestry prepared an "Outline Plan for the Establishment of a Taiwan
Endemic Species Research Institute," which was completed in May 1990. After being debated and passed by the Provincial Government Council, the plan was presented to the Executive Yuan, which approved it on 23 April 1991. TESRI was formally established on 1 July 1992.