Royal Museum of Central Africa - Tru…

Occurrence dataset published by BeBIF Provider

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Summary

Full Title

Royal Museum of Central Africa - True Fruit Flies (Diptera, Tephritidae) of the Afrotropical Region (ENBI wp13)

Description

Fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) are one of the most economically important groups of insects in the Afrotropical Region. They cause millions of Euros of damage to fruits and vegetables, and are a major constraint to commercial and subsistence farming in the region. The family Tephritidae includes more than 5000 species worldwide, approximately 1400 species of which develop in fleshy fruits (Norrbom et al 1999). Nearly 250 of these species are capable of achieving pest status by feeding on plants of economic importance (White and Elson-Harris 1992). The Mediterranean fruit fly, or Medfly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), is currently the most important of these pests from an invasive species perspective. Of African origin, it has spread to several other continents where it causes millions of Euros in damage. It also threatens other horticultural areas (such as California and Florida in the USA and regions in eastern Australia) resulting in very expensive detecting and monitoring programmes in these regions. The destructive association of several species with commercially grown fruit and vegetable crops makes them the subject of intensive agricultural research. But fruit flies are also biologically diverse and form a significant part of the biota of any region. Besides the several pest species, the large majority of the true fruit flies are limited to a small number of indigenous host fruits, mainly from trees and shrubs. Most of them are associated with forested areas, and can be used as indicator species for the biodiversity of a given area. In addition, several fruit fly larvae develop in other parts of host plants such as the stems or flowerheads. Fruit flies database is part of the ENBI WP13 feasibility study (Collaborative project between the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, the Royal Museum for Central Africa and the National Botanical Garden. The data portal for the ENBI WP13 study can be found at http://projects.bebif.be/enbi

Language of Data

 

Administrative contact
Marc de Meyer de Meyer
Entomologist
Royal Museum for Central Africa Leuvensesteenweg 13, Tervuren BE, 3080 3080 Tervuren Belgium
Metadata author
André Heughebaert
Originator
Marc de Meyer
Entomologist
Royal Museum for Central Africa Leuvensesteenweg 13 3080 Tervuren Belgium

Published by

BeBIF Provider

Publication Date

Oct 15, 2014

Registration Date

May 4, 2010

Served by

Belgian BIF IPT

Links

Alternative Identifiers

External Data

Metadata Documents

Taxonomic Coverage

Diptera, Tephritidae

FAMILY
Tephritidae

17,167 Georeferenced data

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Description

Africa

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Geographic Coverage

Africa

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Associated parties

Author
Ian White
Entomologist
Natural History Museum, London, UK United Kingdom