Biodiversity Institute of Ontario (BIOUG)
The Biodiversity Institute of Ontario (BIO) is a biotechnology organization dedicated to the use of DNA barcoding for both the identification and discovery of species. Based at the University of Guelph, BIO coordinates the International Barcode of Life Project, the largest research program ever undertaken in biodiversity genomics. BIO plays a special role in leading Canadian contributions to this initiative, with emphasis on the development of efficient collection and preservation methods, high-throughput laboratory protocols, and the Barcode of Life Data (BOLD) Systems – an online workbench and database for the global barcoding community. BIO also houses an unique natural history collection composed of over 1.5 million digitized voucher specimens, most of which are associated with a DNA barcode record and specimen image.
The BIObus (www.biobus.ca) has been collecting material from National Parks since 2008 as part of the Biodiversity Institute of Ontario's Canadian National Park Malaise Program. The program is an on-going study aimed at gathering a collection of voucher specimens and tissue material of animals occurring in Canadian National Parks for subsequent molecular analyzes at the Canadian Centre for DNA Barcoding and for authoritative identification by taxonomists. The goal was to collect specimens from a broad range of taxa within these parks and subsequently to recover high-quality sequences of 658 base pairs of cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene (COI, the standard animal DNA barcode). These specimens and their sequences then become part of the growing collection of reference library DNA barcodes of Canadian animals (www.boldsystems.org). Even while under construction, this reference library is intended for use by the broader scientific and amateur naturalist community. These reference DNA barcodes are linked to authoritatively identified voucher specimens deposited in major collections where they are accessible for examination and in-depth analyzes by all interested researchers. Until a species gains a formal taxonomic identification, each divergent barcode group (roughly >2% from nearest neighbour) is assigned an unique identifier called a Barcode Index Number or BIN. This permits the necessary subsequent taxonomic revisions to be completed at maximum efficiency.
All data included in this release are publicly available on the Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD; www.boldsystems.org). Each specimen is also linked to a COI DNA barcode deposited in GenBank at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genbank/).
Date range: May 1, 2008 - Sep 1, 2012
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Jul 25, 2014
Jul 16, 2014