This dataset lists the species that have been collected by deploying for the first time a Rauschert dredge in the Ross Sea (Rehm et al. 2006). Samples were obtained during the Austral summer 2004 in the framework of the 19th PNRA Antarctic expedition, on board the R/V “Italica”. The study area was the continental shelf along the latitudinal transect comprised between Cape Adare (~71°S) and Terra Nova Bay (~75°S). On the whole,eighteen stations, comprised between 84 and 515m of depth, were sampled.
Sampling activities were done in four main areas of the Ross Sea: Cape Adare, Cape Hallett, Coulman Island, Cape Russell (Fig 2). The eighteen Rauschert dredge samples were obtained at Cape Adare (five sampling sites: A1, A2, A3, A4, A5), at Cape Hallett (seven sampling sites: H out 1, H out 2, H out 4, H in 2, H in 3; H in 4, H in 5), at Coulmann Island (two sites: C1, C2) and at Cape Russell (four sites: SMN, R2, R3, R4) (Rehm et al. 2006).
Specimens were classified at the lowest possible taxonomic level. A 18% of species were classified at the or above the generic level due to an uncertainty about their status. The same was for another 6% of species that potentially represent new species. Although these taxa will require further studies (e.g. morphological and genetic, currently underway) these have been included in this dataset as they could be clearly distinguished during sorting activities and were therefore considered as morphospecies. During all the phases of sorting, classification and storage of samples at the Italian National Antarctic Museum, quality controls and data cleaning have been undertaken at various steps in order to produce quality data and make consistent cross-references between the database and samples' labels. The MNA uses an SQL-based database (Specify 6) to manage its collections and link all the data (photos, sequences, etc.) to the physical samples. Georeferencing on board the RV "Italica" is based on TCP/IP protocols and NetNav2000 and NetNav WEB systems.
- The material was collected during the Italica 2004 LGP Italica 2004 Expedition by Dr. Peter Rehm (see Rehm et al., 2006) under the framework of the PNRA Project 2002/8.6. In the specific, the Rauschert samples were preserved immediately in pre-cooled 90% ethanol and kept in -25°C for later DNA extraction. Sorting of molluscs was performed at the Italian National Antarctic Museum. Taxonomic identification was performed at the Italian Antarctic National Museum (MNA, Section of Genoa) and at the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) laboratories. All living specimens were sorted under a stereomicroscope and, whenever possible, classified down to the specific level. More minute species were photographed at ESEM (Leo Stereoscan 440) facility at DISTAV. Dead shells have not been taken into account in the present study. The present molluscs dataset has been formatted in order to fulfil the standards (Darwin Core) required by the OBIS scheme (http://iobis.org/data/schema-and-metadata) according the SCAR-MarBIN Data Toolkit (available at http://www.scarmarbin.be/documents/SM-FATv1.zip). The dataset was uploaded in the ANTOBIS database (the geospatial component of SCAR-MarBIN) and added to SOMBASE (Southern Ocean Mollusc Database www.antarctica.ac.uk/sombase). SOMBASE generated initial core data system upon which SCAR’s Marine Biodiversity Information Network (SCAR-MarBIN) was built. Taxonomy was matched against the Register of Antarctic Marine Species, using the Taxon Match tool (http://www.scarmarbin.be/rams.php?p=match). Data from both the RV “Italica” and the RV “Tangaroa” (“BioRoss”, TAN0402) voyages were published in Schiaparelli et al. (2006). A detailed analysis of the distribution of mollusc species sampled by the Rauschert dredge as well as the illustration of all new records for the Ross Sea is in Ghiglione et al. (submitted). The dataflow is illustrated in Figure 1.
Specimen Preservation method
- 8,359 - 8,359 8359 specimens