Ecological Biogeography of the Terres…

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Summary

Full Title

Ecological Biogeography of the Terrestrial Nematodes of Victoria Land, Antarctica (Data Archive)

Description

The terrestrial ecosystems of Victoria Land, Antarctica are characteristically simple in terms of biological diversity and ecological functioning. Nematodes are the most commonly encountered and abundant metazoans of Victoria Land soils, yet little is known of their diversity and distribution. Herein we present a summary of the geographic distribution, habitats and ecology of the terrestrial nematodes of Victoria Land from published and unpublished sources. Published in Zookeys as: Ecological Biogeography of the Terrestrial Nematodes of Victoria Land, Antarctica. Byron J. Adams, Diana H. Wall, Ross A. Virginia, Emma Broos, Matthew A. Knox

Temporal coverages

Date range: Jan 1, 1970 - Jan 1, 2013

Language of Metadata

ENGLISH

Language of Data

ENGLISH

Administrative contact
Byron Adams
Brigham Young University Provo Utah United States
Metadata author
Byron Adams
Brigham Young University Provo Utah United States
Originator
Byron Adams
Brigham Young University Provo Utah United States

doi:10.15468/vv0yuq

Published by

ZooKeys

Publication Date

Apr 15, 2014

Registration Date

Apr 24, 2014

Served by

Pensoft Data Publishing Center

External Data

Metadata Documents

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Description

Victoria Land, Antarctica

About

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Other Contacts

Administrative contact
Matthew Knox
Colorado State University Fort Collins Colorado United States
Author
Emma Broos
Colorado State University Fort Collins Colorado United States
Author
Ross Virginia
Dartmouth College Hanover New Hampshire United States
Author
Diana Wall
Colorado State University Fort Collins Colorado United States
Author
Diana Wall

Taxonomic Coverage

All species of nematode known from the region of Victoria Land Antarctica.

SPECIES
Scottnema lindsayae, Plectus murrayi, Plectus frigophilus, Eudorylaimus antarcticus, Eudorylaimus glacialis, Panagrolaimus davidi, Geomonhystera antarcticola

McMurdo Dry Valleys Long-Term Ecological Research (MCM LTER) Program

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Study area description

The McMurdo Dry Valleys Long-Term Ecological Research (MCM LTER) Program is an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary study of the aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems in an ice-free region of Antarctica. MCM joined the National Science Foundation's LTER Network in 1993 and is funded through the Office of Polar Programs in six year funding periods. The McMurdo Dry Valleys (77°30'S 163°00'E) on the shore of McMurdo Sound, 2,200 miles (3,500 km) due south of New Zealand, form the largest relatively ice-free area (approximately 4,800 sq km) on the Antarctic continent. These ice-free areas of Antarctica display a sharp contrast to most other ecosystems in the world, which exist under far more moderate environmental conditions. The perennially ice-covered lakes, ephemeral streams and extensive areas of exposed soil within the McMurdo Dry Valleys are subject to low temperatures, limited precipitation and salt accumulation. The dry valleys represent a region where life approaches its environmental limits, and is an end-member in the spectrum of environments included in the LTER Network.

Design description

Based on published and unpublished data, we summarized biogeographic information on the species represented within each nematode genus described in Victoria Land. In addition to published papers, we present information obtained from data on soil, and lake and stream sediment samples collected throughout Victoria Land, by the authors and team members during the austral summers between and including 1990 and 2004.

Funding

National Science Foundation grant ANT-1115245.

Project Personnel

Author
Diana Wall

Methodology

Study extent

Victoria Land Antarctica 1970 - 2013

Sampling description

Based on published and unpublished data, we summarized biogeographic information on the species represented within each nematode genus described in Victoria Land. In addition to published papers, we present information obtained from data on soil, and lake and stream sediment samples collected throughout Victoria Land, by the authors and team members during the austral summers between and including 1990 and 2004.

Quality control

N/A

Method Steps

  1. Nematode soil extraction procedures optimized for Antarctic soils (Freckman and Virginia 1993).

Specimen Preservation method

Formalin

References

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Bargagli et al. 1997

Barrett JE, Virginia RA, Wall DH, Cary SC, Adams BJ, Hacker AL, Aislabie JM (2006c) Co-variation in soil biodiversity and biogeochemistry in northern and southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Antarctic Science 18: 535-548
Barrett et al. 2006c

Courtright EM, Freckman DW, Virginia RA, Thomas WK (1996) McMurdo LTER: Genetic diversity of soil nematodes in the McMurdo Dry Valleys of Antarctica. Antarctic Journal of the United States 31: 203-204
Courtright et al. 1996

Courtright EM, Wall DH, Virginia RA, Frisse LM, Vida JT, Thomas WK (2000) Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence diversity in the Antarctic nematode Scottnema lindsayae. Journal of Nematology 32: 143-153
Courtright et al. 2000

Courtright EM, Wall DH, Virginia RA (2001) Determining habitat suitability for soil invertebrates in an extreme environment: the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Antarctic Science 13: 9-17
Courtright et al. 2001

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Freckman and Virginia 1990

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Freckman and Virginia 1993

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Gooseff MN, Barrett JE, Doran PT, Fountain AG, Lyons WB, Parsons AN, Porazinska DL, Virginia RA, Wall DH (2003) Snow-patch influence on soil biogeochemical processes and invertebrate distribution in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Arctic Antarctic and Alpine Research 35: 91-99
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Overhoff A, Freckman DW, Virginia RA (1993) Life cycle of the microbivorous Antarctic Dry Valley nematode Scottnema lindsayae (Timm 1971). Polar Biology 13: 151-156
Overhoff et al. 1993

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Poage et al. 2008

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Porazinska et al. 2002a

Porazinska DL, Wall DH, Virginia RA (2002b) Population age structure of nematodes in the Antarctic Dry Valleys: Perspectives on time, space, and habitat suitability. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 34: 159-168
Porazinska et al. 2002b

Powers LE, Freckman DW, Virginia RA (1994a) Depth distribution of soil nematodes in Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Antarctic Journal of the United States 29: 175-176
Powers et al. 1994a

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Powers et al. 1994b

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Raymond et al. 2013

Timm RW (1971) Antarctic soil and freshwater nematodes from the McMurdo Sound region. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington 38: 42-52
Timm 1971

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Treonis AM, Wall DH, Virginia RA (2000) The use of anhydrobiosis by soil nematodes in the Antarctic Dry Valleys. Functional Ecology 14: 460-467
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Treonis AM, Wall DH, Virginia RA (2002) Field and microcosm studies of decomposition and soil biota in a cold desert soil. Ecosystems 5: 159-170. doi:10.1007/s10021-001-0062-8
Treonis et al. 2002

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Vinciguerra 1994

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Vinciguerra et al 1994

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Wall Freckman and Virginia 1998

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Wharton and Brown 1989

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Yeates 1970

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Boström et al 2011