Philine wareni Valdés, Cadien & Gosliner, 2016
- GBIF Backbone Taxonomy
- Published in
- Valdés Á., Cadien D. B.; Gosliner T. M. Philinidae, Laonidae and Philinorbidae (Gastropoda: Cephalaspidea: Philinoidea) from the northeastern Pacific Ocean and the Beaufort Sea (Arctic Ocean). Zootaxa. 4147(5): 501-537 (2016).
- Philine wareni
Description. Live animals unknown. Preserved animals to 4 mm long. Body oval, about twice as long as wide (Fig. 20 A – B). Cephalic shield short and wide, slightly notched posteriorly. Parapodia running from near the anterior end of the body to about 1 / 3 of the animal, short and fleshy. Shell internal, occupying most of the animal. Shell shape bulloid, elongate. Sculpture and detailed structure unknown. Radular formula 13 x 126.96.36.199.1. Inner teeth large, hook-shaped, smooth, lacking denticles (Fig. 20 C). Outer teeth elongate, also smooth. Gizzard plates soft, elongate, with large muscles attached (Fig. 20 D – F). Male reproductive system with a short prostate, penis not differentiated (Fig. 21). Range. Oregon (Fig. 3 B), 786 m depth.
Remarks. Philine wareni sp. nov. is clearly different from other species in the study area. It is the only species with uncalcified gizzard plates with strong muscles attached. The radula is also unique, with curved and elongate inner teeth. Unfortunately the shells of the preserved specimens were destroyed and could not be examined. Philine wareni sp. nov. appears to be associated with chemosynthetic environments.
Etymology. Dedicated to Anders Warén for his lifetime contribution to malacology as well as for providing us with the material examined of this new species.
Type material. HOLOTYPE: Oregon Subduction Zone, off the Oregon coast (44 º 34 ’ N, 125 º 08 ’ W), 786 m depth, R / V Sonne (143 - SO 140), 4 mm preserved length (SMNH 45428). Other material examined. Oregon Subduction Zone, off the Oregon coast (44 º 34 ’ N, 125 º 08 ’ W), 786 m depth, R / V Sonne (143 - SO 140), 1 specimen, 3.2 mm preserved length (SMNH 45428).
- Valdés Á., Cadien D. B.; Gosliner T. M. (2016). Philinidae, Laonidae and Philinorbidae (Gastropoda: Cephalaspidea: Philinoidea) from the northeastern Pacific Ocean and the Beaufort Sea (Arctic Ocean). <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4147(5): 501-537.