Implementation of the biodiversity information and data system for coastal ecosystems in Nigeria

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Coconut (Cocos nucifera), Eti-Osa, Nigeria. Photo 2017 Rytis via iNaturalist Research-grade Observations, licensed under CC BY-NC 4.0.

Nigeria's coastal ecosystems offer a complex mix of fresh- and saltwater habitats, earning its rich environments a classification as one of the world's biodiversity hotspots. To address gaps associated with data from these environments, this project will publishing datasets documenting plant, animal and fungal collections from the past 40 years.

The project expects to establish agreements on data sharing and exchange with the Nigerian biodiversity clearing house set up between relevant biodiversity-related organizations and stakeholders. These collaborative partnerships will enable mobilization of about 20,000 plant herbarium specimens, 5,000 animal recordes as well as 6,000 fungal specimens from coastal ecosystems in Nigeria. This data will inform policymakers and aid the concerted efforts to protect coastal biodiversity.

Throughout the project, the group will prioritize individualized workflows for each work plan, including capacity, collections, and risk assessments, timelines and goals. Large-scale primary biodiversity data resources will be mobilized, specimens will be fully digitized and enhanced with georeferencing and data cleaning according to international data standards.

Data will be published via a central biodiversity portal linked to both and (for marine species) AfrOBIS. Students participating in digitization at partner institutions will develop skills and interest in biodiversity informatics and carry these forward into careers as scientists and decision-makers. Overall, this project will improve insights for sociocultural valuations and national and international biodiversity information management policies.

Project progress

Project kick-off meeting was held in May 2021 where partners and other stakeholders met and agreed on modalities useful for achieving the set goals for the project. Following the inception meeting, partners agreed to adopt the Microsoft excel package as data management system for cataloguing of specimen data for easy access, sorting and management. Data Mobilization activities began thereafter with visit to museums and herbaria within the region for possible data capture and imaging.

Capacity building workshop was held in December 2021 relationships were established with representatives from the various participating institutions at the workshop. Participant’s capacity was strengthened to develop data sharing framework and mobilize biodiversity data for publication to GBIF and AFROBIS sites.

To date, a total of 5,000 specimen data records have been mobilized, some have been published while others are being cleaned.

A total of two datasets have been published:

Occurrence data including 101 records
Checklist data comprising 221 records

€ {{ 38000 | localNumber }}
€ {{ 13481 | localNumber }}
Type of grant
National biodiversity data mobilization grant
5 April 2021 - 31 March 2023
Project identifier
Funded by
  • Federal Ministry of Science and Technology
  • University of Benin
  • University of Calabar
  • Niger Delta University
  • University of Lagos
  • Lagos State Ministry of Environment and Water Resources
  • GBIF Nigeria
Contact details

Oluwatoyin Ogundipe
Center for Biodiversity Conservation and Ecosystem Management, University of Lagos
Faculty of Science
23401 AKOKA

€ {{ 38000 | localNumber}}