iNaturalist Research-grade Observations
CitationiNaturalist.org (2020). iNaturalist Research-grade Observations. Occurrence dataset https://doi.org/10.15468/ab3s5x accessed via GBIF.org on 2020-04-09.
DescriptionObservations from iNaturalist.org. iNaturalist is a joint initiative of the California Academy of Sciences and the National Geographic Society.
PurposeiNaturalist.org is a website where anyone can record their observations from nature. Members record observations for numerous reasons, including participation in citizen science projects, school projects, and personal fulfillment. Observations included in this archive must meet the following requirements: You can view observations meeting these requirements at
Quality ControliNaturalist observations become candidates for Research Grade when they have a photo, date, and coordinates. They become Research Grade when the community agrees on an identification. If the community has multiple opinions on what taxon has been observed, iNaturalist chooses a taxon from all the proposed taxa (an implied ancestor taxa of the proposed taxa) that more than 2/3 of the voters agree with. The full algorithm is as follows: for all identified taxa and the taxa that contain them (e.g. genus Homo contains Homo sapiens), score each as the ratio between the number of cumulative IDs for that taxon over the sum of the cumulative IDs, the number of more conservative IDs added after the first ID of that taxon, and the number of IDs that are completely different (i.e. IDs of taxa that do not contain the taxon being scored). For the identified taxa that have a score over 2/3 and at least 2 identifications, iNaturalist chooses the lowest ranked taxon as the community taxon. An observation can lose Research Grade status if the community has voted it down on several metrics, including whether the organism is wild / naturalized (i.e. not captive / cultivated), whether the location and date seem accurate, and whether the content of the observation is appropriate for the context (e.g. violation of iNaturalist's Terms of Service, copyright violation, plagiarism, etc.). To learn more about data quality on iNaturalist, see http://www.inaturalist.org/pages/help#quality
- Observation recorded and verified by the community