Mapping of ecosystems and vegetation types is important for environmental planning and resource management, but producing accurate, high-resolution maps is a challenge due mosaic and heterogeneous environments.
This paper presents a workflow to produce high-resolution multiclass vegetation maps based on a scalable tree boosting method referred to as XGBoost—or extreme gradient boosting.
To demonstrate the workflow, researchers used two strikingly different cases. First, they surveyed the Dzungarian Basin in China by photographic sampling covering more than 3,000 points 1-2 km apart. From the photos, they identified plants species and developed a hierarchical vegetation classication system.
In the second case, they gathered GBIF-mediated vegetation survey data for New Zealand. In both cases, the authors supplemented survey data with an extensive suite of bioclimatic data and remote sensing data.
In both cases, the authors used the XGBoost approach to produce high-resolution, vegetation maps effectively separating vegetation classes with higher accuracy than other mapping projects.