1020 citations

On the North American invasion of the House Sparrow and its absence in the Yucatan Peninsula

Alexander Peña-Peniche, Claudio Mota-Vargas, Michelle García-Arroyo, Ian MacGregor-Fors, (2021) Avian Conservation and Ecology

Biological invasions occur when individuals of alien species establish and colonize new locations. The House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) is one of the most widespread invasive birds, native to Eurasia and North Africa, and has successfully invaded many regions from across the world. The House Sparro…

Modelling potential Pleistocene habitat corridors between Afromontane forest regions

Kaitlin E. Allen, Walter P. Tapondjou, Benedictus Freeman, Jacob C. Cooper, Rafe M. Brown, (2021) Biodiversity and Conservation

The unusually high floral and faunal similarity between the different regions of the Afromontane archipelago has been noted by biogeographers since the late 1800s. A possible explanation for this similarity is the spread of montane habitat into the intervening lowlands during the glacial periods of …

The bees of Lebanon (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila)

MIRA BOUSTANI, PIERRE RASMONT, HOLGER H. DATHE, GUILLAUME GHISBAIN, MAX KASPAREK, ... - (2021) Zootaxa

The study of wild bees has markedly increased in recent years due to their importance as pollinators of crops and wild plants, and this interest has been accentuated by increasing evidence of global declines in their abundance and species richness. Though best studied in Europe and North America, kn…

ILORA: A database of alien vascular flora of India

Vidushi Pant, Chinmay Patwardhan, Kshitij Patil, Amiya Ranjan Bhowmick, Abhishek Mukherjee, (2021) bioRxiv

Plant invasions pose an unprecedented threat to biodiversity and ecosystems at different spatial scales, especially for a biodiversity-rich developing nation like India. While country-level checklists are considered as the first step for effective management of plant invasions, databases having biol…

Endemic Juniperus gracilior varieties of the Hispaniola island, tree taxa of environmental and economic relevance and a valuable phytochemical source

Carolina Juncá Morales, Luis Enrique Rodríguez de Francisco, Cristina López Hidalgo, Rafael M Navarro Cerrillo, Omar Paíno Perdomo, (2021) Bosque (Valdivia)

The Juniperus genus has long been used and studied for the chemical components of its aerial parts (leaves, bark, twigs) and their bioactivity. Nevertheless, these studies and their compilation have been primarily focused on Europe and North America distributed taxa, leaving the knowledge and econom…

Dynamics and predicted distribution of an irrupting ‘sleeper’ population: fallow deer in Tasmania

Calum Cunningham, George L W Perry, David Bowman, David M Forsyth, Michael M Driessen, ... - (2021) Research Square

Sleeper populations of non-native species can remain at low abundance for decades before irrupting. For over a century, fallow deer ( Dama dama ) in the island state of Tasmania, Australia, remained at low abundance and close to the region in which they were released. Recently, there are indications…

Morphological and genetic diversification of Russula floriformis, sp. nov., along the Isthmus of Panama

Michelle Vera, Slavomír Adamčík, Katarína Adamčíková, Felix Hampe, Miroslav Caboň, ... - (2021) Mycologia

Species of Russula are ubiquitous members of ectomycorrhizal fungal communities in tropical ecosystems. However, an important part of the total tropical diversity of this genus and its biogeographic patterns is unknown due to the lack of studies on Russula in tropical ecosystems. We combined molecul…

Environmental conditions associated with occurrences of the threatened Yaqui Catfish in the Yaqui River basin, Mexico

Thomas Hafen, Andrew T. Taylor, Dean A. Hendrickson, David R. Stewart, James M. Long, (2021) North American Journal of Fisheries Management

Yaqui Catfish Ictalurus pricei is an understudied species with limited information of its ecology, distribution, and local habitat use. Native to the southwest United States and northwest Mexico, Yaqui Catfish populations are declining which has prompted the species to be listed as threatened in the…

Climate Niche Evolution in C4+ CAM Portulaca and Closely Related C3+ CAM Lineages

Nora M. Heaphy, (2021)

With at least a hundred independent origins among land plants, the CAM and C4 photosynthetic pathways represent one of the most notable examples of global convergent evolution of a complex trait. While biochemically similar, CAM and C4 are generally understood to be two distinct ecological adaptatio…

Functional connectivity of an endemic tree frog in a highly threatened tropical dry forest in Mexico

Sara Covarrubias, Carla Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, Octavio Rojas-Soto, Rafael Hernández-Guzmán, Clementina González, (2021) Écoscience

The increase in anthropogenic activities that lead to fragmentation and habitat loss, could result in a reduction of connectivity among habitat patches of terrestrial species. We used ecological niche models, circuit and graph theories to evaluate functional connectivity among home-range patches and…

Species with insufficient data and red lists: The dilemma of the beach trigonal clam Tivela mactroides

Thaís Fonseca Rech, Gabriel Akira Teshima Soto, Alexander Turra, (2021) Journal for Nature Conservation

Endangered species lists (or red lists) are important tools for species conservation, but if they are not supported by data and they are inappropriately applied, they can be sources of conflict. Here, we present and discuss the dilemma of the trigonal clam Tivela mactroides, a beach bivalve used as …

Endemism of woody flora and tetrapod fauna, and conservation status of the inter-Andean Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest of the Marañón valley

Betty Karina Guzman Valqui, Antonio García-Bravo, Elvis Eduardo Allauja Salazar, Iván Alexander Mejía Castillo, Cristóbal Torres Guzmán, (2021) Global Ecology and Conservation

Based on a review of literature related to the biological diversity of the inter-Andean Seasonally Dry Tropical Forest of the Marañón valley (ISDTFM), located in the regions of Cajamarca, Amazonas, Piura, La Libertad, Ancash and Huánuco (Perú), this study highlights the richness of endemic species o…

Linking Habitat and Associated Abiotic Conditions to Predict Fish Hotspots Distribution Areas within La Paz Bay: Evaluating Marine Conservation Areas

Francisco Javier Urcádiz-Cázares, Víctor Hugo Cruz-Escalona, Mark S. Peterson, Rosalía Aguilar-Medrano, Emigdio Marín-Enríquez, ... - (2021) Diversity

Hotspots are priority marine or terrestrial areas with high biodiversity where delineation is essential for conservation, but equally important is their linkage to the environmental policies of the overall region. In this study, fish diversity presences were linked to abiotic conditions and differen…

Phylogeographic analysis of shrubby beardtongues reveals range expansions during the Last Glacial Maximum and implicates the Klamath Mountains as a ho…

Benjamin W. Stone, Andrea D. Wolfe, (2021) Molecular Ecology

Quaternary glacial cycles often altered species' geographic distributions, which in turn altered the geographic structure of species' genetic diversity. In many cases, glacial expansion forced species in temperate climates to contract their ranges and reside in small pockets of suitable habitat (ref…

Landscape analyses using eDNA metabarcoding and Earth observation predict community biodiversity in California

Meixi Lin, Ariel Levi Simons, Ryan J. Harrigan, Emily E. Curd, Fabian D. Schneider, ... - (2021) Ecological Applications

Ecosystems globally are under threat from ongoing anthropogenic environmental change. Effective conservation management requires more thorough biodiversity surveys that can reveal system-level patterns and that can be applied rapidly across space and time. Using modern ecological models and communit…

(no title)

Deborah Paul, (2021)

(no abstract available)

Assessing the Genetic Diversity of Ilex guayusa Loes., a Medicinal Plant from the Ecuadorian Amazon

Maria P. Erazo-Garcia, Juan José Guadalupe, Jennifer K. Rowntree, Pamela Borja-Serrano, Nina Espinosa de los Monteros-Silva, (2021) Diversity

Ilex guayusa Loes. is a shrub native to the Neotropics, traditionally consumed as an infusion. Despite its cultural value and extensive use, genetic research remains scarce. This study examined the genetic and clonal diversity of guayusa in three different Ecuadorian Amazon regions using 17 species-…

BIEN database version 4.2

Brian S. Maitner, Brad Boyle, Nathan Casler, Rick Condit, John Donoghue, ... - (2021)

(no abstract available)

Assessment of the Potential Risk of Rock-Climbing for Cliff Plant Species and Natural Protected Areas of Spain

Indradatta deCastro-Arrazola, Martí March-Salas, Juan Lorite, (2021) Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution

In recent years, the popularity of rock-climbing has grown tremendously, setting an increasing pressure on cliff habitats. Climbing may be particularly harmful in the Mediterranean biome due to its appropriate environmental conditions for climbing. A few studies have identified the effect of climbin…

Ensemble Models Predict Invasive Bee Habitat Suitability Will Expand under Future Climate Scenarios in Hawai’i

Jesse A. Tabor, Jonathan B. Koch, (2021) Insects

Climate change is predicted to increase the risk of biological invasions by increasing the availability of climatically suitable regions for invasive species. Endemic species on oceanic islands are particularly sensitive to the impact of invasive species due to increased competition for shared resou…

Responses of Southern Ocean Seafloor Habitats and Communities to Global and Local Drivers of Change

Madeleine J. Brasier, David Barnes, Narissa Bax, Angelika Brandt, Anne B. Christianson, ... - (2021) Frontiers in Marine Science

Knowledge of life on the Southern Ocean seafloor has substantially grown since the beginning of this century with increasing ship-based surveys and regular monitoring sites, new technologies and greatly enhanced data sharing. However, seafloor habitats and their communities exhibit high spatial vari…

Integrating ecoclimatic niche modelling methods into classical biological control programmes

D.J. Kriticos, K.B. Ireland, L. Morin, N. Kumaran, M.A. Rafter, ... - (2021) Biological Control

Much of the success of a classical biological control programme hinges on identifying effective candidate agents, and once approved for release deploying them in the range invaded by the target organism at site-specific times of the year when they have the best chance of establishing. While suitable…

The diversification of Pterocarpus (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae) was influenced by biome-switching and infrequent long-distance dispersal

Rowan J Schley, Qin Ming, Mohammad Vatanparast, Panagotia Malakasi, Manuel de la Estrella, ... - (2021) bioRxiv

Aim: Phenotypes which evolved for dispersal over ecological timescales may lead to significant macroevolutionary consequences, such as infrequent long-distance dispersal and diversification in novel environments. We aimed to reconstruct the phylogenetic history of Pterocarpus (Leguminosae/ Fabaceae)…

bRacatus : a method to estimate the accuracy and biogeographical status of georeferenced biological data

Eduardo Arlé, Alexander Zizka, Petr Keil, Marten Winter, Franz Essl, ... - (2021) Methods in Ecology and Evolution

Georeferenced biological data of species distributions, abundances or traits are critical for ecological and evolutionary research. However, the accuracy (true vs. false records) and biogeographical status (native vs. alien) of individual georeferenced records are often unclear, which limits their u…

Climate vulnerability assessment for selected crops in Senegal

Wilson Nguru, Caroline Mwongera, (2021)

(no abstract available)