17 citations

A global phylogenetic regionalisation of vascular plants reveals a deep split between Gondwanan and Laurasian biotas

Angelino Carta, Lorenzo Peruzzi, Santiago Ramirez Barahona, (2021) bioRxiv

Existing global regionalisation schemes for plants consider the compositional affinities among biotas, but these have not considered phylogenetic information explicitly. Incorporating phylogenetic information may substantially advance our understanding of the relationships among regions and the syno…

Calicioid fungi and lichens from an unprotected intact forest ecosystem in Québec

Philip Bell-Doyon, Steven B. Selva, Troy R. McMullin, (2021) Écoscience

Calicioid lichens and fungi form a diverse polyphyletic group whose species richness is often associated with old-growth forests and ecological continuity. One of the last intact forest landscapes south of the 50th parallel in Québec includes the Ya’nienhonhndeh territory, which has been the focus o…

Harnessing large-scale biodiversity data to infer the current distribution of Vanilla planifolia (Orchidaceae)

Paige Ellestad, Félix Forest, Marcelo Serpe, Stephen J Novak, Sven Buerki, (2021) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society

Although vanilla is one of the most popular flavours in the world, there is still uncertainty concerning the native distribution of the species that produces it, Vanilla planifolia. To circumscribe the native geographical extent of this economically important species more precisely, we propose a new…

Consistent replacement of small-by large-ranged plant species across habitats

Ingmar Staude, Henrique Pereira, Gergana N. Daskalova, Markus Bernhardt-Römermann, Martin Diekmann, ... - (2021) EcoEvoRxiv

The direction and magnitude of long-term changes in local plant species richness are highly variable among studies, while species turnover is ubiquitous. However, it is unknown whether the nature of species turnover is idiosyncratic or whether certain types of species are consistently gained or lost…

Crop wild relatives of the United States require urgent conservation action

Colin K. Khoury, Daniel Carver, Stephanie L. Greene, Karen A. Williams, Harold A. Achicanoy, ... - (2020) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

The contributions of crop wild relatives (CWR) to food security depend on their conservation and accessibility for use. The United States contains a diverse native flora of CWR, including those of important cereal, fruit, nut, oil, pulse, root and tuber, and vegetable crops, which may be threatened …

The natural environment, plant diversity, and adult asthma: A retrospective observational study using the CDC's 500 Cities Project Data

Geoffrey H. Donovan, Shawn M. Landry, Demetrios Gatziolis, (2020) Health & Place

A wealth of evidence links microbial exposure to better human immune function. However, few studies have examined whether exposure to plant diversity is protective of immune diseases, despite the fact that plant leaves support ~1026 bacterial cells. Using the Centers for Disease Control and Preventi…

Is the age of plant communities predicted by the age, stability and soil composition of the underlying landscapes? An investigation of OCBILs

Maria Beatriz De Souza Cortez, Ryan A Folk, Charles J Grady, Jonathan P Spoelhof, Stephen A Smith, ... - (2020) Biological Journal of the Linnean Society

Old, climatically buffered, infertile landscapes (OCBILs) have been hypothesized to harbour an elevated number of persistent plant lineages and are predicted to occur across different parts of the globe, interspersed with other types of landscapes. We tested whether the mean age of a plant community…

Functional traits vary among fleshy-fruited invasive plant species and their potential avian dispersers

Nasiphi Bitani, David A. Ehlers Smith, Yvette C. Ehlers Smith, Colleen T. Downs, (2020) Acta Oecologica

Habitat fragmentation has a multitude of negative effects on biodiversity, including the facilitation of alien plant invasion. Of concern in South Africa is the spread of fleshy-fruited invasive plant species, which in many places are replacing indigenous vegetation in frequently disturbed and fragm…

Plant and fungal collections: Current status, future perspectives

Alan Paton, Alexandre Antonelli, Mark Carine, Rafaela Campostrini Forzza, Nina Davies, ... - (2020) PLANTS, PEOPLE, PLANET

We provide a global review of the current state of plant and fungal collections including herbaria and fungaria, botanic gardens, fungal culture collections, and biobanks. The review focuses on the numbers of collections, major taxonomic group and species level coverage, geographical representation …

Defining endemism levels for biodiversity conservation: tree species in the Atlantic Forest hotspot

Renato A.F. Lima, Vinicius Castro Souza, Marinez Ferreira de Siqueira, Hans ter Steege, (2020) bioRxiv

Endemic species are essential for setting conservation priorities. Yet, quantifying endemism remains challenging because endemism concepts can be too strict (i.e. pure endemism) or too subjective (i.e. near endemism). We use a data-driven approach to objectively estimate the proportion of records ou…

A Biodiversity Composition Map of California Derived from Environmental DNA Metabarcoding and Earth Observation

Meixi Lin, Ariel Levi Simons, Emily E. Curd, Ryan J. Harrigan, Fabian D. Schneider, ... - (2020) bioRxiv

Unique ecosystems globally are under threat from ongoing anthropogenic environmental change. Effective conservation management requires more thorough biodiversity surveys that can reveal system-level patterns and that can be applied rapidly across space and time. We offer a way to use environmental …

A low number of introduced marine species at low latitudes: a case study from southern Florida with a special focus on Mollusca

Fred Wells, Rüdiger Bieler, (2020) Management of Biological Invasions

The anthropogenic transfer of non-indigenous marine species (NIMS) into new areas of the oceans is a key issue. Despite increasing research effort in recent years many fundamental questions remain to be answered before we can effectively manage the issue. One question is whether the greater number o…

Developing Standards for Improved Data Quality and for Selecting Fit for Use Biodiversity Data

Arthur Chapman, Lee Belbin, Paula Zermoglio, John Wieczorek, Paul Morris, ... - (2020) Biodiversity Information Science and Standards

The quality of biodiversity data publicly accessible via aggregators such as GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility), the ALA (Atlas of Living Australia), iDigBio (Integrated Digitized Biocollections), and OBIS (Ocean Biogeographic Information System) is often questioned, especially by the r…

Tholurna dissimilis (Caliciaceae) confirmed as occurring in eastern North America

John W. McCarthy, S. R. Clayden, Teuvo T. Ahti, (2020) Opuscula Philolichenum

Tholurna dissimilis, a rare corticolous dwarf fruticose lichen known from Scandinavia since the early 19th century and from western North America since the early 1960s, is confirmed as occurring in eastern Labrador, Canada. The taxon was discovered during a lichen survey of the Makkovik region of co…

Conservation Gaps in Traditional Vegetables Native to Europe and Fennoscandia

Kauê de Sousa, Svein Øivind Solberg, (2020) Agriculture

Vegetables are rich in vitamins and other micronutrients and are important crops for healthy diets and diversification of the food system, and many traditional (also termed underutilized or indigenous) species may play a role. The current study analyzed 35 vegetables with a European region of divers…

Landscape Analysis for the Specimen Data Refinery

Stephanie Walton, Laurence Livermore, Olaf Bánki, Robert Cubey, Robyn Drinkwater, ... - (2020) Research Ideas and Outcomes

This report reviews the current state-of-the-art applied approaches on automated tools, services and workflows for extracting information from images of natural history specimens and their labels. We consider the potential for repurposing existing tools, including workflow management systems; and ar…

Areas of global importance for terrestrial biodiversity, carbon, and water

Martin Jung, Andy Arnell, Xavier de Lamo, Shaenandhoa García-Rangel, Matthew Lewis, ... - (2020) bioRxiv

To meet the ambitious objectives of biodiversity and climate conventions, countries and the international community require clarity on how these objectives can be operationalized spatially, and multiple targets be pursued concurrently1. To support governments and political conventions, spatial guida…