308 citations

Global Biodiversity Implications of Alternative Electrification Strategies Under the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways

Ryan A. McManamay, Chris R. Vernon, Henriette I. Jager, (2021) Biological Conservation

Addressing climate mitigation while meeting global electrification goals will require major transitions from fossil-fuel dependence to large-scale renewable energy deployment. However, renewables require significant land assets per unit energy and could come at high cost to ecosystems, creating pote…

Risk of Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) introduction and spread in CCHF-free countries in southern and Western Europe: A semi-quantitat…

Angela Fanelli, Domenico Buonavoglia, (2021) One Health

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a severe tick-borne viral zoonotic disease caused by Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV). The disease is usually asymptomatic in domestic and wild animals, both of which may act as reservoirs of the virus. CCHF is endemic in parts of Africa, Asia, …

Role of Maximum Entropy and Citizen Science to Study Habitat Suitability of Jacobin Cuckoo in Different Climate Change Scenarios

Priyanka Singh, Sameer Saran, Sultan Kocaman, (2021) ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information

Recent advancements in spatial modelling and mapping methods have opened up new horizons for monitoring the migration of bird species, which have been altered due to the climate change. The rise of citizen science has also aided the spatiotemporal data collection with associated attributes. The biod…

Citizen science and online data: Opportunities and challenges for snake ecology and action against snakebite

Andrew M. Durso, Rafael Ruiz de Castañeda, Camille Montalcini, M. Rosa Mondardini, Jose L. Fernandez-Marques, ... - (2021) Toxicon: X

The secretive behavior and life history of snakes makes studying their biology, distribution, and the epidemiology of venomous snakebite challenging. One of the most useful, most versatile, and easiest to collect types of biological data are photographs, particularly those that are connected with ge…

A 25,000 year record of climate and vegetation change from the southwestern Cape coast, South Africa

Lynne J. Quick, Brian M. Chase, Andrew S. Carr, Manuel Chevalier, B. Adriaan Grobler, (2021) Quaternary Research

Abstract The southwestern Cape of South Africa is a particularly dynamic region in terms of long-term climate change. We analysed fossil pollen from a 25,000 year sediment core taken from a near-coastal wetland at Pearly Beach that revealed that distinct changes in vegetation composition occurred al…

A joint distribution framework to improve presence-only species distribution models by exploiting opportunistic surveys

Juan Manuel Escamilla Molgora, Luigi Manuel Sedda, Peter Diggle, Peter M Atkinson, (2021) bioRxiv

We propose a Bayesian framework for modelling species distributions using presence-only biodiversity occurrences obtained from historical opportunistic surveys. The framework defines a bivariate spatial process separable into ecological and sampling effort processes that jointly generate occurrence …

Scaling biodiversity monitoring for the data age

Sara Beery, (2021) XRDS: Crossroads, The ACM Magazine for Students

Technological advances have made it possible to collect massive amounts of biodiversity data. How can analysis efforts keep up?

Contrasting patterns of phylogenetic diversity and alpine specialization across the alpine flora of the American mountain range system

Hector Fox Figueroa, Hannah E. Marx, Maria Beatriz de Souza Cortez, Charles J. Grady, Nicholas J. Engle-Wrye, ... - (2021) Alpine Botany

Although mountainous habitats contribute substantially to global biodiversity, comparatively little is known about biogeographic patterns of distributions of alpine species across multiple mountain ranges. Here, we present a detailed analysis of the distributions and phylogenetic affinities of alpin…

Ecomorphological divergence and lack of gene flow in two sympatric Balkan slow worms (Squamata: Anguidae)

Evanthia Thanou, Vassilis Kypraios-Skrekas, Panagiotis Kornilios, Sinos Giokas, (2021) Biological Journal of the Linnean Society

The slow-worm lizards of the genus Anguis show significant morphological, behavioural and ecological uniformity owing to their limbless, elongated bodies and semifossorial lifestyle. This makes the delimitation of species challenging. Five monophyletic, deeply divergent and mostly parapatric mitocho…

Distribution and Potential Limiting Factors of the European Pond Turtle (Emys orbicularis) in Eastern Europe

Oksana Nekrasova, Oleksii Marushchak, Mihails Pupins, Arturs Skute, Volodymyr Tytar, (2021) Diversity

In order to use an integrated approach for studying the influence of risk factors on the distribution of the native turtle species E. orbicularis and accompanying invasive species (T. scripta and N. procyonoides) in the northeast of their range, we used GIS modelling and a database (GAEZ, human foot…

Testing consistency of modelled predictions of the impact of climate change on bats

Natasha E. McGowan, Niamh Roche, Tina Aughney, Jason Flanagan, Paul Nolan, ... - (2021) Climate Change Ecology

Species Distribution Models (SDMs) are a cornerstone of climate change conservation research but temporal extrapolations into future climate scenarios cannot be verified until later this century. One way of assessing the robustness of projections is to compare their consistency between different mod…

Bayesian Skyline Plots disagree with range size changes based on Species Distribution Models for Holarctic birds

Eleanor F. Miller, Rhys E. Green, Andrew Balmford, Pierpaolo Maisano Delser, Robert Beyer, ... - (2021) Molecular Ecology

During the Quaternary, large climate oscillations impacted the distribution and demography of species globally. Two approaches have played a major role in reconstructing changes through time: Bayesian Skyline Plots (BSPs), which reconstruct population fluctuations based on genetic data, and Species …

Sampling biases shape our view of the natural world

Alice C. Hughes, Michael C. Orr, Keping Ma, Mark J. Costello, John Waller, ... - (2021) Ecography

Spatial patterns of biodiversity are inextricably linked to their collection methods, yet no synthesis of bias patterns or their consequences exists. As such, views of organismal distribution and the ecosystems they make up may be incorrect, undermining countless ecological and evolutionary studies.…

Gaps in DNA sequence libraries for Macaronesian marine macroinvertebrates imply decades till completion and robust monitoring

Pedro E. Vieira, Ana S. Lavrador, Manuela I. Parente, Paola Parretti, Ana C. Costa, ... - (2021) Diversity and Distributions

Aim: DNA metabarcoding has great potential to improve biomonitoring in island's marine ecosystems, which are highly vulnerable to global change and non-indigenous species (NIS) introductions. However, the depth and accuracy of the taxonomic identifications are mainly dependent on reference libraries…

Assessing the Geographical Structure of Species Richness Data with Interactive Graphics

P. Morgades, A. Slingsby, J. Moat, (2021) Workshop on Visualisation in Environmental Sciences (EnvirVis) (2021)

Understanding species richness is an important aspect of biodiversity studies and conservation planning, but varying collection effort often results in insufficient data to have a complete picture of species richness. Species accumulation curves can help assess collection completeness of species ric…

Greenland's thaw pushes the biodiversity crisis

Carolina Ureta, Santiago Ramirez-Barahona, Oscar Calderon-Bustamante, Pedro Cruz-Santiago, Carlos Gay-Garcia, ... - (2021) bioRxiv

Anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions have led to sustained global warming over the last decades1. This is already reshaping the distribution of biodiversity across the world and can lead to the occurrence of large-scale singular events, such as the melting of polar ice sheets2,3. The potential imp…

A forgotten subspecies of the land snail species Arianta arbustorum from a Pleistocene refuge in the Western Alps

Bernhard Hausdorf, Frank Walther, (2021) Journal of Molluscan Studies

Alpine Arianta populations from the Biellese Alps in Italy are characterized by imperforate, thin-shelled, dark brown shells without or with sparse light spots that resemble widespread phenotypes of Arianta arbustorum arbustorum found in calcium-deficient areas. Therefore, they were not considered a…

Biologically meaningful distribution models highlight the benefits of the Paris Agreement for demersal fishing targets in the North Atlantic Ocean

Manuel Ramos Martins, Jorge Assis, David Abecasis, (2021) Global Ecology and Biogeography

Aim: With climate change challenging marine biodiversity and resource management, it is crucial to anticipate future latitudinal and depth shifts under contrasting global change scenarios to support policy-relevant biodiversity impact assessments [e.g., Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPC…

A habitat class to land cover translation model for mapping Area of Habitat of terrestrial vertebrates

Maria Lumbierres, Prabhat Raj Dahal, Moreno Di Marco, Stuart H. M. Butchart, Paul F. Donald, (2021) bioRxiv

Area of Habitat (AOH) is defined as the ‘habitat available to a species, that is, habitat within its range’ and is produced by subtracting areas of unsuitable land cover and elevation from the range. Habitat associations are documented using the IUCN Habitats Classification Scheme, and unvalidated e…

A new record of ascidiella scabra (Müller, 1776) (ascidiacea, phlebobranchia) in the southwestern atlantic

Diego R. Giménez, Anabela Taverna, Marco Meloni, Nancy Correa, Francisco Sylvester, (2021) Check List

Non-indigenous ascidians are transported across oceans in vessel-hull fouling communities, and regional traffic plays a role in their secondary spread. We found the ascidian Ascidiella scabra (Müller, 1776) in the hull-fouling community of an oceanographic vessel confined to waters of the south…

Global earthworm distribution and activity windows based on soil hydromechanical constraints

Siul A. Ruiz, Samuel Bickel, Dani Or, (2021) Communications Biology

Earthworm activity modifies soil structure and promotes important hydrological ecosystem functions for agricultural systems. Earthworms use their flexible hydroskeleton to burrow and expand biopores. Hence, their activity is constrained by soil hydromechanical conditions that permit deformation at e…

Manuscript in preparation (title pending)

Ange-Marie GONROUDOBOU, (2021)

(no abstract available)

Modelling potential Pleistocene habitat corridors between Afromontane forest regions

Kaitlin E. Allen, Walter P. Tapondjou, Benedictus Freeman, Jacob C. Cooper, Rafe M. Brown, (2021) Biodiversity and Conservation

The unusually high floral and faunal similarity between the different regions of the Afromontane archipelago has been noted by biogeographers since the late 1800s. A possible explanation for this similarity is the spread of montane habitat into the intervening lowlands during the glacial periods of …

A picture is worth a thousand words: using digital tools to visualize marine invertebrate diversity data along the coasts of Mozambique and São Tomé &…

Henrique Niza, Marta Bento, Luis Lopes, Alexandra Cartaxana, Alexandra Correia, (2021)

The amount of biological data available in online repositories is increasing at an exponential rate. However, data on marine invertebrate biodiversity resources are still sparse and scattered in these countries. Online repositories are useful instruments for biodiversity research, as they …

Dynamics and predicted distribution of an irrupting ‘sleeper’ population: fallow deer in Tasmania

Calum Cunningham, George L W Perry, David Bowman, David M Forsyth, Michael M Driessen, ... - (2021) Research Square

Sleeper populations of non-native species can remain at low abundance for decades before irrupting. For over a century, fallow deer ( Dama dama ) in the island state of Tasmania, Australia, remained at low abundance and close to the region in which they were released. Recently, there are indications…