507 citations

Projected bioclimatic distributions in Nearctic Bovidae signal the potential for reduced overlap with protected areas

Christian John, Eric Post, (2022) Ecology and Evolution

Assumptions about factors such as climate in shaping species' realized and potential distributions underlie much of conservation planning and wildlife management. Climate and climatic change lead to shifts in species distributions through both direct and indirect ecological pressures. Distributional…

The Paleoecology of High-Elevation Bison in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem and Implications for Modern Bison Conservation

Darian Bouvier, (2022) Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The national mammal of the United States, the American Bison (Bison bison) was once nearly extinct. Populations have recovered to the degree that thousands roam the Great Plains today. Due to their large numbers and body size, this species has an oversized impact on the ecological communities where …

Spatiotemporal influences of climate and humans on muskox range dynamics over multiple millennia

Stuart C Brown, Elisabetta Canteri, Damien A Fordham, Rasmus Heller, David Nogues-Bravo, (2022) Global Change Biology

Processes leading to range contractions and population declines of Arctic megafauna during the late Pleistocene and early‐Holocene are uncertain, with intense debate on the roles of human hunting, climatic change, and their synergy. Obstacles to a resolution, have included an over reliance on correl…

A strategy to assess spillover risk of bat SARS-related coronaviruses in Southeast Asia

Cecilia A. Sánchez, Hongying Li, Kendra L. Phelps, Carlos Zambrana-Torrelio, Lin-Fa Wang, ... - (2022) Nature Communications

Emerging diseases caused by coronaviruses of likely bat origin (e.g., SARS, MERS, SADS, COVID-19) have disrupted global health and economies for two decades. Evidence suggests that some bat SARS-related coronaviruses (SARSr-CoVs) could infect people directly, and that their spillover is more frequen…

GBIF globe

Guillaume Larocque, (2022)

GBIF occurrences heatmap on a 3d globe.

Sclerochronological records of environmental variability and bivalve growth in the Pacific Arctic

David J. Reynolds, Vanessa R. von Biela, Kenneth H. Dunton, David C. Douglas, Bryan A. Black, (2022) Progress in Oceanography

The Pacific Arctic region has experienced, and is projected to continue experiencing, rapid climate change. Large uncertainties exist in our understanding of the impact these physical changes have on the region’s ecology. This is, in part, due to the lack of long-term data. Here we investigate bival…

Reptile richness and genetic divergence patterns were shaped by current and past climate in and around the Irano‐Anatolian global biodiversity hotspot…

Anooshe Kafash, Michaël P J Nicolaï, Masoud Yousefi, (2022) Diversity and Distributions

Aim The Irano-Anatolian biodiversity hotspot is among the least-known biodiversity hotspots on earth. In this study, we aim to map the richness and genetic divergence of lizards in the biodiversity hotspot and its surrounding areas and identify the most important determinants of the richness and gen…

More than half of data deficient species predicted to be threatened by extinction

Jan Borgelt, Martin Dorber, Marthe Alnes Høiberg, Francesca Verones, (2022) Communications Biology

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species is essential for practical and theoretical efforts to protect biodiversity. However, species classified as “Data Deficient” (DD) regularly mislead practitioners due to their uncertain extinction risk. Here we present machine learning-derived probabilities of b…

Regional variation in responses of a vulnerable bird species to land‐use and climate change

Ana Claudia Almeida, Mauricio Almeida-Gomes, Clinton N Jenkins, Quezia Ramalho, Luara Tourinho, (2022) Biotropica

Climate and land‐use changes are expected to negatively affect many species and ecological processes, leading to biodiversity loss. However, some species can adapt to these changes. Wide‐ranging species are expected to be less impacted by such changes, but they can occur in different domains with co…

From the Balkan towards Western Europe: Range expansion of the golden jackal ( Canis aureus )—A climatic niche modeling approach

Sarah Cunze, Sven Klimpel, (2022) Ecology and Evolution

In recent decades, a rapid range expansion of the golden jackal (Canis aureus) towards Northern and Western Europe has been observed. The golden jackal is a medium‐sized canid, with a broad and flexible diet. Almost 200 different parasite species have been reported worldwide from C. aureus, includin…

Climate Ecology as a Driver of Global Breeding Periods in Anurans

Bryan H Juarez, Lauren A O'Connell, (2022) bioRxiv

Climate can have profound effects on reproductive behavior and physiology, especially in ectothermic animals. In amphibians, the evolution of breeding period due to climate has received little attention despite its direct connection to fitness and relevance to amphibian conservation. We used phyloge…

Amazona farinosa

BirdLife International, (2022) IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

(no abstract available)

Touit melanonotus

BirdLife International, (2022) IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

(no abstract available)

Triclaria malachitacea

BirdLife International, (2022) IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

(no abstract available)

Enicognathus leptorhynchus

BirdLife International, (2022) IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

(no abstract available)

Strong phylogenetic signals in global plant bioclimatic envelopes

Neil Brummitt, Christina A Cobbold, Claire Harris, Richard Reeve, (2022) Global Ecology and Biogeography

Aim The environmental preferences of species are an important facet of their response to changing conditions, and these have long been thought to exhibit phylogenetic conservatism. However, these bioclimatic envelopes have not previously been imputed from climate records at the date and location of …

Intertidal sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) from the west coast of the Peninsula of Baja California, Mexico

AURORA VASSALLO-AVALOS, RICARDO GONZÁLEZ-MUÑOZ, FABIÁN H. ACUÑA, ITZEL ITTAÍ CERVANTES-RAMÍREZ, GERARDO RIVAS, (2022) Zootaxa

Nine species of sea anemones are documented from the west coast of the Peninsula of Baja California. Short descriptions of Anthopleura artemisia (Pickering in Dana, 1846), A elegantissima (Brandt, 1835), A. sola Pearse & Francis, 2000 and Epiactis prolifera Verrill, 1869 are provided, including imag…

Range-wide and regional distribution of the Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus and effects of disturbance on local abundances

Akbar Shah, Amjad Rashid Kayani, Flora Ihlow, Muhammad Sajid Nadeem, Tariq Mahmood, ... - (2022) Bird Conservation International

Summary The Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus is endemic to the Western Himalayas and currently listed as ‘Vulnerable’ on the IUCN Red List which also emphasizes a data deficiency regarding its distribution and population size. With this study we provide new data from the Palas Valley, nor…

On the edge of the Shivaliks: An insight into the origin and taxonomic position of Pakistani toads from the Duttaphrynus melanostictus complex (Amphib…

Daniel Jablonski, Rafaqat Masroor, Sylvia Hofmann, (2022) Zoosystematics and Evolution

AbstractThe common Asian toad Duttaphrynusmelanostictus (Schneider, 1799) complex has a wide distribution ranging from western foothills of the Himalaya to the easternmost range of the Wallacea, with the evidence of human-mediated introductions to some other areas. In the entire distribution range, …

Are Pacific Chorus Frogs (Pseudacris regilla) Resistant to Tetrodotoxin (TTX)? Characterizing Potential TTX Exposure and Resistance in an Ecological A…

K. O. Montana, V. Ramirez Castaneda, R. D. Tarvin, V. Ramirez-Castaneda, R. D. Tarvin, (2022) bioRxiv

Animals that frequently encounter toxins often select for mechanisms of toxin resistance. Both predators that consume toxic prey and organisms in physical contact with a toxin or pollutant in their environment may experience natural selection for resistance. Based on field observations that Pacific …

Three quarters of insects are insufficiently covered by protected areas

Shawan Chowdhury, Myron Zalucki, Jeffrey Hanson, Sarin Tiatragul, David Green, ... - (2022)

Insects dominate the biosphere, driving ecosystem processes and functions that sustain humanity, yet insect populations are plummeting worldwide1. Massive conservation efforts will be needed to halt and reverse these declines2,3. Protected areas (PAs) could play a decisive role in safeguarding insec…

Urban affinity and its associated traits: a global analysis of bats

Yuval Itescu, Jonathan M Jeschke, Christian C Voigt, Janis M Wolf, (2022) Global Change Biology

Urbanisation is a major contributor to the loss of biodiversity. Its rapid progress is mostly at the expense of natural ecosystems and the species inhabiting them. While some species can adjust quickly and thrive in cities, many others cannot. To support biodiversity conservation and guide managemen…

Into the New World: first report of introduction of the Portuguese millipede Ommatoiulus moreleti (Lucas, 1860) (Julida: Julidae) in South America and…

Luiz F. M. Iniesta, Antonio D. Brescovit, Dirceu G. A. Júnior, Rodrigo S. Bouzan, (2022) Annales de la Société entomologique de France (N.S.)

The Portuguese millipede Ommatoiulus moreleti (Lucas, 1860) is widespread by commerce in Atlantic Islands, Australia, and South Africa, besides being regarded as a pest infesting plantations of vegetables and fruits. To date, the species has never been recorded in South America. In this study, we re…

Comparison between optimized MaxEnt and random forest modeling in predicting potential distribution: A case study with Quasipaa boulengeri in China

Ziyi Zhao, Nengwen Xiao, Mei Shen, Junsheng Li, (2022) Science of The Total Environment

Random forest (RF) and MaxEnt models are shallow machine learning approaches that perform well in predicting species' potential distributions. RF models can produce robust results with the default automatic configuration in most cases, but it is necessary for MaxEnt to optimize the model settings to…

Divergent roles of herbivory in eutrophying forests

Josiane Segar, Henrique Pereira, Lander Baeten, Markus Bernhardt-Römermann, Pieter De Frenne, ... - (2022) Research Square

Abstract Ungulate herbivore populations are increasing across Europe with important implications for forest plant communities. Concurrently, atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition continues to eutrophy forests, threatening many rare plant species. These pressures may critically interact to shape biodiv…