(1996) NODC Taxonomic Code
Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner (1987) Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada: Resource Publication, no. 166
Grinder, Martha I., Paul R. Krausman, and Robert S. Hoffmann (2006) Equus asinus: Mammalian Species, no. 794
Groves, Colin, and Peter Grubb (2011) Ungulate Taxonomy
International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (2003) OPINION 2027 (Case 3010): Usage of 17 specific names based on wild species which are pre-dated by or contemporary with those based on domestic animals (Lepidoptera, Osteichthyes, Mammalia): conserved: Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, vol. 60, part 1
Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. (1992) Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. (2005) Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2
Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole (2000) Common Names of Mammals of the World
GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. doi:10.15468/39omei
Accessed via http://www.gbif.org/species/2440891 on 2016-06-26
CC BY 3.0
This backbone name usage is included because it was found in another checklist at the time the backbone was built. The primary source name usage (110935072) has since been removed from the portal.
This record was last modified on Apr 13, 2016.