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GBIF GNA Profile Reference Guide for Darwin Core Archive, Core Terms and Extensions


This document represents an overview of the terms and data structure proposed as a
simple, text-based data format to support the free and open exchange of annotated
species checklists and taxonomic catalogues.


Remsen D.P., Döring, M, Robertson, T.


GBIF Secretariat, Monday, April 11, 2011

Target audience

Biologists, taxonomists, and data administrators


The Darwin Core is body of standards. It includes a glossary of terms (in other contexts these might be called properties, elements, fields, columns, attributes, or concepts) intended to facilitate the sharing of information about biological diversity by providing reference definitions, examples, and commentaries. The Darwin Core is primarily based on taxa, their occurrence in nature as documented by observations, specimens, and samples, and related information. This document presents a complete reference list of the Darwin Core Taxon Class and the set of extensions and recommended vocabularies that are identified as the ‘GNA Profile.’

Bibliographic citation

GBIF (2010). GBIF GNA Profile Reference Guide for Darwin Core Archives, version 1.2, released on 15 March 2012, (contributed by Remsen D.P., Döring, M, Robertson, T.), Copenhagen: Global Biodiversity Information Facility, 28 pp,. Accessible at


This document is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License

Rights holder

GBIF Secretariat