The Maxent software is based on the maximum-entropy approach for species habitat modeling. This software takes as input a set of layers or environmental variables (such as elevation, precipitation, etc.), as well as a set of georeferenced occurrence locations, and produces a model of the range of the given species.
The model for a species is determined from a set of environmental or climate layers (or "coverages") for a set of grid cells in a landscape, together with a set of sample locations where the species has been observed. The model expresses the suitability of each grid cell as a function of the environmental variables at that grid cell. A high value of the function at a particular grid cell indicates that the grid cell is predicted to have suitable conditions for that species. The computed model is a probability distribution over all the grid cells. The distribution chosen is the one that has maximum entropy subject to some constraints: it must have the same expectation for each feature (derived from the environmental layers) as the average over sample locations.
Phillips, S., Dudik, M. & Schapire, R., 2010, “Maxent Software, ver. 3.3.3e”.
This software may be freely downloaded and used for all educational
and research activities. This software may not be used for any
commercial or for-profit purposes. The software is provided "as-is",
and does not come with any warranty or guarantee of any kind. The
software may not be further distributed.
Phillips, S., Dudik, M. & Schapire, R.