SANBI has been banking DNA samples for target groups (plants and herps). The size of these banks has grown considerably in the last few years to 4900 plant extracts and approximately 6000 herp (reptiles and amphibians) tissues.
The South African National Diatom Collection (SANDC) contains many thousands of records pertaining to the distribution and abundance of the diatom species of southern Africa. These records carry intrinsic value as they describe the occurrence and distribution of endemic southern African species as well as proving valuable for the hind-casting of water quality in rivers and streams around South Africa.
The Arthropoda collection is an outstanding resource in terms of biodiversity conservation, biosystematics perspective, economic importance and medical and veterinary research.Approximately 35000 data records of individual specimens.
The National Collection Of Fungi(NCF), established in 1905, houses all dried fungus reference material of South Africa; due to continuous scientific collaboration, the collection includes specimens from America, Asia and African countries.
The Iziko SA Museum’s marine invertebrate collection is one of the largest and most comprehensive in Africa, and as such is an important collection for marine invertebrate systematists. The collection comprises ~130,000 lots of specimens (including un-accessioned material). Eleven hand-written catalogues exist for marine invertebrates dating back to 1871 and includes 76,184 entries.
The National Collection of Nematodes (NCN) housed at the ARC-Plant Protection Research Institute (ARC-PPRI) contains vast amounts of specimen data. lThe South African Plant Parasitic Nematode Survey (SAPPNS) was launched in 1987 with the first records captured in 1988. The second phase of this programme was launched in 2006 when digitization of the specimen collection started. The NCN consists of the National Collection of Nematodes, the Juan Heyns Collection and the Meloidogyne collection.
The Chalcidoidea database has been compiled over the past decade and contains entries from the holdings of all 18 families of this superfamily in the ARC National Collection of Insects (NCI), Pretoria. This work formed the last stage needed to complete the entering of historical data, which will result in a database with approximately 12 000 records. The activities of the proposed project were three-fold: capturing of new records pertaining to the families Encyrtidae and Aphelinidae; the verification of previously digitized entries; and the data cleaning of all entries. All database entries contain invaluable information of hosts, host plants and distribution of Afrotropical Chalcidoidea wi…
PRECIS (National Herbarium Pretoria (PRE) Computerised Information System) is based at the National Herbarium in Pretoria. The mission of PRECIS is to develop, maintain, and expand an electronic database system on southern African plants (the region south of the Limpopo and Kunene Rivers) to provide an efficient customer-driven information service and to produce electronic and publishable products.
The Lesley Hill Laboratory is the main facility for SANBI's Molecular Ecology and Evolution Program (MEEP). The laboratory also houses a national DNA bank for plants, and a tissue bank for South African reptiles in connection with the Southern African Reptile Conservation Assessment.
As of end 2008, the database comprised details of over 2 000 animal tissue accessions and close to 5 000 plant accessions.
The Southern African Bird Atlas Project started in July 2007, so it has been running for almost three and a half years. To date, over 800 SABAP2 atlasers have collected more than two million records of bird distribution from more than 75% of the quarter degree grid cells in the SABAP2 region. Most of the SABAP1 data were collected in the period 1987–1991, 20 years ago. The SABAP1 database contains seven million records. One of the SABAP2 objectives is to see how the distributions of the bird species occurring in South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland have changed over the past two decades.
The Cape Floristic Region is one of the world's six floral kindoms, yet its phenomenal floral diversity is under extreme threat and more than 17 species have gone extinct in the past few decades. 72% of South Africa's threatened plants are found in this area. This resource contains 965 rare and threatened species.