The Goeldi Museum ornithological collection is the second largest in Brazil and the largest bird collection in the world for Amazonian birds, with a good representation of all Amazonian areas of endemism, and also the Caatinga and Cerrado biomes in northeastern and central Brazil, respectively.
O Acervo de Herpetologia do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, possui atualmente 95.255 exemplares de anfíbios e répteis, principalmente da região Amazônica. São 58.548 exemplares de répteis e 36.707 exemplares de anfíbios. A coleção de Répteis está representada, na sua grande Maioria pelos répteis squamatas (57.140). Os indivíduos são preservados na grande maioria em via úmida (Álcool), contando também com alguns indivíduos em via seco, como é o caso das carapaças e esqueletos dos quelônios. o Acervo Conta também com Amostras de Tecido.
The ichthyological collection of the Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi has over 30,000 lots of fishes, Neotropical coverage, most emphatically representative of the Amazon Basin. Comprise individuals of Chondrichthyes, Actinopterygii and Sarcopterygii intact, preserved in 70% alcohol, or prepared for dry or diaphanized skeleton. Metal cabinets are available for type material (holotypes and paratypes). The entire collection is housed in two rooms of 192m2 each, with walls insulated, air-conditioned for seven Split 60,000 Btu type apparatus. There are also three tanks (3mx1, 5mx1m) in concrete with steel cap and rubber seal to receive large individuals.
Occur in tropical and semitropical regions, and some species are distributed in desert regions, but also in grasslands and forests. There are more than 1,000 described species of Solifugae in approximately 140 genera and 12 families, distributed by America, Africa, southern Europe and southwest Asia (Rock, 2002). Solifuges animals are rare, even in suitable habitats its abundance is contemplated to be low.
Acari is the most diverse order of arachnids, with over 45,000 described species. They are among the smallest arachnids, where the majority of adults ranges from 0.25 to 0.75 mm long and can be even smaller. Numerous species of mites are medically important because they cause diseases in humans, and parasitarem domestic animals and crops. They can also be found in aquatic environments, freshwater and waterfront.
During the day are found resting beneath woods, stones and other objects which you dig tunnels, and are usually active in the late afternoon and evening. Have the ability to spray as a defense a caustic mixture of vinegar and other organic components through anal glands. In the world there are about 100 described species in 16 genera. In the Americas there are three genera and 15 species recorded.
Scorpions have world wide geographical distribution, are more common in tropical and subtropical areas, not only occurring in Antarctica. Can occupy desert regions, tropical forests and all sorts of intermediate vegetation. Some species inhabit caves and few occur in the intertidal zone. Some species require very specific environmental conditions, and thus its distribution is limited to narrow areas. Are currently known about 1500 species in 165 genera (Lawrence, 2002). About 800 species are known in the Neotropics, these, approximately 100 occur in Brazil (Lawrence, 2002).
Schizomids are usually found in leaf litter in moist areas or under rocks and logs, some species occur in caves and other species live associated with termites and ants. Are currently divided into two families, Protoschizomidae and Hubbardiidae: the first is restricted to the southeastern U.S. and Mexico and contains 11 species, while Hubbardiidae has a worldwide distribution and contains more than 180 described species (Cokendolpher & Reddel, 2002). The schizomids fauna of South America is poorly known, with only 27 species recorded in South America (Addis, 2002).
Are small inhabitants of the litter and soil of forests. The group was once considered quite rare, but the application of appropriate techniques for its capture has become the most frequent description of new species in recent years. The ricinuleid have extremely thick cuticle and habits of slow locomotion (Platnick, 2002), which makes your viewing rather limited in active collections, as immobile, to be confused with the substrate they occupy. Species Ricinulei seem conservative, with very similar external morphology (Tourinho & Saturnino, 2010) and some species give the impression of a morphological mosaic of different species.
Are harmless arachnids cryptic and nocturnal habits of most species. Usually live under logs, stones, leaves and litter, buried or in bromeliads on leaves and stems or roots of living plants, and may also inhabit caves. Are highly diverse and abundant in tropical regions of the world, with 6,476 species (Kury, 2011). Are very sensitive animals that have a high degree of endemism and limited dispersal ability, thus being a group with high potential for extinction. The Neotropics has the largest percentage of the world's wealth of harvestmen (57%) of which 41% are in Brazil (938 species).
It is the second most diverse group within the Arachnida, having over 44 thousand species, 3924 genera and 112 families described (Platnick, 2014). However, estimates indicate that this diversity is even higher, ranging 80-170 thousand species. The spiders are distributed throughout the world and has won all environments except the air and the open sea. According to Coddington & Levi (1991), Araneae is currently one of the megadiverse orders whose taxonomic classification is best-understood. The taxonomic and phylogenetic knowledge Araneae has grown considerably over the past three decades.
The amblypygids have long pedipalps raptoriais with sharp thorns, making them somewhat scary for the general public to associate the poisonous and dangerous species. However, they are harmless. They occupy tropical and subtropical forests, and some species are adapted to live in deserts and caves. The biology and natural history of amblypygids are poorly known. The last review conducted in 2003 by Baptista & Giupponi (2003) reports the existence of eight species described from Brazil.