The collection of cnidarians, comprising about 80 000 lots, combines old specimens from all oceans. These specimens are preserved in either alcohol, dry, as slides, or in a separate herbaria for some hydroids and sea fans.
The oldest specimens (1706-1707) of Hydroids and Octocorallia of the collection are preserved in herbaria made by Sébastien Vaillant. The story is revealed on the label and recalls the big names such as Peron and Lesueur; Savigny; Jean-Baptiste Lamarck; Quoy and Gaimard; Valenciennes; and H. Milne-Edwards and Haime. Generations of scientists have enriched the collection, thanks to naturalist expeditions like that of Egypt (1800-1804), Baudin on the western coast of Austr…
The collection of mammals of the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (MNHN) started during the XVIIIth century. The collection consists of skeletons (mounted or not), skins (mounted or not), casts, specimens or organs in fluid (alcohol or formalin), and tissues, belonging to different classes and orders.
The database ZAC (acronym for “Zoology, Comparative anatomy”) exists since 2010. It is the result of the merger of MAMMALIA (former collection of “Zoologie, Mammifères et Oiseaux”) and ANATOMIC (former collection of “Anatomie comparée”). For many groups, computerization is at a preliminary stage, and most entries have not yet been proofed for errors or verified against the collections. Acr…
The collection of mammals of the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (MNHN) started during the XVIIIth century. The collection grows regularly with specimens collected during scientific expeditions and animals from zoological parks (Zoo de Vincennes, Ménagerie du Jardin des Plantes, Parc de la Haute-Touche) or care centers.
The collection is constituted by skeletons (mounted or not), skins (mounted or not), casts, specimens or organs in fluid (alcohol or formalin), and tissues.
The database ZAC (acronym for “Zoology, Comparative anatomy”) exists since 2010. It is the result of the merger of MAMMALIA (former collection of “Zoologie, Mammifères et Oiseaux”) and ANATOMIC (former collection of…
This dataset is the databased part of the Lepidoptera from the entomological collections of the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris).
At the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, the Lepidoptera collection gathers over 3 million specimens: ca. 1 million Rhopalocera (butterflies) and over 2 million Heterocera (moths). Essentially, these are pinned (dried) imagos but the collections also hold caterpillars (“blown” larvae or material preserved in alcohol), as well as a set of over 95.000 “genitalia” preparations. Amongst these collections, one can mention some particularly important ones: Mrs Fournier de Horrack, composed of precious exotical Rhopalocera, the type collection (…
This dataset is the databased part of the Araneae from the terrestrial arthopods collections of the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (Paris).
The spider collection of the Museum is amongst the most important in the world (along with those of London and New York). The specimens come from around the world. They are mainly preserved in 75% alcohol in glass jars with some preparations on microscope slides. All specimens whether or not the types are located in two places: a large general reserve of the Museum, the zoothÃ¨que, and a smaller reserve in a research building. About 26,000 species of spiders, some 12,000 types (mixed in the entire collection) are represented in the Museum…
This dataset is the databased part of the Apterygota part of the entomological collections of the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris).
The Apterygota (primarily wingless Hexapoda) collection includes the Collembola, Protura, Diplura, Zygentoma and Archeognatha (=Microcoryphia) collections. The two later groups were formerly known as the Thysanura. Several hundred thousand specimens are stored in the collections with over 50 000 microscopical slides and specimens in alcohol jars. There are about a thousand type specimens. The Apterygota collectionhas been built on merging several legacy and working collections from Denis, Delamare-Deboutteville, Thibaud, Betsch, Massoud, Na…
This dataset is the databased part of the Diptera from the entomological collections of the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris).
The Diptera collection of MNHN is divided into a general collection, classified into families, and separate nominal collections. The heart of the collection is composed of two historical nominal collections: Meigen and Macquart, both dating from the nineteenth century; they contain about 5,000 holotypes. In total the collection contains 2.5 million specimens, 8000 holotypes and about 30,000 species or 20% of the described Diptera. All biogeographic regions are represented.
This dataset is the databased part of the Hemiptera from the entomological collections of the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris).
Alongside to the Thysanoptera, the Hemiptera collection is organized in 4 large units: Sternorrhyncha, Fulgoromorpha, Cicadomorpha and Heteroptera. The general collection is completed by nominal collections (Bagnall, Bergevin, Cohic, Dlabola, Mamet, Goux, Noualhier, Puton, Ribaut, Sorin…). This set, gathering over 7 million specimens and including 7.000 holotypes, is one of the asset of the Muséum entomological collection. From 30 to 70% of the 100.000 species described can be found in the collection, constituting therefore a major primary taxo…
This dataset is the databased part of the Hymenoptera from the entomological collections of the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris).
The Hymenoptera collection holds about 1 million specimens, out of which 6000 are types (the oldest being from Fabricius and Latreille) ; 95 % are stored pinned, the other being either in alcool (mostly Formicidae), or in microscopical preparations. The collection consists of 9 sections: Apoidea apiformes (21 % of the specimens), Apoidea spheciformes (8 %), Vespoidea (22 %), Formicidae (10 %), Chrysidoidea (2 %), Ichneumonoidea (20 %), Chalcidoidea (6 %), others Parasitica (4 %) and Symphytes (7 %). The collection also includes 30 authors’ co…
Established in the second half of the 19th century, the MNHN’s collections of myriapods and onychophorans are still stored as one collection, mostly for historical and practical reasons.
The myriapods section is a major collection for myriapodology worldwide, all the groups it includes, and its history. The material comes from all around the world and belongs to the classes Pauropoda (2 extant orders), Symphyla, Chilopoda (5 extant orders) and Diplopoda (16 extant orders), collected from most of the terrestrial ecosystems. About 5000 species of myriapods are represented in the collections, including a high number of historical samples. The myriapods collection comprises 300 000 to 400 000 …
This dataset is the databased part of the Scorpiones from the terrestrial arthropods collections of the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris).
The MNHN scorpion collection is one of the most important in the world, due to a long tradition of work on this group at the museum. The collection began to be formed towards the middle of the 19th century and still contains types of some species described from this period by authors like Audouin, Savigny, Gervais and Guérin-Ménéville. The collection was considerably augmented during the period 1880‒1910 by E. Simon, who described numerous species either collected by himself or received through his extensive network of correspondents. Du…
The Orthoptera collection is part of the Polyneoptera collection of the MNHN, which includes Orthoptera, Dictyoptera, Dermaptera and Phasmatodea, together with a diverse assemblage of so-called “small orders” (Embioptera, Psocoptera, Plecoptera, Zoraptera, Ephemeroptera and Trichoptera). The Polyneoptera collection has been assembled continuously since the beginning of the XIXth century, through the activity of many French and foreign Entomologists. At the beginning of 2012, it includes some 935 000 specimens, mostly dried and pinned, including 29 000 identified types, and incorporates regularly 2 to 3 000 specimens per year, including a variable number of new type specimens. Orthoptera rep…
Catalog of all fish catalogued in the collection of the Museum national d'histoire naturelle (MNHN) including dry specimens, otolith, tissus sample.
The catalog include also the french type-specimens from the Muséum d'histoire naturelle de Lyon, the Muséum d'histoire naturelle de La Rochelle, the Musée océanographique de Monaco, the Musée zoologique de Strasbourg and the Université Claude Bernard Lyon I.
GICIM was originally created in 1982 (J.DAGET and J.-C. HUREAU).
The national collection of parasitic nematodes, established in the 19th century,
has developed since 1960 and its present diversity makes it one of the top three collections in the world.
For parasites of vertebrates, it covers all groups of Secernentea (clades III, IV, V): Rhadiasides, Cosmocercides, Ascarides,
Oxyurida, Spirurides, Trichostrongles, Metastrongles etc., while Adenophorea groups (clade I), are well represented
(Trichinelloidea) or rare (Muspiceoidea) in the collection.
For the arthopod parasites, Oxyurida and Rhigonematides make up the bulk of the collection.
The Tylenchida and Mermithida are less well represented, as are the parasites of oligochaetes and molluscs.
The collection of Reptiles and Amphibians of the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle started in the early 19th century and has handwritten catalogues that date from 1864. The records in the Reptile and Amphiphibian database were transcribed from these catalogues. Most entries have not yet been checked for errors or verified against the collections. Thus there is a great heterogeneity in taxonomy and in geographical information. Beside the individual labelling system, the collection uses numbers to store specimens according to their specific name. This allows attaching to this number various historical names and the valid one. Locality names are written usually in French transliteration. Ou…
The database lists all the specimens or lots (9 000) of Tunicates housed in the Paris Museum.
It is the largest or second largest tunicate collection in the World, based on the number of specimens and the number of types.
All the specimens are identified to species. The collection is principally the result of the active research of two people
(Claude Monniot & Francoise Monniot) over the course of forty years.
The aim is to provide a general view of the echinoderm collection of the Paris Museum,
which is primarily a scientific collection.
The naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, one of the founders of the Theory of Evolution, was the
first to really establish the collection of echinoderms at the Paris Museum. There are both dry
and alcohol-preserved lots. Some sea cucumber specimens are preserved as microscopic preparations
on slides. The number of lots is estimated at 500,000, of which 0.4% are types. Echinoderms have
been collected in all oceans, at all latitudes. The largest numbers of specimens were collected
relatively recently in the Indo-West Pacific. Echinoderms l…
The collection covers all groups of crustaceans (except the very rare Remipedia and Tantulocarida).
Consisting of some 100 000 inventoried lots arranged in systematic order, and with about 6000 type specimens,
this collection is one of the richest in the world for its diversity. The collection was established before 1800
with the collections of the explorer naturalists (voyages of Bougainville, Savigny, Dumont D'Urville ...) and then continued,
notably with those of the Travailleur and the Talisman. The collection has benefited from the work of prestigious scientists
like Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, Latreille, H. and A. Milne-Edwards, and Chevreux.
The specimens, measuring 1 mm to over…
The collection of marine, terrestrial and freshwater molluscs is primarily a scientific but also a
historical and museological collection. It includes about 800 000 lots, totaling approximately 5 million specimens
from around the world. These specimens are preserved as either dry collection (dried animals, shells)
or in alcohol. The type collection contains 11 000 types of nominal species.
The collection dates back to Michel Adanson (shells of Senegal, 1757) and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck.
It then increased through donations of amateur collectors, institutional legacies and purchases, and the activity of scientists
from both the Museum and other institutions. This diversity of sources cont…
Two databases concern the bird collections of the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle de Paris.
The database AVES covers skins and mounted specimens, but the collection includes also eggs, nests and alcoholic preparations. Today, this collection numbers some 180 000 specimens, including approximately 2500 types. Search results follow Howard and Moore Checklist (updated to corrigenda) and taxonomic sequence. The upper geographical rank conforms to the ISO 3166-1 code. Undetermined locality does not necessarily mean that the information is no available, but that its validity has not yet been checked. This and others additional information are sometime accessible by consulting label photo…
The herbarium of the museum, referred to by code PC, includes a large number of important collections amongst its 2 000 000 cryptogams (algae, bryophyta, fungi and lichens) specimens. These collections are constitued by a general herbarium and numerous particular collections. Among these last, Allorge, Bescherelle, Bourdot & Galzin, Heim, Hue, Montagne, Romagnesi, Sauvageau, Thuret & Bornet herbaria.
The French National Herbarium, estimated at 8 million
preserved specimens from around the world,
but particularly in France, Francophone Africa, New Caledonia,
Madagascar, Southeast Asia, in French Guiana .
It also has important collections in light of the history of botany:
Tournefort, Jussieu, Lamarck, Adanson, and those of famous travelers
as Bonpland, Michaud, Saint-Hilaire, Richard, D'Orbigny etc.
The designation at CITES is FR 75A. It publishes Adansonia, a botanical
periodical, and journals on
the flora of New Caledonia, Madagascar and Comores, Cambodia, Laos and
Vietnam, Cameroon, and Gabon.
This database PALAEO concerns the fossil collections of the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle of Paris. It comprises information on all groups of animals, plants and microfossils, and on several preparations for anatomy / histology studies, and includes also ichnology records. These historical collections gathered from the beginning of the 18th century with the birth of palaeontology until now, shelter numerous type and figured fossil specimens and other which in total represent more than 7 million specimens housed in the MNHN, .
The PALAEO DB contains taxonomic information on the specimens, including bibliographical references. It contains also geographical and stratigraphical infor…