Conservation

Peer-reviewed publications using GBIF-mediated data to assist research on conservation, including threatened species and protected areas.

244 publications for Conservation

  • ARIDA, E., SETYAWATININGSIH, S., 2015.

    On the occurrence of Varanus nebulosus (Gray, 1831) (Squamata: Varanidae) on Riau Archipelago, Indonesia

    Zootaxa 3919(1) 197.

    The occurrence of Varanus nebulosus (Gray, 1831) on Sumatra still remains open for debates, while records are limited, especially those associated with a voucher specimen. The oldest record of V. nebulosus that is associated with a specimen, i.e. SMF 11554 is dated back to 1889 and presumably from Bengal (“Bengalen”), which now lies around Bangladesh. The specimen is kept at Senckenberg Museum Frankfurt (SMF) in Germany. We collected specimens from two islands in the Riau Archipelago, just west of Sumatra and provided new distribution data for this protected species of Monitor lizard in...

    Keywords: Squamata, Varanidae


  • Botello, F., Sarkar, S., Sánchez-Cordero, V., 2015.

    Impact of habitat loss on distributions of terrestrial vertebrates in a high-biodiversity region in Mexico

    Biological Conservation 184 59-65.

    Mexico is considered a country of biological megadiversity because of its exceptional species richness and endemism. However, much of Mexico’s biodiversity is under threat due to a variety of factors, in particular, habitat loss. The Mexican legal standard (Norma Oficial Mexicana; NOM-ECOL-059-2010) uses four criteria to analyze specieś extinction risk at a national scale. However, when prioritizing areas for biodiversity conservation it is also important to incorporate knowledge of the conservation status of species at a more localized scale (regional, state, or municipal levels) for...

    Keywords: Biodiversity, Deforestation, Distribution, Guerrero, Maximum entropy modeling, Protected areas


  • Cabrelli, A., Hughes, L., 2015.

    Assessing the vulnerability of Australian skinks to climate change

    Climatic Change.

    A framework for assessing species vulnerability to climate change was developed and applied to the largest family of reptiles in Australia, the scincid lizards (skinks). This framework integrated the projections of environmental niche models (ENMs) with an index of vulnerability based on the species’ ecological traits. We found vulnerability to be highly variable among species, suggesting that responses to climate change will be idiosyncratic, and identified a number of species that by virtue of their ecological traits and model projections may be at risk of significant range contractions in...

    Keywords: Biodiversity, Deforestation, Distribution, Guerrero, Maximum entropy modeling, Protected areas


  • Esperón-Rodríguez, M., Barradas, V., 2015.

    Comparing environmental vulnerability in the montane cloud forest of eastern Mexico: A vulnerability index

    Ecological Indicators 52 300-310.

    The montane cloud forest (MCF) is one of the most threatened ecosystems, in spite of its high strategic value for sustainable development, the role it plays in the hydrological cycle maintenance, and as reservoir of endemic biodiversity. For Mexico, this forest is considered the most threatened terrestrial ecosystem at national level because of land-use changes and the effects of global climate change. To compare and assess the environmental vulnerability in the MCF we measured two physiological traits (stomatal conductance and leaf water potential), four climate variables (air temperature,...

    Keywords: Air temperature, Envelope function method, Environmental vulnerability, Leaf water potential, Montane cloud forest, PAR, Photosynthetically active radiation, Potential distribution, RH, Stomatal conductance, TA, VPD, Vapor pressure deficit, Vulnerability index, air temperature, gS, leaf water potential, photosynthetically active radiation, relative humidity, stomatal conductance, vapor pressure deficit, Ψ


  • Fuller, P., Neilson, M., 2015.

    The U.S. Geological Survey’s Nonindigen ous Aquatic Species Da tabase: over thirty years of tracking introduced aquatic species in the Unit ed States (and counting)

    Management of Biological Invasions 6.

    The U.S. Geological Survey’s Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) Databa se has tracked introductions of freshwater aquatic organ isms in the United States for the past four decades. A website provides access to occurrence reports, distribution maps, and fact sheets fo r more than 1,000 species. The site also includes an on-line reporting system and an alert system for new occurrences. We provide an historical o verview of the database, a description of its current capabilities and functionality, and a basic characterization of the data contained withi n the database.

    Keywords: United States, aquatic species, database, trends


  • Gelviz-Gelvez, S., Pavón, N., Illoldi-Rangel, P., Ballesteros-Barrera, C., 2015.

    Ecological niche modeling under climate change to select shrubs for ecological restoration in Central Mexico

    Ecological Engineering 74 302-309.

    Shrub species were selected for potential use in restoration projects in the semiarid shrublands of Central Mexico. Ecological characteristics of the species were considered, including tolerance to climate change. Inventories of shrubs were carried out in 17 semiarid shrubland fragments of xeric shrubland. The 46 species recorded were ordered using a principal component analysis, considering ecological characteristics such as frequency, land cover, sociability and interaction with mycorrhizal fungi. From these, the 10 species that presented the highest values of the desired characteristics...

    Keywords: Degradation, Ecological attributes for restoration, Niche-base distribution models, Semiarid environments


  • Gomez, J., Cassini, M., 2015.

    Environmental predictors of habitat suitability and biogeographical range of Franciscana dolphins (Pontoporia blainvillei)

    Global Ecology and Conservation 3 90-99.

    The aim of this study was to use species distribution models to estimate the effects of environmental variables on the habitat suitability of river dolphins Pontoporia blainvillei (franciscanas) along their overall biogeographical distribution. Based on the literature, we selected six environmental variables to be included in the models; four climatic factors (surface sea temperature, salinity, turbidity and productivity) and two biotic factors (prey availability and fishing effort). We determined that the biographic range is under the following limits: temperature less than 19°C, a salinity...

    Keywords: Food preference, Marine mammal, Salinity, Species distribution model, Temperature


  • Huang, D., Roy, K., 2015.

    The future of evolutionary diversity in reef corals.

    Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences 370(1662) 20140010-.

    One-third of the world's reef-building corals are facing heightened extinction risk from climate change and other anthropogenic impacts. Previous studies have shown that such threats are not distributed randomly across the coral tree of life, and future extinctions have the potential to disproportionately reduce the phylogenetic diversity of this group on a global scale. However, the impact of such losses on a regional scale remains poorly known. In this study, we use phylogenetic metrics in conjunction with geographical distributions of living reef coral species to model how extinctions are...

    Keywords: Scleractinia, coral reef, ecoregions, extinction risk, phylogenetic diversity, tree shape


  • Kandel, K., Huettmann, F., Suwal, M., Ram Regmi, G., Nijman, V., Nekaris, K., Lama, S., Thapa, A., Sharma, H., Subedi, T., 2015.

    Rapid multi-nation distribution assessment of a charismatic conservation species using open access ensemble model GIS predictions: Red panda (Ailurus fulgens) in the Hindu-Kush Himalaya region

    Biological Conservation 181 150-161.

    The red panda (Ailurus fulgens) is a globally threatened species living in the multi-national Hindu-Kush Himalaya (HKH) region. It has a declining population trend due to anthropogenic pressures. Human-driven climate change is expected to have substantial impacts. However, quantitative and transparent information on the ecological niche (potential as well as realized) of this species across the vast and complex eight nations of the HKH region is lacking. Such baseline information is not only crucial for identifying new populations but also for restoring locally-extinct populations, for...

    Keywords: Ensemble model GIS prediction, Hindu-Kush Himalaya (HKH), Machine learning, Open access GBIF data, Red panda (Ailurus fulgens)


  • Lin, Y., Deng, D., Lin, W., Lemmens, R., Crossman, N., Henle, K., Schmeller, D., 2015.

    Uncertainty analysis of crowd-sourced and professionally collected field data used in species distribution models of Taiwanese moths

    Biological Conservation 181 102-110.

    The purposes of this study are to extract the names of species and places for a citizen-science monitoring program, to obtain crowd-sourced data of acceptable quality, and to assess the quality and the uncertainty of predictions based on crowd-sourced data and professional data. We used Natural Language Processing to extract names of species and places from text messages in a citizen science project. Bootstrap and Maximum Entropy methods were used to assess the uncertainty in the model predictions based on crowd-sourced data from the EnjoyMoths project in Taiwan. We compared uncertainty in...

    Keywords: Citizen science, Large-scale monitoring program, Natural language, Prediction of species distribution, Social media, Uncertainty, Volunteer survey