Conservation

Peer-reviewed publications using GBIF-mediated data to assist research on conservation, including threatened species and protected areas.

266 publications for Conservation

  • Aguiar L, Bernard E, Ribeiro V, Machado R, Jones G (2016)

    Should I stay or should I go? Climate change effects on the future of Neotropical savannah bats

    Global Ecology and Conservation 5 22-33.

    Most extant species are survivors of the last climate change event 20,000 years ago. While past events took place over thousands of years, current climate change is occurring much faster, over a few decades. We modelled the potential distribution area of bat species in the Brazilian Cerrado, a Neotropical savannah, and assessed the potential impacts of climate change up to 2050 in two scenarios. First we evaluated what the impact on the distributions of bat species would be if they were unable to move to areas where climate conditions might be similar to current ones. The novelty of our paper...

    Keywords: Brazil, Brazilian Cerrado, Chiroptera, Conservation, Ecological niche models


  • Bellard C, Genovesi P, Jeschke J (2016)

    Global patterns in threats to vertebrates by biological invasions

    Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 283(1823) 20152454.

    Biological invasions as drivers of biodiversity loss have recently been challenged. Fundamentally, we must know where species that are threatened by invasive alien species (IAS) live, and the degree to which they are threatened. We report the first study linking 1372 vertebrates threatened by more than 200 IAS from the completely revised Global Invasive Species Database. New maps of the vulnerability of threatened vertebrates to IAS permit assessments of whether IAS have a major influence on biodiversity, and if so, which taxonomic groups are threatened and where they are threatened. We found...

    Keywords: Brazil, Brazilian Cerrado, Chiroptera, Conservation, Ecological niche models


  • Carrillo-Angeles I, Suzán-Azpiri H, Mandujano M, Golubov J, Martínez-Ávalos J (2016)

    Niche breadth and the implications of climate change in the conservation of the genus Astrophytum (Cactaceae)

    Journal of Arid Environments 124 310-317.

    The niche breadth of a species reflects its ability to inhabit different conditions, and to use different resources, hence, species with wider niche are expected to be more resilient to anthropogenic derived climate change. We estimated the niche breadth of all species of the genus Astrophytum from macro-environmental variables and measures of local habitat uses, in order to evaluate whether species having wider niche breadths are less prone to experience unsuitable conditions projected by the A1B and A2 scenarios of the IPCC for 2020 and 2050, and analyzed the implications of projections for...

    Keywords: Bioclimatic variables, IPCC scenarios, MaxEnt, Threatened species


  • Hendricks S, Sesink Clee P, Harrigan R, Pollinger J, Freedman A, Callas R et al. (2016)

    Re-defining historical geographic range in species with sparse records: Implications for the Mexican wolf reintroduction program

    Biological Conservation 194 48-57.

    Reintroduction is often the only remaining option for recovery of extirpated species. According to the U.S. Endangered Species Act, species should be reintroduced to suitable habitats within their probable historical range. However, accurately defining historical range often proves difficult, especially for taxa with limited historical information, and may represent a significant impediment for successful recovery. Here, we combine ecological modeling methods with morphometric and phylogenetic data from museum specimens to define a more biologically realistic historical distribution. We apply...

    Keywords: Anthropogenic disturbance, Canis lupus baileyi, Distribution modeling, Historical range, Museum specimens, Reintroduction programs


  • Huang D, Hoeksema B, Affendi Y, Ang P, Chen C, Huang H et al. (2016)

    Conservation of reef corals in the South China Sea based on species and evolutionary diversity

    Biodiversity and Conservation.

    The South China Sea in the Central Indo-Pacific is a large semi-enclosed marine region that supports an extraordinary diversity of coral reef organisms (including stony corals), which varies spatially across the region. While one-third of the world’s reef corals are known to face heightened extinction risk from global climate and local impacts, prospects for the coral fauna in the South China Sea region amidst these threats remain poorly understood. In this study, we analyse coral species richness, rarity, and phylogenetic diversity among 16 reef areas in the region to estimate changes in...

    Keywords: IUCN Red List, Marine biodiversity, Phylogenetic diversity, Rarity, Scleractinia, Species richness


  • Monroy-Vilchis O, Castillo-Huitrón N, Zarco-González M, Rodríguez-Soto C (2016)

    Potential distribution of Ursus americanus in Mexico and its persistence: Implications for conservation

    Journal for Nature Conservation 29 62-68.

    The black bear Ursus americanus is an endangered species in Mexico. Its historical distribution has decreased by approximately 80% although its current distribution is not known with precision; it is only reported to be present in the mountains of Northern Mexico. This study proposes two ensemble models: Mexicós black bear (a) potential distribution compared with Natural Protected Areas (NPAs); and, (b) persistence areas for 2024. The current distribution variables are coniferous forest, elevation and dry forest. Suitable habitat for black bear (354,047km2, 18.07% of the country) was found...

    Keywords: Black bear, Conservation, Ensemble model, Future model, Habitat suitability, Mexico, Ursus americanus


  • Arida E, Setyawatiningsih S (2015)

    On the occurrence of Varanus nebulosus (Gray, 1831) (Squamata: Varanidae) on Riau Archipelago, Indonesia

    Zootaxa 3919(1) 197.

    The occurrence of Varanus nebulosus (Gray, 1831) on Sumatra still remains open for debates, while records are limited, especially those associated with a voucher specimen. The oldest record of V. nebulosus that is associated with a specimen, i.e. SMF 11554 is dated back to 1889 and presumably from Bengal (“Bengalen”), which now lies around Bangladesh. The specimen is kept at Senckenberg Museum Frankfurt (SMF) in Germany. We collected specimens from two islands in the Riau Archipelago, just west of Sumatra and provided new distribution data for this protected species of Monitor lizard in...

    Keywords: Squamata, Varanidae


  • Albuquerque F, Beier P (2015)

    Using abiotic variables to predict importance of sites for species representation.

    Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology.

    In systematic conservation planning, species distribution data for all sites in a planning area are used to prioritize each site in terms of the site's importance toward meeting the goal of species representation. But comprehensive species data are not available in most planning areas and would be expensive to acquire. As a shortcut, ecologists use surrogates, such as occurrences of birds or another well-surveyed taxon, or land types defined from remotely sensed data, in the hope that sites that represent the surrogates also represent biodiversity. Unfortunately, surrogates have not performed...

    Keywords: conservation planning, planeación de la conservación, prioritization, priorización, reresentación de especies, species representation, surrogacy, sustitución


  • Avalos V, Hernández J (2015)

    Projected distribution shifts and protected area coverage of range-restricted Andean birds under climate change

    Global Ecology and Conservation 4 459-469.

    In this study we projected the effect of anthropogenic climate change in endemic and restricted-range Andean bird species that spread out from the center of Bolivia to southeastern Peru. We also analyzed the representation of these species in protected areas. The ensemble forecasts from niche-based models indicated that 91–100% of species may reduce their range size under full and no dispersal scenarios, including five species that are currently threatened. The large range reduction (average 63%) suggests these mountain species may be threatened by climate change. The strong effects due to...

    Keywords: Conservation, Gap analysis, Protected areas, Range size, Threatened species


  • Botero-delgadillo E, Bayly N, GÓmez C, PulgarÍn-r. P, PÁez C (2015)

    An assessment of the distribution, population size and conservation status of the Santa Marta Foliage-gleaner Automolus rufipectus: a Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta endemic

    Bird Conservation International 1-15.

    The Santa Marta Foliage-gleaner Automolus rufipectus is one of 19 endemic bird species found in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (SNSM) in northern Colombia but until recently it was considered a sub-species of the Ruddy Foliage-gleaner Automolus rubiginosus. Consequently, published information on its distribution and ecology is lacking, and while it is classified as near-threatened, this designation was based on limited quantitative data. To improve our knowledge of the Santa Marta Foliage-gleaner’s geographical distribution, elevation range, population density, habitat use and conservation...

    Keywords: Conservation, Gap analysis, Protected areas, Range size, Threatened species