Agriculture

Peer-reviewed publications using GBIF-mediated data to assist research relating to agriculture, biofuels, aquaculture and wild fisheries.

107 publications for Agriculture

  • Parmar A, Kirchner S, Langguth H, Döring T, Hensel O (2017)

    Boxwood Borer Heterobostrychus brunneus (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) Infesting Dried Cassava: A Current Record from Southern Ethiopia

    Journal of Insect Science 17(1) 14.

    Insect specimens of adult beetles and larvae of 7–9 and 9–10 mm length, respectively were collected from infested dry cassava at two locations from multiple stores in southern Ethiopia. The specimens were identified as Heterobostrychus brunneus (Murray, 1867) commonly known as boxwood borer and auger beetle. The study presents a current record of H. brunneus in Ethiopia, particularly in the context of infesting food products. Additionally, a wide geographical distribution of the pest was reviewed and presented in this article. Current evidence suggests that H. brunneus is a serious pest of...


  • Phillips J, Magos Brehm J, van Oort B, Asdal , Rasmussen M, Maxted N (2017)

    Climate change and national crop wild relative conservation planning

    Ambio 1-14.

    Climate change is likely to be one of the most important factors affecting our future food security. To mitigate negative impacts, we will require our crops to be more genetically diverse. Such diversity is available in crop wild relatives (CWRs), the wild taxa relatively closely related to crops and from which diverse traits can be transferred to the crop. Conservation of such genetic resources resides within the nation where they are found; therefore, national-level conservation recommendations are fundamental to global food security. We investigate the potential impact of climate change on...

    Keywords: Agriculture, Ex situ conservation, Food security, Genetic diversity, In situ conservation, Plant genetic resources


  • Shaik R, Burrows G, Urwin N, Gopurenko D, Lepschi B, Weston L (2017)

    The biology and management of prickly paddy melon (Cucumis myriocarpus L.), an important summer annual weed in Australia

    Crop Protection 92 29-40.

    Cucumis myriocarpus is an annual cucurbitaceous summer weed infesting fallow fields and pastures. Infestation results in reduced moisture availability for winter cereal crops as well as reduced crop yields and pasture quality. The need to manage this weed is of paramount importance given its adverse effects on farming systems, biodiversity and grazing livestock and its ranking as the number one weed of importance in Australian summer fallows of grain crops. Land management practices, including movement of grazing animals and over-stocking, are potentially assisting the spread of Cucumis...

    Keywords: Agricultural weed, Biology, Field emergence and Seed biology, Self-pollination


  • Barbosa Pinto C, Almeida Sarmento R, Visintin da Silva Galdino T, Silvestre Pereira P, Gomes Barbosa B, Henrique Oliveira Lima C et al. (2016)

    Standardized Sampling Plan for the Thrips Frankliniella schultzei (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on Watermelon Crops

    Journal of Economic Entomology 23 949-954.

    Sampling plans are essential components of integrated pest management programs. The thrips Frankliniella schultzei (Trybom) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) is an important pest of watermelon crops. Despite the importance of sampling plans and of F. schultzei as a pest of watermelon crops, no research has been previously conducted on this subject for this crop. The objective of this work was to create a standardized sampling plan for F. schultzei in watermelon crops. Over two consecutive years, weekly samplings were performed in commercial watermelon crops. The aim of these assessments was to select...

    Keywords: Citrullus lanatus, negative binomial, sampling technique, sampling unit


  • Biber-Freudenberger L, Ziemacki J, Tonnang H, Borgemeister C (2016)

    Future Risks of Pest Species under Changing Climatic Conditions.

    PloS one 11(4) e0153237.

    Most agricultural pests are poikilothermic species expected to respond to climate change. Currently, they are a tremendous burden because of the high losses they inflict on crops and livestock. Smallholder farmers in developing countries of Africa are likely to suffer more under these changes than farmers in the developed world because more severe climatic changes are projected in these areas. African countries further have a lower ability to cope with impacts of climate change through the lack of suitable adapted management strategies and financial constraints. In this study we are...

    Keywords: Citrullus lanatus, negative binomial, sampling technique, sampling unit


  • Bosch J, Iglesias I, Muñoz M, de la Torre A (2016)

    A Cartographic Tool for Managing African Swine Fever in Eurasia: Mapping Wild Boar Distribution Based on the Quality of Available Habitats

    Transboundary and Emerging Diseases.

    The current African swine fever (ASF) epidemic in Eurasia represents a risk for the swine industry with devastating socio-economic and political consequences. Wild boar appears to be a key factor in maintaining the disease in endemic areas (mainly the Russian Federation) and spreading the disease across borders, including within the European Union. To help predict and interpret the dynamics of ASF infection, we developed a standardized distribution map based on global land cover vegetation (GLOBCOVER) that quantifies the quality of available habitats (QAH) for wild boar across Eurasia as an...

    Keywords: African swine fever, habitat, land coverage, surveillance, wild boar distribution


  • Bush M, Correa-Metrio A, McMichael C, Sully S, Shadik C, Valencia B et al. (2016)

    A 6900-year history of landscape modification by humans in lowland Amazonia

    Quaternary Science Reviews 141 52-64.

    A sedimentary record from the Peruvian Amazon provided evidence of climate and vegetation change for the last 6900 years. Piston cores collected from the center of Lake Sauce, a 20 m deep lake at 600 m elevation, were 19.7 m in length. The fossil pollen record showed a continuously forested catchment within the period of the record, although substantial changes in forest composition were apparent. Fossil charcoal, found throughout the record, was probably associated with humans setting fires. Two fires, at c. 6700 cal BP and 4270 cal BP, appear to have been stand-replacing events possibly...

    Keywords: Agriculture, Forest enrichment, Fossil charcoal, Fossil diatoms, Fossil pollen, Human disturbance, Iriartea, Maize, Mauritia, Pre-Columbian


  • Castañeda-Álvarez N, Khoury C, Achicanoy H, Bernau V, Dempewolf H, Eastwood R et al. (2016)

    Global conservation priorities for crop wild relatives

    Nature Plants 2(4) 16022.

    The wild relatives of domesticated crops possess genetic diversity useful for developing more productive, nutritious and resilient crop varieties. However, their conservation status and availability for utilization are a concern, and have not been quantified globally. Here, we model the global distribution of 1,076 taxa related to 81 crops, using occurrence information collected from biodiversity, herbarium and gene bank databases. We compare the potential geographic and ecological diversity encompassed in these distributions with that currently accessible in gene banks, as a means to...

    Keywords: Agriculture, Forest enrichment, Fossil charcoal, Fossil diatoms, Fossil pollen, Human disturbance, Iriartea, Maize, Mauritia, Pre-Columbian


  • Delgado-Baquerizo M, Reich P, García-Palacios P, Milla R (2016)

    Biogeographic bases for a shift in crop C : N : P stoichiometries during domestication.

    Ecology letters.

    We lack both a theoretical framework and solid empirical data to understand domestication impacts on plant chemistry. We hypothesised that domestication increased leaf N and P to support high plant production rates, but biogeographic and climate patterns further influenced the magnitude and direction of changes in specific aspects of chemistry and stoichiometry. To test these hypotheses, we used a data set of leaf C, N and P from 21 herbaceous crops and their wild progenitors. Domestication increased leaf N and/or P for 57% of the crops. Moreover, the latitude of the domestication sites (...

    Keywords: T-physiology hypothesis, decomposition, growth rate hypothesis, nutrient cycling, rops, soil age hypothesis


  • Dotchamou F, Atindogbe G, Sode A, Fonton H (2016)

    Density and spatial distribution of Parkia biglobosa pattern in Benin under climate change

    Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development (JAEID) 110(1) 173-194.

    Parkia biglobosa is an indigenous species which, traditionally contributes to the resilience of the agricultural production system in terms of food security, source of income, poverty reduction and ecosystem stability. Therefore, it is important to improve knowledge on its density, current and future spatial distribution. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the tree density, the climate change effects on the spatial distribution of the species in the future for better conservation. The modeling of the current and future geographical distribution of the species is based on the...

    Keywords: Benin, MAXENT, climate change, locust bean, scenario RCP