Vascular plants of Amrum 2007-2008

Occurrence dataset published by BeBIF Provider

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Summary

Full Title

Vascular plants of Amrum 2007-2008

Description

Amrum is a small barrier island on the north-west coast of Germany. The distribution of vascular plants was examined by surveying their 1km grid square occupancy across the whole island. These data were used in a study on the recent vegetation change in the island.

Temporal coverages

Date range: Jul 5, 2008 - Jul 20, 2008

Date range: Aug 17, 2007 - Aug 31, 2007

Language of Data

 

Administrative contact
Quentin Groom
Researcher
Botanic Garden Meise Bouchout Domain, Nieuwelaan 38 1860 Meise Belgium 0032 2 260 09 20
Metadata author
Quentin Groom
Researcher
Botanic Garden Meise Bouchout Domain, Nieuwelaan 38 1860 Meise Belgium
Originator
Quentin Groom
Researcher
Botanic Garden Meise Meise Belgium

Published by

BeBIF Provider

Publication Date

Sep 28, 2014

Registration Date

Mar 13, 2014

Served by

Belgian BIF IPT

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External Data

Metadata Documents

Taxonomic Coverage

The study covers all vascular plants growing in the wild. Obviously cultivated plants were excluded, though trees planted for forestry were included as these form so much of the island's habitats.

SPECIES
Abies alba Miller, Abies grandis (Douglas ex D. Don) Lindley, Abies Miller, Acer campestre L., Acer platanoides L., Aegopodium podagraria L., Agrostis gigantea Roth, Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande, Calamagrostis canescens (Weber) Roth, Calamagrostis epigejos (L.) Roth, Erophila verna (L.) Chevall., Festuca arenaria Osbeck, Populus tremula L., Salix x multinervis Doell, Sonchus asper (L.) Hill, Vulpia myuros (L.) C. C. Gmel.
RANK_NOT_SPECIFIED
Acer pseudoplatanus L., Achillea millefolium L., Agrostis canina L., Agrostis capillaris L., Agrostis stolonifera L., Agrostis vinealis Schreb., Aira caryophyllea L., Aira praecox L., Ajuga reptans L., Alcea rosea L., Alchemilla mollis (Buser) Rothm., Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn., Alnus incana (L.) Moench, Alopecurus geniculatus L., Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link, Anagallis arvensis L., Anchusa arvensis (L.) M. Bieb., Anchusa officinalis L., Anisantha sterilis (L.) Nevski, Anthemis arvensis L., Anthoxanthum odoratum L., Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm., Apera spica-venti (L.) P. Beauv., Aphanes australis Rydb., Apium inundatum (L.) Rchb. f., Aquilegia vulgaris L., Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh., Arctium minus (Hill) Bernh., Arenaria serpyllifolia L., Armeria maritima (Mill.) Willd., Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) J. Presl & C. Presl, Artemisia vulgaris L., Asparagus officinalis L., Aster tripolium L., Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth, Atriplex littoralis L., Atriplex patula L., Atriplex portulacoides L., Atriplex prostrata DC., Bellis perennis L., Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang., Betula pendula Roth, Betula pubescens Ehrh., Bidens cernua L., Bidens tripartita L., Bolboschoenus maritimus (L.) Palla, Borago officinalis L., Bromopsis erecta (Huds.) Fourr., Bromus hordeaceus L., Bromus inermis Leyss., Bryonia dioica Jacq., Cakile maritima Scop., Calendula officinalis L., Callitriche brutia Petagna, Callitriche stagnalis agg., Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull, Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br., Campanula rotundifolia L., Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik., Cardamine hirsuta L., Cardamine pratensis L., Carex arenaria L., Carex extensa Gooden., Carex hirta L., Carex nigra (L.) Reichard, Carex otrubae Podp., Carex panicea L., Carex viridula subsp. viridula, Castanea sativa Mill., Centaurium littorale (Turner) Gilmour, Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce, Cerastium arvense L., Cerastium fontanum Baumg., Cerastium glomeratum Thuill., Cerastium semidecandrum L., Cerastium tomentosum L., Chaerophyllum temulum L., Chamerion angustifolium (L.) Holub, Chelidonium majus L., Chenopodium album L., Chenopodium rubrum L., Chenopodium suecicum Murr, Circaea lutetiana L., Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop., Cirsium palustre (L.) Scop., Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten., Cochlearia danica L., Conium maculatum L., Convallaria majalis L., Convolvulus arvensis L., Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist, Corylus avellana L., Corynephorus canescens (L.) P. Beauv., Cosmos bipinnatus Cav., Cotoneaster Medik., Crataegus monogyna Jacq., Crepis capillaris (L.) Wallr., Cuscuta epithymum (L.) L., Cymbalaria muralis P. Gaertn. , B. Mey. & Scherb., Cynosurus cristatus L., Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link, Dactylis glomerata L., Danthonia decumbens (L.) DC., Datura stramonium L., Daucus carota L., Deschampsia flexuosa (L.) Trin., Descurainia sophia (L.) Prantl, Dianthus carthusianorum L., Dianthus deltoides L., Digitalis purpurea L., Diplotaxis muralis (L.) DC., Drosera intermedia Hayne, Drosera rotundifolia L., Dryopteris carthusiana (Villars) H.P. Fuchs, Dryopteris dilatata (Hoffm.) A. Gray, Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott, Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv., Echium vulgare L., Eleocharis palustris (L.) R. Br., Eleocharis uniglumis (Link) Schult., Elytrigia atherica (Link) Kerguélen, Elytrigia juncea (L.) Nevski, Elytrigia repens (L.) Nevski, Elytrigia x obtusiuscula (Lange) Hyl., Empetrum nigrum subsp. nigrum L., Epilobium ciliatum Raf., Epilobium hirsutum L., Epilobium montanum L., Epilobium obscurum Schreber, Epilobium palustre L., Epilobium parviflorum Schreber, Epilobium tetragonum L., Equisetum arvense L., Equisetum fluviatile L., Erica tetralix L., Eriophorum angustifolium Honck., Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Hér., Euphorbia peplus L., Euphrasia stricta J. F. Lehm., Fagus sylvatica L., Fallopia convolvulus (L.) A. Löve, Festuca arundinacea Schreb., Festuca ovina L., Festuca pratensis Huds., Festuca rubra L., Filago minima (Sm.) Pers., Filago vulgaris Lam., Fragaria vesca L., Fragaria x ananassa (Weston) Rozier, Fraxinus excelsior L., Galeopsis tetrahit L., Galinsoga parviflora Cav., Galinsoga quadriradiata Ruiz & Pav., Galium aparine L., Galium mollugo L., Galium palustre L., Galium saxatile L., Galium verum L., Galium x pomeranicum Retz., Genista anglica L., Genista tinctoria L., Geranium molle L., Geranium pusillum L., Geranium robertianum L., Geum urbanum L., Glaucium flavum Crantz, Glaux maritima L., Glechoma hederacea L., Glyceria fluitans (L.) R. Br., Gnaphalium sylvaticum L., Gnaphalium uliginosum L., Hammarbya paludosa (L.) Kuntze, Hedera helix L., Helictotrichon pratense (L.) Besser, Heracleum mantegazzianum Sommier & Levier, Hieracium umbellatum L., Hippophae rhamnoides L., Holcus lanatus L., Holcus mollis L., Honckenya peploides (L.) Ehrh., Hordeum murinum L., Hordeum secalinum Schreb., Hydrocotyle vulgaris L., Hypericum perforatum L., Hypochaeris radicata L., Ilex aquifolium L., Impatiens parviflora DC., Jasione montana L., Juncus acutiflorus Ehrh. ex Hoffm., Juncus ambiguus Guss., Juncus anceps Laharpe, Juncus articulatus L., Juncus bufonius L., Juncus bulbosus L., Juncus conglomeratus L., Juncus effusus L., Juncus filiformis L., Juncus gerardii Loisel., Juncus maritimus Lam., Juncus pygmaeus Rich. ex Thuill., Juncus squarrosus L., Juncus tenuis Willd., Knautia arvensis (L.) Coulter, Lamium album L., Lamium amplexicaule L., Lamium maculatum (L.) L., Lamium purpureum L., Lapsana communis L., Larix x marschlinsii Coaz, Lathyrus japonicus Willd., Lathyrus pratensis L., Lemna minor L., Leontodon autumnalis L., Leymus arenarius (L.) Hochst., Limonium vulgare Mill., Linaria vulgaris Mill., Lolium perenne L., Lonicera periclymenum L., Lotus corniculatus L., Lotus pedunculatus Cav., Lunaria annua L., Luzula campestris (L.) DC., Luzula multiflora (Ehrh.) Lej., Luzula sylvatica (Huds.) Gaudin, Lychnis flos-cuculi L., Lycium barbarum L., Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., Lycopodiella inundata (L.) Holub, Lycopus europaeus L., Lythrum portula (L.) D. A. Webb, Lythrum salicaria L., Maianthemum bifolium (L.) F. W. Schmidt, Malva moschata L., Malva neglecta Wallr., Malva sylvestris L., Matricaria discoidea DC., Matricaria recutita L., Medicago lupulina L., Medicago sativa L., Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam., Mentha aquatica L., Moehringia trinervia (L.) Clairv., Molinia caerulea (L.) Moench, Mycelis muralis (L.) Dumort., Myosotis arvensis (L.) Hill, Myosotis laxa subsp. caespitosa (Schultz) N. Hylander ex Nordh., Nardus stricta L., Narthecium ossifragum (L.) Huds., Nymphaea alba L., Odontites vernus (Bellardi) Dumort., Oenothera biennis L., Oenothera glazioviana Micheli, Oenothera L., Oenothera x fallax Renner, Ononis spinosa L., Origanum vulgare L., Ornithopus perpusillus L., Oxalis corniculata L., Panicum miliaceum L., Papaver dubium L., Papaver pseudoorientale (Fedde) Medw., Papaver rhoeas L., Papaver somniferum L., Parapholis strigosa (Dumort.) C. E. Hubb., Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planchon, Pedicularis sylvatica L., Persicaria amphibia (L.) Delarbre, Persicaria lapathifolia (L.) Delarbre, Persicaria maculosa Gray, Phacelia tanacetifolia Benth., Phalaris canariensis L., Phleum pratense L., Phragmites australis (Cav.) Steud., Picea A.Dietr., Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carrière, Pilosella aurantiaca (L.) F. W. Schultz & Sch. Bip., Pilosella officinarum Vaill., Pimpinella saxifraga L., Pinus contorta Douglas ex Loudon, Pinus mugo Turra, Pinus nigra J.F. Arnold, Pinus sylvestris L., Plantago coronopus L., Plantago lanceolata L., Plantago major L., Plantago major subsp. intermedia (Gilib.) Lange, Plantago maritima L., Poa annua L., Poa compressa L., Poa nemoralis L., Poa pratensis L., Polygala vulgaris L., Polygonum aviculare L., Polypodium vulgare L., Populus alba L., Populus x canescens (Aiton) Smith, Potamogeton polygonifolius Pourr., Potentilla anserina L., Potentilla argentea L., Potentilla erecta (L.) R├ñusch., Potentilla palustris (L.) Scop., Potentilla recta L., Potentilla reptans L., Prunella vulgaris L., Prunus serotina Ehrh., Prunus spinosa L., Puccinellia distans (Jacq.) Parl., Puccinellia maritima (Huds.) Parl., Pyrola minor L., Pyrus pyraster (L.) Baumg., Quercus robur L., Quercus rubra L., Radiola linoides Roth, Ranunculus acris L., Ranunculus flammula L., Ranunculus repens L., Ranunculus sardous Crantz, Ranunculus sceleratus L., Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. raphanistrum L., Raphanus sativus L., Reseda lutea L., Rhinanthus minor L., Ribes nigrum L., Ribes rubrum L., Ribes sanguineum Pursh, Ribes uva-crispa L., Robinia pseudoacacia L., Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser, Rosa canina agg., Rosa canina L., Rosa rubiginosa L., Rosa rugosa Thunb., Rubus caesius L., Rubus fruticosus agg., Rubus idaeus L., Rumex acetosa L., Rumex acetosella L., Rumex crispus L., Rumex maritimus L., Rumex obtusifolius L., Rumex x pratensis Mert. & Koch, Sagina apetala Ard., Sagina maritima Don, Sagina nodosa (L.) Fenzl, Sagina procumbens L., Salicornia L., Salix aurita L., Salix caprea L., Salix cinerea L., Salix daphnoides Vill., Salix pentandra L., Salix repens L., Salix viminalis L., Salsola kali L., Sambucus nigra L., Saponaria officinalis L., Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C. C. Gmel.) Palla, Scleranthus annuus L., Scleranthus perennis L., Scrophularia nodosa L., Scutellaria galericulata L., Sedum acre L., Sedum telephium L., Senecio jacobaea L., Senecio sylvaticus L., Senecio viscosus L., Senecio vulgaris L., Seriphidium maritimum (L.) Poljakov, Setaria viridis (L.) P. Beauv., Silene dioica (L.) Clairv., Silene latifolia Poir., Silene otites (L.) Wibel, Silene vulgaris subsp. vulgaris (Moench) Garcke, Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn., Sisymbrium altissimum L., Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop., Solanum dulcamara L., Solanum nigrum L., Solidago gigantea Aiton, Sonchus arvensis L., Sonchus oleraceus L., Sorbus aucuparia L., Sorbus intermedia (Ehrh.) Pers., Spartina anglica C. E. Hubb., Spergula arvensis L., Spergularia marina (L.) Griseb., Spergularia media (L.) C. Presl, Spergularia rubra (L.) J. Presl & C. Presl, Stachys palustris L., Stellaria graminea L., Stellaria media (L.) Cirillo, Suaeda maritima (L.) Dumort., Succisa pratensis Moench, Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Sch. Bip., Tanacetum vulgare L., Taraxacum officinale agg., Taxus baccata L., Teesdalia nudicaulis (L.) R. Br., Thlaspi arvense L., Thymus serpyllum L., Tilia cordata Miller, Tilia x europaea L., Tragopogon pratensis L., Trichophorum cespitosum (L.) Hartm., Trientalis europaea L., Trifolium arvense L., Trifolium campestre Schreb., Trifolium dubium Sibth., Trifolium pratense L., Trifolium repens L., Triglochin maritimum L., Triglochin palustre L., Tripleurospermum inodorum (L.) Sch. Bip., Typha angustifolia L., Typha latifolia L., Ulex europaeus L., Ulmus glabra Huds., Urtica dioica L., Urtica urens L., Vaccinium oxycoccos L., Vaccinium uliginosum L., Veronica arvensis L., Veronica officinalis L., Veronica serpyllifolia L., Veronica spicata L., Vicia cracca L., Vicia hirsuta (L.) Gray, Vicia sativa L., Viola arvensis Murray, Viola canina L., Viola palustris L., Viola riviniana Reichb., Viola tricolor L., Viola x wittrockiana Gams ex Nauenb. & Buttler

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Description

Amrum is a small barrier island off the coast of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It covers an area of about 20 km , though considerable areas of saltmarsh veg… more

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Geographic Coverage

Amrum is a small barrier island off the coast of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. It covers an area of about 20 km , though considerable areas of saltmarsh vegetation are exposed at low tide. Amrum is approximately 10 km long and 3 km wide at its widest point. Its main habitats run in north-south bands along the island. In the west are open sand flats with a sparse fore-dune vegetation, moving eastward there is a complete dune succession ending in conifer plantations. Beyond the plantations is arable farmland and grazing. Along the eastern shore are mainly saltmarshes and mudflats. Other important habitats include freshwater ponds, marshes and ditches, heathland, urban area and the seawall.

A vascular plant survey of Amrum

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Design description

A survey to catalog all the plants of Amrum

Funding

none

Project Personnel

Principal investigator
Quentin Groom

Associated parties

Processor
Dimitri Brosens
Researcher
INBO Kliniekstraat 25 Brussels België Belgium
Owner
Quentin Groom
Researcher
Botanic Garden Meise Bouchout Domain, Nieuwelaan 38 1860 Meise Belgium

Methodology

Study extent

The survey covered all vegetated areas of the island were access was permitted. In fact, this covers most of the island, however, some nesting bird colonies and private gardens are completely inaccessible.

Sampling description

The biodiversity of each 1 km varies considerable so there was no set time limit for surveying a particular square. Grid squares were surveyed as intensively as considered necessary to find all but the rarest species. Aerial photographs, maps, previous surveys and local experts were all used to direct surveying to all potentially important habitats.

Quality control

Some Salix specimens where identified by R.D. Meikle.

Method Steps

  1. Field survey.

References

Christiansen W (1961) Flora der Nordfriesischen Inseln. Cram, de Gruyter & Co., Hamburg, 127 pp. [In German].

Groom Q (2010) A comparison of species lists of vascular plants points to recent habitat change on the North Frisian Island, Amrum. Schriften des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins für Schleswig-Holstein 72: 29‑35. [In English]. , http://www.schriften.uni-kiel.de/Band%2072/Groom_72_29-35.pdf

Petersen J (2000) Die dünentalvegetation der wattenmeer- inseln in der südlichen Nordsee. Husum Druck- und Verlagsgesellschaft, Husum, 205 pp. [In German]. , 3-88042-935-9

Schiøtz LT (1860) Beretning om en botanisk Reise, foretaget i Sommeren 1858 i Landskabebet mellem Sleswig, Rendsborg og Ekernførde samt paa Vesterhavsøerne Amrom, Før og Sild. Videnskab. Meddel. -: 117‑168.

Seemen Ov (1899) Einige Mitteilungen über die in dem Herbar K. F. W. Jessen enthaltenen Pflanzen von der Nordfriesischen Insel Amrum. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 27 (62): 6‑7. [In German]. , http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/210409

Türk W (1994) Flora und Vegetation der Insel Amrum – Bestand, Wandel, Gefährdung. Schriften des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins für Schleswig-Holstein 64: 17‑89. [In German]. , http://www.schriften.uni-kiel.de/Band%2064/Tuerk_64_17-89.pdf