University of Amsterdam (NL) - Páramo…

Occurrence dataset published by University of Amsterdam / IBED

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Full Title

University of Amsterdam (NL) - Páramo Vegetation Research, Bordoncillo - Nariño, Colombia


The Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED) from University of Amsterdam (UvA) has been working on the Paramos of Colombia since 1970, collecting information on different aspects of plant ecology. The Bordoncillo dataset is generated from a part of a study from Orlando Rangel, done in 1987 about the paramo vegetation of the volcanos of the Nariño province. The vegetation in Bordoncillo groups shrubs with plant rosettes (frailejonal) of the Ugno myricoides-Espeletetium hartwegianae association. This is a small data set which provides information on the occurrence and location of 51 plant species from the Paramo in this area. For the purpose of the GBIF data-publishing, vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.


Purpose 1: Data in TurboVeg Purpose 2: data converted to species occurrence. Data repatriation to Colombia to be used in actual research.

Temporal coverages

Date range: Jan 1, 1987 - Jan 1, 1987

Language of Metadata


Language of Data


Administrative contact
Antoine Cleef Cleef
University of Amsterdam Science Park 904, Amsterdam, Noord-Holland NL, NL-1098HX NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland Netherlands
Metadata author
Paola Reyes
Research Assistent
NLBIF, IBED, University of Amsterdam Science Park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland Netherlands
Antoine M. Cleef
University of Amsterdam Science Park 904 NL-1098HX Amsterdam Noord-Holland Netherlands


Published by

University of Amsterdam / IBED

Publication Date

Dec 16, 2013

Registration Date

Apr 15, 2013

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Alternative Identifiers

External Data

Metadata Documents

51 Georeferenced data

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The Bordoncillo Paramo is located in the south of Colombia in the border between the provinces of nariño and Putumayo. Is one of the paramos of the Colom… more


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Other Contacts

Cees H.J. Hof
Node Manager
NLBIF P.O. Box 93102 NL-1090 BC Amsterdam Noord-Holland Netherlands +31 20 5255496
Orlando Rangel

Taxonomic Coverage

All plants identified to species level. Vegetation including phanerogams, bryophytes and lichens.

Plantae (Phanerogams), Plantae (Bryophytes), Fungi (Lichens)

Colombia diversidad biotica III. Chapter: La vegetación paramuna de los volcanes de Nariño

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Study area description

The Bordoncillo Paramo is located in the south of Colombia in the border between the provinces of nariño and Putumayo. At the time of the study still an inventory of the paramos was not complete and the study was needed to get tools to understand the ecology, biogeography and natural history of the paramo.

Design description

The inventory of vegetation community was based in the Braun-Blanquet method (1979). The software TWINSPAN was used to classify and organize the releves and validated by the method of Szafer & Pawloski 1934 (also used by Braun-Blanque, 1979)


Universidad Nacional de Colombia (UN) Instituto de Ciencias Naturales (ICN), Colombia Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (IAvH), Colombia

Project Personnel

Orlando Rangel


Study extent

The study was done in the Volcanos of Nariño but the data set includes only the data from Bordoncillo Paramo and it was collected in 1987.

Sampling description

The vegetation sampling was done by the relevé method following the Braun-Blanquet principles. The relevé is a list of the plants in a delimited plot of vegetation, with information on species cover and on substrate and other abiotic features in the plot to make as complete as possible description in terms of community composition. The community vegetation releve data were converted into species occurrence data.

Quality control

Only 3 releves were recorded for this area and consisted of a species list with its cover, date, location, altitude, slope. The data remained only in a publication done in the year 2000, and it was digitized in 2011, with the financial suppport of NLBIF using the software TurboVeg version 2.98. TurboVeg is a software design for this type of vegetation information and then exported from community data into species occurrence data. The data stored in TurboVeg was checked to identify errors in the information or gaps needed to be filled. The two main fields identified to be checked/completed were the georeference data and the validation of the taxonomy of each species. Also the gaps in terms of the precision of the georeference data were filled.

Method Steps

  1. Releve data was stored in the software TurboVeg and then exported into species occurrence data. The species list used in TurboVeg was checked by an expert to confirm the valid taxonomy (taking into account taxonomy changes, synonyms, etc)(Guido van Reenen, paramo species list). This list was cross-checked with The Plant List (, for the period July 2011 until February 2013 (during this time frame the names where the accepted). The original georeference data was completed with a precision of the georeference data and specific habitat indication. The georeference data was completed using Google maps taking into account the altitud data to complete de precision. The precision original values where in Km, this where then converted to meters in order to meet the DarwinCore Archive requirements when exporting the data.