Bird tracking - GPS tracking of Lesse…

Occurrence dataset published by Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)

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Summary

Full Title

Bird tracking - GPS tracking of Lesser Black-backed Gulls and Herring Gulls breeding at the Belgian coast

Description

Bird tracking - GPS tracking of Lesser Black-backed Gulls and Herring Gulls breeding at the Belgian coast is a species occurrence dataset published by the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO). The dataset (version 5.3) currently contains over 1.1 million occurrences, recorded in 2013 and 2014 by 60 GPS trackers mounted on 44 Lesser Black-backed Gulls and 16 Herring Gulls breeding at the Belgian coast (see https://inbo.cartodb.com/u/lifewatch/viz/da04f120-ea70-11e4-a3f2-0e853d047bba/public_map for a visualization of the data). The trackers were developed by the University of Amsterdam Bird Tracking System (UvA-BiTS, http://www.uva-bits.nl). They automatically record and transmit bird movements, which allows us and others to study their habitat use and migration behaviour in great detail. Our bird tracking network is set up and maintained in collaboration with UvA-BiTS and the Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ), and funded for LifeWatch by the Hercules Foundation. The data are released in bulk as open data (http://dataset.inbo.be/bird-tracking-gull-occurrences), and are also accessible through CartoDB and the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF). See the dataset metadata for contact information, scope and methodology. Issues with the data or dataset can be reported at https://github.com/LifeWatchINBO/data-publication/tree/master/datasets/bird-tracking-gull-occurrences

Purpose

As part of our terrestrial and marine observatory for LifeWatch (http://lifewatch.inbo.be), the Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO), the Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ), Ghent University (UGent), and University of Antwerp (UA) are tracking large gull species with lightweight, solar powered GPS trackers. The project builds upon the extensive knowledge the INBO has acquired over the last 15 years when studying in particular postnuptial migration, as well as mate and site fidelity of large gulls, by means of sightings of colour-marked individuals ringed in Belgium and via individual-based life-history studies by UGent and UA. The data this bird tracking network collects allow us now to study the migration patterns and habitat use of the gulls in more detail. Furthermore, they are no longer biased towards locations where observers can see the birds. To allow greater use of the data beyond our research questions, all data are published as open data.

Additional Information

To allow anyone to use this dataset, we have released the data to the public domain under a Creative Commons Zero waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/). We would appreciate however, if you read and follow these norms for data use (http://www.inbo.be/en/norms-for-data-use) and provide a link to the original dataset (http://doi.org/10.15468/02omly) whenever possible. If you use these data for a scientific paper, please cite the dataset following the applicable citation norms and/or consider us for co-authorship. We are always interested to know how you have used or visualized the data, or to provide more information, so please contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata, opendata@inbo.be or https://twitter.com/LifeWatchINBO. The following information is not included in this dataset and available upon request: outliers, temperature, speed, accelerometer data, GPS metadata (fix time, number of satellites used, vertical accuracy), bird biometrics data measured during tagging (bill length, bill depth, tarsus length, wing length, body mass), life history data (day of ringing, age, resightings by volunteers), as well as growth data of chicks. All our public bird tracking data are also available through CartoDB (https://inbo.cartodb.com/u/lifewatch), where users can query the data using SQL via the CartoDB API or download these in various formats (csv, shp, kml, svg, and geosjon). Two tables are of use: bird_tracking, containing all occurrence data and bird_tracking_devices, containing information on the GPS trackers and individual birds. Note that these tables are not standardized to Darwin Core, contain flagged outliers (omitted from the standardized dataset) and include data from other bird species. For more info, see https://github.com/LifeWatchINBO/bird-tracking/blob/master/cartodb/README.md

Temporal coverages

Date range: May 17, 2013 - Aug 13, 2014

Living time period: breeding season 2013

Living time period: migration/wintering season 2013-2014

Living time period: breeding season 2014

Language of Metadata

ENGLISH

Language of Data

ENGLISH

Administrative contact
Peter Desmet
LifeWatch team coordinator
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) Kliniekstraat 25 1070 Brussels Brussels Capital Region Belgium
Metadata author
Peter Desmet
LifeWatch team coordinator
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) Kliniekstraat 25 1070 Brussels Brussels Capital Region Belgium
Originator
Luc Lens
Director
Terrestrial Ecology Unit (TEREC) Ghent University, K.L. Ledeganckstraat 35 9000 Ghent East Flanders Belgium

doi:10.15468/02omly

Published by

Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)

Publication Date

Aug 11, 2015

Registration Date

Jul 17, 2014

Served by

INBO IPT

Links

Alternative Identifiers

External Data

Metadata Documents

1,181,274 Georeferenced data

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Description

The birds breed at the Belgian coast in two colonies, located in the ports of Zeebrugge and Ostend. During the breeding season, their foraging range includes the west of more

About

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Other Contacts

Administrative contact
Eric Stienen
Researcher
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) Kliniekstraat 25 1070 Brussels Brussels Capital Region Belgium
Originator
Wendt Müller
Assistant professor
Ethology (ETHO) University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1 2610 Antwerp Antwerp Belgium
Originator
Willem Bouten
Chair of Computational Geo-Ecology
Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED) University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904 1098 XH Amsterdam Netherlands
Originator
Francisco Hernandez
Data centre manager
Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ) Wandelaarkaai 7 8400 Ostend West Flanders Belgium
Originator
Peter Desmet
LifeWatch team coordinator
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) Kliniekstraat 25 1070 Brussels Brussels Capital Region Belgium
Originator
Eric Stienen
Researcher
Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO) Kliniekstraat 25 1070 Brussels Brussels Capital Region Belgium

Taxonomic Coverage

The dataset contains tracking data from 44 Lesser Black-Backed Gulls (Larus fuscus) and 16 Herring Gulls (Larus argentatus) breeding at the Belgian coast.

KINGDOM
Animalia (animals)
PHYLUM
Chordata
CLASS
Aves (birds)
ORDER
Charadriiformes
FAMILY
Laridae (gulls)
GENUS
Larus
SPECIES
Larus fuscus (Lesser Black-backed Gull), Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)

Methodology

Study extent

The birds were trapped and tagged at or near the breeding colony at the Belgian coast. The colony of Zeebrugge is situated in the western part of the port (51.341 latitude, 3.182 longitude) at sites that are not used for port activities and on roof tops. The first Herring Gulls (HG) nested here in 1987, followed by the first breeding record of Lesser Black-backed Gull (LBBG) in 1991. In the 1990s, the number of breeding pairs strongly increased, with a maximum of 2,336 pairs of HG and 4,760 pairs of LBBG in 2011. Maximum numbers amounted to 2.6% and 1.2% of the biogeographic populations of LBBG and HG. After 2011 the number of gulls strongly declined due to habitat loss and the presence of foxes. In the period 2000-2010, Zeebrugge hosted on average 91% of all large gulls in Belgium. This proportion decreased to 58% in 2014. In the colony of Ostend (51.233 latitude, 2.931 longitude), breeding started in 1993. Here the number of LBBG stabilised at about 300-400 pairs since 2010, while the number of HG is still increasing with a maximum of 587 pairs on 2014. In Ostend most gulls breed on roof tops both in industrial areas and in the town itself. Most birds were trapped on their nest using a walk-in cage. In 2013 and 2014 respectively 22 and 24 ground-nesting LBBG were caught in the port of Zeebrugge and respectively 5 and 8 HG on the roof of the Vismijn in Ostend. Additionally, in 2014 one ground nesting HG was caught in the port of Zeebrugge and 3 HG were caught with a small cannon net when feeding on the Visserskaai in Ostend. We took biometrics of all captured gulls (bill length, bill depth, tarsus length, wing length, and body mass) and a feather sample to determine the sex. The UvA-BiTS GPS trackers were attached to the back of the gull using a harness of Teflon tape.

Sampling description

The birds are tracked with the University of Amsterdam Bird Tracking System (UvA-BiTS, http://www.uva-bits.nl). The system has been described in detail in Bouten et al. 2013. The lightweight, solar powered GPS trackers periodically record the 3D position and air temperature, and can be configured to collect body movements with the built-in tri-axial accelerometer as well. The system allows us to remotely set or change a measurement interval per tracker: the actual interval between measurements is provided in samplingEffort as secondsSinceLastOccurrence. The data are stored on the tracker, until these can be transmitted automatically and wireless to a base station using the built-in ZigBee transceiver with whip antenna. This receiver is also used to receive new measurement settings. The spatial range for this communication is restricted to the location of the base station (or antenna network), which is placed near the colony. Data from birds that do not return to the colony and thus the base station cannot be retrieved. Data received by the base stations are automatically harvested, post-processed, and stored in a central PostgreSQL database at UvA-BiTS (http://www.uva-bits.nl/virtual-lab), which is accessible to the involved researchers only. We periodically export the tracking data to CartoDB for visualization purposes (see the External datasets section), removing test records and flagging outliers (see https://github.com/LifeWatchINBO/bird-tracking/blob/master/cartodb/import-procedure.md). To create the Darwin Core Archive, we extract the data from CartoDB and standardize these to Darwin Core using an SQL query (https://github.com/LifeWatchINBO/data-publication/blob/master/datasets/bird-tracking-gull-occurrences/mapping/dwc-occurrence.sql). The dataset is documented, published via our IPT (http://dataset.inbo.be/bird-tracking-gull-occurrences), and registered with the Global Biodiversity Information System (http://www.gbif.org/dataset/83e20573-f7dd-4852-9159-21566e1e691e). Issues or remarks regarding the data or this procedure can be reported at https://github.com/LifeWatchINBO/data-publication/tree/master/datasets/bird-tracking-gull-occurrences To extract data from one individual, one can use organismID (previously individualID), which contains the unique metal leg ring code of each bird. Tracker IDs are provided in dynamicProperties as device_info_serial. For an overview of all GPS trackers and the individual birds these are mounted on, see https://inbo.cartodb.com/u/lifewatch/tables/bird_tracking_devices/public.

Quality control

See the section Sampling description for more details: our import procedure (https://github.com/LifeWatchINBO/bird-tracking/blob/master/cartodb/import-procedure.md) and standardization to Darwin Core (https://github.com/LifeWatchINBO/data-publication/blob/master/datasets/bird-tracking-gull-occurrences/mapping/dwc-occurrence.sql) are publicly documented.

Method Steps

  1. Researcher captures bird, takes biometrics, attaches GPS tracker, and releases bird.
  2. Researcher sets a measurement scheme, which can be updated anytime.
  3. GPS tracker records data.
  4. GPS tracker automatically receives new measurement settings and transmits recorded data when a connection can be established with the base station at the colony.
  5. Recorded data are automatically harvested, post-processed, and stored in a central PostgreSQL database at UvA-BiTS.
  6. LifeWatch INBO team periodically exports tracking data to CartoDB and makes these publicly accessible.
  7. LifeWatch INBO team periodically (re)publishes data as a Darwin Core Archive, registered with GBIF.
  8. Data stream stops when bird no longer returns to colony or if GPS tracker no longer functions (typical tracker lifespan: 2-3 years).

References

Bouten W., Baaij E.W., Shamoun-Baranes J., Camphuysen K.C.J. (2013) A flexible GPS tracking system for studying bird behaviour at multiple scales. Journal of Ornithology 154 (2): 571-580. doi: 10.1007/s10336-012-0908-1
http://doi.org/10.1007/s10336-012-0908-1