Flora Mycologica Iberica Project data…

Occurrence dataset published by Real Jardín Botánico (CSIC)

  • 54,138

    Occurrences
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Summary

Full Title

Flora Mycologica Iberica Project database

Description

The database contains detailed information on several fungus groups. The information has been revised, and in many time compiled, by expert mycologist(s) working on the monographs for the Flora Mycologica Iberica project (FMI). Records comprise both collection and observational data, obtained from a variety of sources including field work, herbaria, and literature. The database contains 54,138 records, of which 20,813 are georeferenced. The geographical scope of the dataset is Iberian Peninsula (Andorra, continental Portugal and Spain) and Balearic Islands. The complete dataset is provided in Darwin Core Archive format.

Purpose

This dataset was conceived within the FMI Project to serve two purposes: 1. To gather the available information on Iberian fungi as published on the scientific literature, to establish a baseline knowledge level for the project and provide basic information upon which to elaborate the project's monographs, among other purposes. 2. To incorporate the primary data produced and compiled during the project to the previously available information, and thus providing updated and validated data on Iberian fungi. These data were gathered or verified by professional researches, many of whom also authored the project's monographs (see under References). Primary data added in this way mostly came from studied herbarium specimens and field campaigns. Targeted field surveys on sites poorly known and of ecological or conservation relevance were carried out within the framework of the project. The primary data were also made available as publication in the "Cuadernos de Trabajo de Flora Micologica" series (see References).

Temporal coverages

Date range: Jan 1, 1870 - Feb 20, 2012

Language of Metadata

ENGLISH

Language of Data

SPANISH

Administrative contact
Francisco Pando
Researcher
Real Jardín Botánico -CSIC Claudio Moyano 1 28014 Madrid Madrid Spain +34914203017
Metadata author
Francisco Pando
Researcher
Real Jardín Botánico -CSIC Plaza de Murillo, 2 28014 Madrid Madrid Spain +34 91 420 30 17
Originator
Francisco Pando
Researcher
Real Jardín Botánico -CSIC Claudio Moyano 1 28014 Madrid Madrid Spain +34914203017

doi:10.15468/sssx1e

Published by

Real Jardín Botánico (CSIC)

Publication Date

Feb 3, 2016

Registration Date

Apr 3, 2007

Hosted by

GBIF-Spain

Served by

GBIF Spain IPT

Links

Alternative Identifiers

External Data

Metadata Documents

20,808 Georeferenced data

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All records | In viewable area

Description

Iberian Peninsula, South-Western Europe

About

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Other Contacts

Author
Javier Rodríquez Pérez
N/A
IMEDEA (CSIC-UIB) Miguel Marqués, 21 07190 Esporles Spain
Author
Luis Alberto Parra
N/A
N/A Av. del Padre Claret, 7 09400 Aranda de Duero Spain
Author
Francisco Calonge
Professor emeritus
Real Jardín Botánico -CSIC Claudio Moyano 1 28014 Madrid Madrid Spain +34914203017
Author
Carlos Lado
Researcher
Real Jardín Botánico -CSIC Claudio Moyano 1 28014 Madrid Madrid Spain +34914203017
Author
Pablo Pérez-Daniëls
N/A
Consultant Playa de Gandía, 5 E28669 Boadilla del Monte Spain
Author
Enrique Descals
Researcher
IMEDEA (CSIC-UIB) Miguel Marqués, 21 07190 Esporles Spain
Author
Teresa Almaraz
N/A
c/ Pasamar, 2 c/ Pasamar, 2 28003 Las Rozas Spain
Author
Michel Heykoop
Alcalá de Henares
Departamento de Biología Vegetal Departamento de Biología Vegetal 28871 Alcalá de Henares Spain
Author
Gabriel Moreno
University professor
Departamento de Biología Vegetal Departamento de Biología Vegetal 28871 Alcalá de Henares Spain
Author
Ricardo Galán
University professor
Departamento de Biología Vegetal Departamento de Biología Vegetal 28871 Alcalá de Henares Spain
Principal investigator
Miriam Blanco
University professor
Universidad de Alcalá Departamento de Biología Vegetal 28871 Alcalá de Henares Spain
Author
Carlos Illana
University professor
Universidad de Alcalá Departamento de Biología Vegetal 28871 Alcalá de Henares Spain
Author
Fernando Esteve-Raventós
University professor
Universidad de Alcalá Departamento de Biología Vegetal 28871 Alcalá de Henares Spain
Author
Julia Checa
University professor
Universidad de Alcalá Departamento de Biología Vegetal 28871 Alcalá de Henares Spain
Author
M.Isabel Castro Cerceda
Proffesor
Universidade de Vigo Campus As Lagoas-Marcosende 36310 Vigo Spain
Author
Sergi Santamaria
University professor
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona Departamento de Biología Animal, de Biología Vegetal y de Ecología Edificio C Facultad de Biociencias 08193 Bellaterra Spain
Author
Isabel Salcedo
University professor
Universidad del País Vasco / Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea Dpto. Biología Vegetal y Ecología (Botánica) Facultad de Ciencia y Tecnología. Apdo. 644 48080 Bilbao Spain
Author
Margarita Dueñas
Curator
Real Jardín Botánico -CSIC Claudio Moyano 1 28014 Madrid Madrid Spain +34914203017
Author
María Teresa Tellería
Professor
Real Jardín Botanico-CSIC Claudio Moyano, 1 28014 Madrid Madrid Spain +34914203017
Author
Jose Cardoso
Technical staff
Jardim Botânico, Museu Nacional de História Natural, Universidade de Lisboa Rua da Escola Politécnica, 58 1250-102 Lisboa Lisboa Portugal
Author
Ireneia Melo
Researcher
Jardim Botânico, Museu Nacional de História Natural, Universidade de Lisboa Rua da Escola Politécnica, 58 1250-102 Lisboa Lisboa Portugal
Author
Francisco Pando
Researcher
Real Jardín Botánico -CSIC Real Jardín Botánico -CSIC; Claudio Moyano 1 28014 Madrid Madrid Spain 34914203017
Point of contact
Francisco Pando
Researcher
Real Jardín Botánico -CSIC Claudio Moyano 1 28014 Madrid Madrid Spain +34914203017
Administrative contact
Francisco Pando

Taxonomic Coverage

Datases comprising distribution records of fungus species belonging to selected groups (Agaricomycetes, Dothideomycetes, Mycetozoa, Laboulbeniomycetes, Ustilaginomycetes and Acuatic hyphomycetes) found in the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands (Western Europe). Sources included literature, herbaria and field surveys.

CLASS
Myxomycetes (Mycetozoa, Protozoa), Laboulbeniomycetes, Ustilaginomycetes, Acuatic hyphomycetes (informal group)
ORDER
Agaricales, Boletales, Dothideales, Cantharellales, Corticiales, Gomphales, Hymenochaetales, Laboulbeniales, Phallales, Polyporales, Russulales, Thelephorales, Ustilaginales, Echinosteliales, Physarales, Trhichiales, Stemonitales, Agaricomycetes, Dothideomycetes

Flora Mycologica Iberica

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Study area description

Terrestrial biomes and freshwater environments in the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands

Design description

The final objective of the FMI project was to make a critical flora which enables the identification of fungi naturally growing in the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands (excluding parasites of humans and other mammals). One of the pillars in pursuing this objective was the compilation of the literature-based information about Iberian fungi. This was planned as two-step process, first to compile a bibliography of all published works citing fungi from the Iberian Peninsula (Pando et al. 1990; Cardoso & Melo, 1992, Pando, 1996). This in itself is a very robust resource for carrying out on all kinds of studies involving fungi in the Iberian Peninsula. Second phase was to enter into a database chorological records (occurrences) contained in those publications. We soon realized that to start from A to Z was going to be a never-ending job; so we switched strategy, , quitted that approach and instead aimed to compiled a dataset of all genera cited in all publications. That task was accomplished surprisingly quickly (c. 79,000 genus -publication entries for c. 10,000 works in less than two years). With that information at hand, we could then target the specific publications and occurrences needed for the monographs to be prepared within the FMI project. Data entry management and publication was carried out using the Bibmaster software (Pando & al, 2004). Manuals and guidelines were prepared to determine data entry and quality control procedures. Two were published (Pando, 1991; Pando & al. 1999).

Funding

Funded by Spanish Government under its National Science Plan through its Competitive Grant Programs. Awards: Flora Mycologica I DGCYT PB87-0370 Flora Mycologica II DGCYT PR92-0012 Flora Mycologica III DGES PB95-0129-C03 Flora Mycologica IV PB98-0538-C04 Flora Mycologica V REN2002-04068-C02-01 Data capture covered mostly by an agreement between CSIC and National Institute Of Employment (INEM). Program: Módulo documentación Botánica INEM-CSIC

Project Personnel

Administrative contact
Francisco Pando

Methodology

Study extent

The main source for the study was the literature collation and herbarium revision for data on the selected fungal groups in the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Island. The information was complemented by targeted field campaigns on sites poorly known and of ecological or conservation relevance.

Sampling description

These two data avenues are subjected to different methodologies. Data collation from literature references. Three procedures are defined in this area: 1) To Identify and obtain relevant publications. A set of explicit criteria to determine whether a publication was or not eligible to be included into the database was defined. These were published by Pando (1991:11-13). The library of the Real Jardín Botánico-CSIC was the main source for literature. When an eligible publication was identified and not found in this library a copy was obtained by the usual procedures (library exchange, colleagues, etc) and deposited in the library. 2) Treated genus data entry. Genus names were extracted in a systematic way from the publications and entered into the database. Publications and genus names compiled until 1995 were published in three volumes of the "Cuadernos de Trabajo" series (Pando et al. 1990; Cardoso & Melo, 1992; Pando, 1996). At this point the database contained data from c. 5,000 publications, at the end of the project this gathered data pertaining to c. 10,000 publications. 3) Occurrence data entry Although different approaches were explored at the beginning of the project, a procedure in which occurrence records were entered targeting specific taxonomic groups, on the basis of the project's priorities and the schedule for the publication of the monographs was soon consolidated. An effort was made to record all information associated to each occurrence, following an established schema, as described by Pando (1991). These works were mostly carried out by a small team of data entry technicians and supervisors, with the support of the Project's scientific team. Primary data produced and compiled as part of the research conducted within the projects, by researches with the project, were also incorporated into the database. These come from studied specimens held in herbaria or fields surveys carried out within the framework of the project. These data were in many cases published as the "Bases Corológicas series in "Cuadernos de Trabajo" (See References).

Quality control

Quality control and assurance comprises a number of procedures, references and tools along the data life cycle. These can be summarized as follows: A manual on what to capture and what not and hpw to capture the information was developed and published (Pando, 1991). International standards approved or endorsed by the "Biodiversity Information Standards/TDWG). Specifically the following were used Brummitt & Powell (1992), Lawrence & al. (1968), TL-2 (Stafleu & Cowan (1976-1987; Stafleu & Mennega, 1993-2000; Dorr & Nicolson, 2008, 2009 ). Additionally, the following works were use a reference for taxonomic names:Farr& al. (1979, 1986), Dictionary of Fungi (Hawksworth & al. 1983, 1995; Kirk & al. 2001, 2008), Saccardo (1882-1972) The dbase management system (Pando & al., 2004), had many of these standards build-in as dictionaries and controlled vocabularies All newly entered records were checked against the actual publications by the supervisors as part of the database work flow. A final check was done by the "Bases Corológicas" authors and editors as part of the publication process. Dataset publication in the GBIF network include data transformation to comply with the Darwin Core specification (Wieczorek & al., 2012) and further validation procedures (geographic coordinate format, coordinates within country/provincial boundaries, absence of ASCII anomalous characters in the dataset) using DARWIN_TEST (v3.3) software (Ortega-Maqueda & Pando 2008).

Method Steps

  1. N/A

References

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ALMARÁZ. T. (ED.). (1996). Bases corológicas de Flora Micológica Ibérica. 693-894. Cuad. Trab. Flora Micol. Iber. 9: 1-242

CALONGE, F.D (1998). Gasteromycetes I. Lycoperdales, Nidulariales, Phallales, Sclerodermatales, Tulostomatales. Flora Mycologica Iberica. Vol. 3. 272 pp

CARDOSO. J. & I. MELO (1992). lnformacio bibliográfica II. Portugal. Cuad. Trab. Flora Micol. Iber. 5: 1-96

CASTRO CERCEDA. M.L, J. CHECA & F. PANDO (1997). Bases corológicas de Flora Micológica Ibérica. Adiciones y números 1224-1411. Cuad. Trab. Flora Micol. Iber. 12: 1-192

CHECA, J. (2004). Dictyosporic Dothideales. Flora Mycologica Iberica. Vol. 6. 162 pp

DESCALS, E. & J. RODRÍQUEZ (2003). Bases corológicas de Flora Micológica Ibérica. Números 1933-2069. Cuad. Trab. Flora Micol. Iber. 18: 1-200

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ORTEGA-MAQUEDA, I. & PANDO, F. (2008). DARWIN TEST (Versión): Una aplicación para la validación y el chequeo de los datos en formato Darwin Core 1.2 or Darwin Core 1.4.

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SANTAMARÍA, S. (1998). Laboulbeniales I. Laboulbenia. Flora Mycologica Iberica. Vol. 4. 187 pp

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SANTAMARÍA, S. (2003). Acompsomyces-Ilyomyces. Flora Mycologica Iberica. Vol. 5. 344 pp

TELLERÍA M.T. (ED.) (1991). Tellería. M.T. (ed.). Cuad. Trab. Flora Micol. Iber. 3: 1-188

TELLERÍA M.T. (ED.) (1992). Bases corológicas de Flora Micológica Ibérica. 133-249. Cuad. Trab. Flora Micol. Iber. 4: 1-208

TELLERÍA M.T. (ED.) (1993). Bases corológicas de Flora Micológica Ibérica. 250-375. Cuad. Trab. Flora Micol. Iber. 6: 1-182

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