Flora-On: occurrence data of the flo…

Occurrence dataset published by Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica

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Summary

Full Title

Flora-On: occurrence data of the flora of mainland Portugal

Description

This dataset results from the data gathered in the platform Flora-On ( http://www.flora-on.pt/ ), which contains observation records of vascular plants within mainland Portugal, made by an array of collaborators. Observations are uploaded directly by collaborators, who are either experienced botanists/naturalists, or occasional collaborators. In this latter case, the observations are first validated by the Editorial Board before publication. The Editorial Board is committed to ensure that only the most rigorous data is published, and it does not release observations whose uncertainty is judged to be high. Flora-On was created by and is kept up exclusively through the voluntary work of associate members of Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica (Botanical Society of Portugal), its maintenance costs being supported only by the membership fees of the associates.

Temporal coverages

Date range: Jan 1, 1995 - Feb 9, 2016

Language of Metadata

ENGLISH

Language of Data

PORTUGUESE

Originator
André Carapeto
Member of the Board
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Travessa do Jardim, nº3, A-dos-Potes 2615-018 Alverca do Ribatejo Portugal
Metadata author
Miguel Porto
Chairman of the Board of Directors
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Travessa do Jardim, nº3, A-dos-Potes 2615-018 Alverca do Ribatejo Portugal
Administrative contact
Miguel Porto
Chairman of the Board of Directors
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Travessa do Jardim, nº3, A-dos-Potes 2615-018 Alverca do Ribatejo Portugal

doi:10.15468/gi6aum

Published by

Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica

Publication Date

Feb 19, 2016

Registration Date

May 4, 2015

Served by

Flora-On datasets

Links

Alternative Identifiers

External Data

Metadata Documents

250,048 Georeferenced data

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Description

Portugal mainland

About

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Other Contacts

Content provider
Miguel Porto
Associate Member
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Paulo Ventura Araújo
Associate Member
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Francisco Clamote
Associate Member
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
João Lourenço
Collaborator
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Ana Júlia Pereira
Associate Member
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
João Domingues Almeida
Associate Member
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
David T. Holyoak
Collaborator
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Paulo Pereira
Associate Member
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Estevão Portela-Pereira
Associate Member
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Alexandre Silva
Associate Member
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Carlos Aguiar
Associate Member
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Tiago Monteiro-Henriques
Collaborator
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Cristina Tauleigne Gomes
Associate Member
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Paulo Silveira
Associate Member
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Udo Schwarzer
Associate Member
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Rute Caraça
Collaborator
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Sergio Chozas
Associate Member
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Paula Canha
Collaborator
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Filipe Covelo
Collaborator
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Eduardo Marabuto
Collaborator
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
João Farminhão
Associate Member
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Sílvia Ribeiro
Collaborator
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Paulo Cardoso
Associate Member
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Miguel Peixoto
Associate Member
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Nuno Guiomar
Collaborator
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
José Manuel Rosa-Pinto
Collaborator
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Valter Jacinto
Collaborator
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Horst Engels
Collaborator
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Vasco Silva
Associate Member
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Adelaide Clemente
Collaborator
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Cristina Silva
Collaborator
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Content provider
Other collaborators of Flora-On.pt
Collaborators
Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica Portugal
Programmer
Miguel Porto

Taxonomic Coverage

All observations are identified at least to species level, or an inferior rank when possible.

KINGDOM
Plantae (Vascular plants)

Flora-On, Interactive Flora of Portugal

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Study area description

The area of mainland Portugal is about 89 015 km2 and it is situated in the Mediterranean biogeographic region. The largest part of the territory falls in the mediterranean macrobioclimate and a small area in the north fits in the temperate macrobioclimate. Orography is mostly gentle in the southern part and rugged in the northern part, where the highest peak is located (1991 m above sea level).

Design description

The project aims to provide users the most up-to-date data on Portuguese flora, through a set of interactive tools to visualize, query and explore the data. Highlights include: 1) a Bioclimatic Explorer, which allows projecting species occurrences (or occurrences of a compound query) in a climatic space ( http://www.flora-on.pt/#b ); 2) an interactive multiple-way identification key ( http://www.flora-on.pt/#z ); 3) an innovative WebGIS, allowing to overlay distribution layers not only for individual species but also richness-graduated layers made from compound queries ( http://www.flora-on.pt/#w ); 4) an all-in-one search box, linked to the previous tools, which allows to search species by a vast array of keywords related to habitat, morphology, flowering date, altitudinal range, location, climatic preferences and names; and 5) a Web Feature Service, which serves always up-to-date distribution maps ( http://www.flora-on.pt/wfs ). The project has currently occurrence data spread over the whole country, but intensively sampled areas are still limited to the more coastal regions and a few spots in the interior. On average, 50000 new occurrences are uploaded into Flora-On each year. This dataset will thus be updated on a regular basis.

Funding

The project receives no funding from any sources, and is entirely built and maintained with volunteer work; however, some externally funded projects have contributed with data to this project. Maintenance costs of the web server are covered by the membership fees of the associates of Sociedade Portuguesa de Botânica (Botanical Society of Portugal).

Project Personnel

Programmer
Miguel Porto

Methodology

Collections

Study extent

This dataset includes observations falling within mainland Portugal, most of which are posterior to the date the platform Flora-On was made available online (25/Feb/2012), although there is an important volume of data starting from the 1990 decade.

Sampling description

A large portion of the records corresponds to non-exhaustive observations of collaborators, but there is also an important part of it that was originated from exhaustive field sampling campaigns. Plants are identified at least to species level either in the field or in the lab, and phenological state is recorded if in bloom. In general, no specimens are collected.

Quality control

Taxon nomenclature is fully controlled with a reference list, allowing neither spelling errors nor outdated synonyms. The reference checklist includes only the currently accepted names, which correspond to an updated version of the "Checklist da Flora de Portugal (Continental, Açores e Madeira)" ( http://ipt.gbif.pt/ipt/resource.do?r=alfa_checklist_florapt ) Exact GPS coordinates are stored in Flora-On.pt whenever possible, but are generalized to the UTM 10x10 km grid in this dataset. The responsibility of species identification rests with the collaborators, most of which have expertise in plant identification. Additionally, the Editorial Board of Flora-On is committed to ensure a high reliability of uploaded data, hence checking regularly for unlikely or doubtful occurrence records, and asking collaborators to provide pictures, descriptions or specimens whenever needed. The Editorial Board estimates at least 95% of the records to be correctly identified under the most up-to-date nomenclature.

Method Steps

  1. GPS coordinates are recorded by the collaborators (if possible), and plants identified at least to species level
  2. Record data is uploaded to Flora-On.pt by the collaborators, either using a webmapping interface or uploading a record table
  3. Coordinates are generalized to the UTM 10x10 km grid and are made publicly available for download in both the species factsheets and as a WFS service: http://www.flora-on.pt/wfs

Collection name

Flora-On: Interactive Flora of Portugal

Collection Identifier

c9d06ad2-6369-47dd-9372-ade1a5055096

Parent Collection Identifier

Not applicable