Extracted from the Mendeley GBIF Public Library.
Chingwaru W, Vidmar J, Kapewangolo P (2015)
The Potential of Sub-Saharan African Plants in the Management of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infections: A Review.
Phytotherapy research : PTR 29(10) 1452-87.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in Southern Africa. Phytomedicines are an integral part of African health care. The Southern African flora is composed of at least 23 400 taxa. Despite this richness, only a handful of botanical products have been assessed for activities against HIV. This study aimed to summarize the potential of Sub-Saharan African plants, based on their composition and the established bioactivities, as sources of agents to manage HIV symptoms and as retroviral therapy. At least 109 plant species from 42 families and 94 genera that are found in Southern Africa were shown to have potential or actual activities against HIV. Only 12 of these plant species from 6 families and 10 genera were shown to harbour anti-HIV properties. Phytochemicals that include β-sitosterols, terpenoids, glycosides, saponins, flavonoids, triterpenoids, tannins and alkaloids, which harbour anti-HIV properties, were found to have a near cosmopolitan presence across the plant families in the region. Bioactivities of multiple phytochemicals are comparable to those for standard allopathic antiretroviral drugs. Research to determine the anti-HIV activities of the identified and other plants, including clinical trials, is long overdue. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Keywords: HIV, Southern Africa, bioactivity, composition, phytochemicals
Weigand A, Jochum A, Slapnik R, Schnitzler J, Zarza E, Klussmann-Kolb A (2013)
Evolution of microgastropods (Ellobioidea, Carychiidae): integrating taxonomic, phylogenetic and evolutionary hypotheses
BMC Evolutionary Biology 13(1) 18.
Keywords: Allopatric diversification, Carychium, Cryptic diversity, DNA barcoding, Gastropoda, Integrative taxonomy, Phylogeny, Protracted speciation, Subterranean environment, Zospeum