Uses of GBIF in scientific research

Peer-reviewed research citing GBIF as a data source, with at least one author from Russian Federation.
For all researches, please visit our "Peer-reviewed publications" page.

List of publications

  • Dufresnes C, Litvinchuk S, Leuenberger J, Ghali K, Zinenko O, Stöck M et al. (2016)

    Evolutionary melting pots: a biodiversity hotspot shaped by ring diversifications around the Black Sea in the Eastern tree frog ( Hyla orientalis )

    Molecular Ecology.

    Hotspots of intraspecific genetic diversity, which are of primary importance for the conservation of species, have been associated to glacial refugia, i.e. areas where species survived the Quaternary climatic oscillations. However, the proximate mechanisms generating these hotspots remain an open issue. Hotspots may reflect the long-term persistence of large refugial populations; alternatively, they may result from allopatric differentiation between small and isolated populations, that later admixed. Here we test these two scenarios in a widely distributed species of tree frog, Hyla orientalis, which inhabits Asia Minor and Southeastern Europe. We apply a fine-scale phylogeographic survey, combining fast-evolving mitochondrial and nuclear markers, with a dense sampling throughout the range, as well as ecological niche modeling, to understand what shaped the genetic variation of this species. We documented an important diversity center around the Black Sea, composed of multiple allopatric and/or parapatric diversifications, likely driven by a combination of Pleistocene climatic fluctuations and complex regional topography. Remarkably, this diversification forms a ring around the Black Sea, from the Caucasus through Anatolia and Eastern Europe, with terminal forms coming into contact and partially admixing in Crimea. Our results support the view that glacial refugia generate rather than host genetic diversity, and can also function as evolutionary melting pots of biodiversity. Moreover, we report a new case of ring diversification, triggered by a large, yet cohesive dispersal barrier, a very rare situation in nature. Finally, we emphasize the Black Sea region as an important center of intraspecific diversity in the Palearctic with implications for conservation.

  • Pierce S, Negreiros D, Cerabolini B, Kattge J, Díaz S, Kleyer M et al. (2016)

    A global method for calculating plant CSR ecological strategies applied across biomes world-wide

    Functional Ecology.

    Competitor, stress-tolerator, ruderal (CSR) theory is a prominent plant functional strategy scheme previously applied to local floras. Globally, the wide geographic and phylogenetic coverage of available values of leaf area (LA), leaf dry matter content (LDMC) and specific leaf area (SLA) (representing, respectively, interspecific variation in plant size and conservative vs. acquisitive resource economics) promises the general application of CSR strategies across biomes, including the tropical forests hosting a large proportion of Earth's diversity. We used trait variation for 3068 tracheophytes (representing 198 families, six continents and 14 biomes) to create a globally calibrated CSR strategy calculator tool and investigate strategy–environment relationships across biomes world-wide. Due to disparity in trait availability globally, co-inertia analysis was used to check correspondence between a ‘wide geographic coverage, few traits’ data set and a ‘restricted coverage, many traits’ subset of 371 species for which 14 whole-plant, flowering, seed and leaf traits (including leaf nitrogen content) were available. CSR strategy/environment relationships within biomes were investigated using fourth-corner and RLQ analyses to determine strategy/climate specializations. Strong, significant concordance (RV = 0·597; P < 0·0001) was evident between the 14 trait multivariate space and when only LA, LDMC and SLA were used. Biomes such as tropical moist broadleaf forests exhibited strategy convergence (i.e. clustered around a CS/CSR median; C:S:R = 43:42:15%), with CS-selection associated with warm, stable situations (lesser temperature seasonality), with greater annual precipitation and potential evapotranspiration. Other biomes were characterized by strategy divergence: for example, deserts varied between xeromorphic perennials such as Larrea divaricata, classified as S-selected (C:S:R = 1:99:0%) and broadly R-selected annual herbs (e.g. Claytonia perfoliata; R/CR-selected; C:S:R = 21:0:79%). Strategy convergence was evident for several growth habits (e.g. trees) but not others (forbs). The CSR strategies of vascular plants can now be compared quantitatively within and between biomes at the global scale. Through known linkages between underlying leaf traits and growth rates, herbivory and decomposition rates, this method and the strategy–environment relationships it elucidates will help to predict which kinds of species may assemble in response to changes in biogeochemical cycles, climate and land use.

    Keywords: Comparative ecology, Grime’s CSR triangle, community assembly, plant economics spectrum, plant functional type, survival strategy, universal adaptive strategy theory

  • Wang H, Oskolski A, Jacques F, Wang Y, Zhou Z (2016)

    Lignified woods of Pinus (Pinaceae) from the late Miocene of central Yunnan, China, and their biogeographic and paleoclimatic implications


    Two new species, Pinus uniseriata and P. nanfengensis, were described on the basis of lignified fossil woods from the late Miocene of the Xianfeng Basin (central Yunnan, southwestern China). The woods of both species are characterized by gradual transition from early wood to late wood, predominantly uniseriate pitting in the tracheid walls, the absence of axial parenchyma and traumatic resin canals, the presence of axial and radial resin ducts, uniseriate rays, smooth to slightly pitted ray tracheids and pinoid/taxodioid pits in cross-field pits. They differ in that P. uniseriata wood has unisetiate marginal ray tracheids and taxodioid (occasionally cupressoid) pits whereas P. nanfengensis wood has ray tracheids usually arranged as biseriate, as well as pinoid and taxodioid cross-field pits. The fossil woods showed a considerable anatomical similarity to extant species P. bungeana and P. roxburghii, respectively, which are now absent from central Yunnan. Pinus uniseriata is the first macrofossil record for subsection Gerardianae. Pinus nanfengensis is the first fossil record of the subsection Pinaster outside Europe.

    Keywords: Central Yunnan, Fossil wood, Late Miocene, Paleoclimate, Pinus, Southwestern China

  • Wauchope H, Shaw J, Varpe , Lappo E, Boertmann D, Lanctot R et al. (2016)

    Rapid climate-driven loss of breeding habitat for Arctic migratory birds

    Global Change Biology.

    Millions of birds migrate to and from the Arctic each year, but rapid climate change in the High North could strongly affect where species are able to breed, disrupting migratory connections globally. We modelled the climatically suitable breeding conditions of 24 Arctic specialist shorebirds and projected them to 2070 and to the mid-Holocene climatic optimum, the world's last major warming event ~6000 years ago. We show that climatically suitable breeding conditions could shift, contract and decline over the next 70 years, with 66–83% of species losing the majority of currently suitable area. This exceeds, in rate and magnitude, the impact of the mid-Holocene climatic optimum. Suitable climatic conditions are predicted to decline acutely in the most species rich region, Beringia (western Alaska and eastern Russia), and become concentrated in the Eurasian and Canadian Arctic islands. These predicted spatial shifts of breeding grounds could affect the species composition of the world's major flyways. Encouragingly, protected area coverage of current and future climatically suitable breeding conditions generally meets target levels; however, there is a lack of protected areas within the Canadian Arctic where resource exploitation is a growing threat. Given that already there are rapid declines of many populations of Arctic migratory birds, our results emphasize the urgency of mitigating climate change and protecting Arctic biodiversity.

    Keywords: Beringia, flyway, maxent, mid-Holocene, protected areas, shorebirds, species distribution modelling, waders

  • Díaz S, Kattge J, Cornelissen J, Wright I, Lavorel S, Dray S et al. (2015)

    The global spectrum of plant form and function


    Earth is home to a remarkable diversity of plant forms and life histories, yet comparatively few essential trait combinations have proved evolutionarily viable in today’s terrestrial biosphere. By analysing worldwide variation in six major traits critical to growth, survival and reproduction within the largest sample of vascular plant species ever compiled, we found that occupancy of six-dimensional trait space is strongly concentrated, indicating coordination and trade-offs. Three-quarters of trait variation is captured in a two-dimensional global spectrum of plant form and function. One major dimension within this plane reflects the size of whole plants and their parts; the other represents the leaf economics spectrum, which balances leaf construction costs against growth potential. The global plant trait spectrum provides a backdrop for elucidating constraints on evolution, for functionally qualifying species and ecosystems, and for improving models that predict future vegetation based on continuous variation in plant form and function.

    Keywords: Beringia, flyway, maxent, mid-Holocene, protected areas, shorebirds, species distribution modelling, waders

  • Feuda R, Bannikova A, Zemlemerova E, Di Febbraro M, Loy A, Hutterer R et al. (2015)

    Tracing the evolutionary history of the mole, Talpa europaea , through mitochondrial DNA phylogeography and species distribution modelling

    Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 114(3) 495-512.

    Our understanding of the effect of Pleistocene climatic changes on the biodiversity of European mammals mostly comes from phylogeographical studies of non-subterranean mammals, whereas the influence of glaciation cycles on subterranean mammals has received little attention. The lack of data raises the question of how and to what extent the current amount and distribution of genetic variation in subterranean mammals is the result of Pleistocene range contractions/expansions. The common mole (Talpa europaea) is a strictly subterranean mammal, widespread across Europe, and represents one of the best candidates for studying the influence of Quaternary climatic oscillation on subterranean mammals. Cytochrome b sequences, as obtained from a sampling covering the majority of the distribution area, were used to evaluate whether Pleistocene climate change influenced the evolution of T. europaea and left a trace in the genetic diversity comparable to that observed in non-subterranean small mammals. Subsequently, we investigated the occurrence of glacial refugia by comparing the results of phylogeographical analysis with species distribution modelling. We found three differentiated mitochondrial DNA lineages: two restricted to Spain and Italy and a third that was widespread across Europe. Phylogenetic inferences and the molecular clock suggest that the Spanish moles represent a highly divergent and ancient lineage, highlighting for the first time the paraphyly of T. europaea. Furthermore, our analyses suggest that the genetic break between the Italian and the European lineages predates the last glacial phase. Historical demography and spatial principal component analysis further suggest that the Last Glacial Maximum left a signature both in the Italian and in the European lineages. Genetic data combined with species distribution models support the presence of at least three putative glacial refugia in southern Europe (France, Balkan Peninsula and Black Sea) during thelast glacial maximum that likely contributed to post-glacial recolonization of Europe. By contrast, the Italian lineage remained trapped in the Italian peninsula and, according to the pattern observed in other subterranean mammals, did not contribute to the recolonization of northern latitudes

    Keywords: Europe, Last Glacial Maximum, SDM, cytochrome b, glacial refugia, historical demography, paraphyly, phylogenetics, sPCA

  • Loskutov I, Melnikova S, Bagmet L (2015)

    Eco-geographical assessment of Avena L. wild species at the VIR herbarium and genebank collection

    Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution.

    On the bases of analysis of the collecting sites of 1160 herbarium specimens and 1640 genebank accessions of wild Avena L. species from the world collection of the Vavilov Institute of Plant Genetic Resources maps of areas of the species were produced data base. A comparison of the climate conditions of the Mediterranean, Southwestern Asiatic and Abyssinian centers of diversity with those of the oat species distribution areas shows that all oat species mostly prefer the moderately hot, semi-arid and dry climate. An analysis of the range of soils in the areas of wild oat species distribution has shown that the collected accessions, preferred different types of soil. When considering the soil diversity within the areas of natural distribution of wild oat species, it could be established that the majority of diploid and tetraploid taxa prefer to grow on mountain or plain cinnamon soils; the hexaploid taxa favorites were the mountain forest brown or red-brown soils, as well as subtropical desert soils. An analysis of the database of geographic distribution on wild oat species showed a full picture of oat species diversity, and a basis to make plans concerning further collecting activities or a basis for selecting potential sources of novel genes that can improve some valuable traits and characters to use them for practical purposes.

    Keywords: Avena, Climate, Collecting sites, Data base, Genebank accessions, Herbarium specimens, Types of soils, Wild species

  • Orlov A, Cotton C (2015)

    New data on the rare deep-sea skate Amblyraja jenseni (Rajidae) from the North Atlantic Ocean

    Journal of Ichthyology 55(4) 478-496.

    In this study we present the most complete description of color variation, morphometric and meristic characters for the rare deep-sea North Atlantic Jensen’s skate Amblyraja jenseni, based on analyses of a wide range of accessible material. Comparisons of external morphological characters of male and female specimens of varying sizes and from different regions of the North Atlantic indicated regional morphological differences likely due to prolonged geographic isolation of local populations of this species. The vast majority of individuals exhibited a “dark” coloration, with a less common “light” coloration observed particularly among skates from the waters of the northeast and northwest Atlantic. Only dark-colored skates were found in the waters of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. We also provide new data on the habitat, vertical distribution and size of the Jensen’s skate.

    Keywords: Amblyraja jenseni, Jensen’s skate, North Atlantic, color, dimorphism, external morphology, meristics, morphometrics

  • Orlova-Bienkowskaja M, Ukrainsky A, Brown P (2015)

    Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in Asia: a re-examination of the native range and invasion to southeastern Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan

    Biological Invasions.

    Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) is an invasive ladybird spreading in several continents. It is native to East Asia, but its range in Asia has until now been poorly understood. The most complete map of the range of Harmonia axyridis in Asia has been compiled (432 localities). Harmonia axyridis occurs in the south-east of West Siberia, the south of East Siberia, the south of Russian Far East, the east of Kazakhstan, the north of Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, China, North Korea, South Korea, Japan, and the north of Vietnam. Southeastern Kazakhstan and the north of Kyrgyzstan are not a part of the native range: the large Balkhash Desert is situated between this mountainous region and the nearest part of the native range (Altai mountains). The analysis of dates and places of findings indicates that Harmonia axyridis appeared in southeastern Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan after the construction of the Turkestan-Siberian Railway. It is hypothesized that the beetles crossed the desert along this railway.

    Keywords: Coccinellidae, Harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis, Invasive species, Multicolored Asian lady beetle, Native range

  • Ware C, Berge J, Jelmert A, Olsen S, Pellissier L, Wisz M et al. (2015)

    Biological introduction risks from shipping in a warming Arctic

    Journal of Applied Ecology.

    1.Several decades of research on invasive marine species have yielded a broad understanding of the nature of species invasion mechanisms and associated threats globally. However, this is not true of the Arctic, a region where ongoing climatic changes may promote species invasion. Here we evaluated risks associated with non-indigenous propagule loads discharged with ships’ ballast water to the high-Arctic archipelago, Svalbard, as a case study for the wider Arctic. 2.We sampled and identified transferred propagules using traditional and DNA barcoding techniques. We then assessed the suitability of the Svalbard coast for non-indigenous species under contemporary and future climate scenarios using ecophysiological models based on critical temperature and salinity reproductive thresholds. 3.Ships discharging ballast water in Svalbard carried high densities of zooplankton (mean 1522 ± 335 SE individuals m−3), predominately comprised of indigenous species. Ballast water exchange did not prevent non-indigenous species introduction. Non-indigenous coastal species were present in all except one of 16 ballast water samples (mean 144 ± 67 SE individuals m−3), despite five of the eight ships exchanging ballast water en route. 4.Of a total of 73 taxa, 36 species including 23 non-indigenous species were identified. Of those 23, sufficient data permitted evaluation of the current and future colonization potential for eight widely-known invaders. With the exception of one of these species, modelled suitability indicated that the coast of Svalbard is unsuitable presently; under the 2100 RCP 8.5 climate scenario, however, modelled suitability will favour colonization for six species. 5.Synthesis and applications. We show that current ballast water management practices do not prevent non-indigenous species from being transferred to the Arctic. Consequences of these shortcomings will be shipping-route dependent, but will likely magnify over time: our models indicate future conditions will favour the colonization of non-indigenous species Arctic-wide. Invasion threats will be greatest where shipping transfers organisms across biogeographic realms, and for these shipping routes ballast water treatment technologies may be required to prevent impacts. Our results also highlight critical gaps in our understanding of ballast water management efficacy and prioritization. Thereby, our study provides an agenda for research and policy development.

    Keywords: Arctic, ballast water exchange, climate change, ecophysiological thresholds, habitat suitability, invasion, marine non-indigenous species, regeneration niche, shipping, zooplankton