Uses of GBIF in scientific research

Peer-reviewed research citing GBIF as a data source, with at least one author from Spain.
Extracted from the Mendeley GBIF Public Library.

List of publications

  • Aguilla, A., Arnau, V., 2015.


    Flora Montiberica 59 29-33.

    Rumex vesicarius L. (Polygonaceae), neophyte for the Valen- cian Flora (Spain, Western Mediterranean) . A neophyte for the Valencian flora, Bladder dock ( Rumex vesicarius , L.), is reported. The species was found at lowlands in the surroundings of Sagunto (Valencia), cl ose to the Mediterranean Sea. Plants formed a single population with 131 individua ls occupying 4.7 ha. A brief descrip- tion of the species is given and its genera l distribution and around the Mediterranean are reviewed, emphasizing its invasive potential. Key words : Rumex vesicarius L., Floristics, Neophyte, Invasi veness, Chorology, Valencia , Spain, Western Mediterra- nean.

  • Bradley, B., Early, R., Sorte, C., 2015.

    Space to invade? Comparative range infilling and potential range of invasive and native plants

    Global Ecology and Biogeography n/a-n/a.

    Aim Our understanding of potential ranges for native and non-native species is often based on their current geographic distributions. Non-native species have had less time than co-occurring native species to expand their ranges following introduction, so non-native ranges may under-represent suitable conditions. Therefore it is often assumed that species distribution models will predict disproportionately smaller potential ranges for non-natives than natives. We compare the distributions of native, endemic, alien and invasive plants to determine how the different range attributes of these groups might influence ecological forecasting. Location Continental USA. Methods We compared the geographic ranges of 13,575 plant species (9402 native, 2397 endemic, 1201 alien and 755 invasive) using (1) US only and (2) global distribution data from herbarium records. We calculated US longitudinal and latitudinal range extents as potential indicators of range-limiting factors, modelled potential range based on climate using principal components analysis, and calculated occupancy of potential ranges (range infilling). Results Contrary to expectations, modelled potential ranges were significantly larger for non-natives than natives, even for species with few occurrences. Distributions of native species, not invasive species, appeared strongly limited longitudinally. However, invasive plants occupied substantially less area within their climatically suitable ranges than native plants (lower range infilling). Main conclusions Invasive plant distributions were consistently broader, both climatically and geographically, than comparable native species. This suggests that invasive plant distribution models at regional scales are not underpredicting potential ranges relative to models for native species. In contrast, the comparatively limited longitudinal ranges of native species suggest a high degree of non-climatic limitation, which is likely to cause distribution models to underpredict the potential ranges of native species. Invasive plants have not achieved the degree of range infilling expected relative to natives. Thus, plants introduced to the US still have plenty of space to invade.

    Keywords: Alien, bioclimatic envelope model, dispersal, ecological niche model, equilibrium, exotic, introduced, occupancy, plant invasion

  • Ferretti, F., Morey Verd, G., Seret, B., Sulić Šprem, J., Micheli, F., 2015.

    Falling through the cracks: the fading history of a large iconic predator

    Fish and Fisheries n/a-n/a.

    Human impact on the oceans predates scientific observation, which for many animal populations has captured only recent changes. Such a limited knowledge can hamper finding optimal management and conservation strategies including setting appropriate recovery targets. Sawfishes are among the most endangered marine vertebrates in the ocean. Historical human impacts have resulted in sawfish extinction in many coastal areas around the world; however, in the Mediterranean Sea, their past presence and possible extinction have been debated for decades. Recently, it was concluded that the region never hosted resident populations because of unsuitable environmental conditions. Through an extensive bibliographic and archival search and an extinction analysis, we reconstructed the history of sawfishes in the Mediterranean Sea. Between 1576 and 1959, there were 48 independent accounts of the occurrence of two sawfish species (Pristis pristis, Pristidae and Pristis pectinata, Pristidae), including 24 documented catches. Sawfishes were mainly recorded in the western Mediterranean, in areas close to large rivers with light human impact. Most of the documented individuals were juveniles, suggesting local parturition. Extinction analyses yielded variable results and were affected by the sparseness of records but suggested that both species went extinct in the Mediterranean Sea in the 1960s–1970s. Our results challenge current assumptions on sawfish ecology and biogeography, offer new options for sawfish conservation in the Atlantic and highlight the importance of historical analyses for reconstructing ecosystem baselines and setting recovery targets.

    Keywords: bibliographic analysis, ecological baselines, extinction analyses, historical ecology, museum records, sawfish

  • García-Roselló, E., Guisande, C., Manjarrés-Hernández, A., González-Dacosta, J., Heine, J., Pelayo-Villamil, P., González-Vilas, L., Vari, R., Vaamonde, A., Granado-Lorencio, C., Lobo, J., 2015.

    Can we derive macroecological patterns from primary Global Biodiversity Information Facility data?

    Global Ecology and Biogeography n/a-n/a.

    Aim To determine whether the method used to build distributional maps from raw data influences the representation of two principal macroecological patterns: the latitudinal gradient in species richness and the latitudinal variation in range sizes (Rapoport's rule). Location World-wide. Methods All available distribution data from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) for those fish species that are members of orders of fishes with only marine representatives in each order were extracted and cleaned so as to compare four different procedures: point-to-grid (GBIF maps), range maps applying an α-shape [GBIF-extent of occurrence (EOO) maps], the MaxEnt method of species distribution modelling (GBIF-MaxEnt maps) and the MaxEnt method but restricted to the area delimited by the α-shape (GBIF-MaxEnt-restricted maps). Results The location of hotspots and the latitudinal gradient in species richness or range sizes are relatively similar in the four procedures. GBIF-EOO maps and most GBIF-MaxEnt-maps provide overestimations of species richness when compared with those present in a priori well-surveyed cells. GBIF-EOO maps seem to provide more reasonable world macroecological patterns. MaxEnt can erroneously predict the presence of species in environmentally similar cells of another hemisphere or in other regions that lie outside the range of the species. Limiting this overpredictive capacity, as in the case of GBIF-MaxEnt-restricted maps, seems to mimic the frequency of observations derived from a simple point-to-grid procedure, with the utility of this procedure consequently being limited. Main conclusions In studies of macroecological patterns at a global scale, the simple α-shape method seems to be a more parsimonious option for extrapolating species distributions from primary data than are distribution models performed indiscriminately and automatically with MaxEnt. GBIF data may be used in macroecological patterns if original data are cleaned, autocorrelation is corrected and species richness figures do not constitute obvious underestimations. Efforts therefore should focus on improving the number and quality of records that can serve as the source of primary data in macroecological studies.

    Keywords: Distribution models, GBIF, Rapoport' rule, macroecological patterns, marine fishes, point-to-grid, range maps

  • González-Moreno, P., Diez, J., Richardson, D., Vilà, M., 2015.

    Beyond climate: disturbance niche shifts in invasive species

    Global Ecology and Biogeography n/a-n/a.

    Aim Analysing how species niches shift between native and introduced ranges is a powerful tool for understanding the determinants of species distributions and for anticipating range expansions by invasive species. Most studies only consider the climatic niche, by correlating widely available presence-only data with regional climate. However, habitat characteristics and disturbance also shape species niches, thereby potentially confounding shifts attributed only to differences in climate. Here we used presence and abundance data for Oxalis pes-caprae, a species native to South Africa and invading areas globally, to understand how niche shifts may be influenced by disturbance at habitat and landscape scales in addition to climate. Locality Mediterranean climate areas world-wide. Methods We used available presence-only data and also conducted extensive surveys of the abundance of Oxalis (c. 11,000 plots) across different habitats in South Africa and in the introduced range in the Mediterranean Basin. We extended principal component analysis methods for measuring niche shifts by using Bayesian generalized linear models to identify climatic and disturbance niche shifts. Results We found a large climatic niche expansion towards stronger seasonality and lower temperature in the introduced range, but this expansion was greatly reduced when considering only conditions available in both ranges. Oxalis occupied more natural landscapes in the native range that remained unoccupied in the introduced range (‘niche unfilling’). In contrast to the similar abundances in natural and disturbed habitats in its native range, Oxalis was more abundant in disturbed habitats in the introduced range. Conclusions The large climatic niche expansion most likely reflects significant plasticity of Oxalis rather than rapid evolution. Furthermore, the unfilling of its disturbance niche in the introduced range suggests high potential for further invasion of natural areas. Together, these findings suggest that the potential for future spread of invasive species may be underestimated by approaches that characterize species niches based only on climate or partial information about their distributions.

    Keywords: Bayesian, Oxalis pes-caprae, biological invasions, invasion risk, niche conservatism, non-native species, reciprocal distribution modelling



    Flora Montiberica 59 72-82.

    Se comunica la presencia de Cardamine flexuosa With. s. str. co- mo primera cita para la Comunidad Valenciana y de Cardamine flexuosa subsp. de- bilis O. E. Schulz como primera cita para la provincia de Valencia. Se repasan cier- tos aspectos nomenclatural es, taxonómicos, corológicos y ecológicos referentes a los dos táxones, así como de Cardamine hirsuta L., especie morfológicamente afín. Se propone una clave dicotómica para la identificación y discriminación de estos tres táxones. Se informa sobre la probable vía de entrada de C. flexuosa s.l. y se eva- lúa su estado como posible potencial invasor. Palabras clave : Cardamine flexuosa subsp. debilis , taxonomía, especie alóctona, Com unidad Valenciana, Cruciferae, España.

    Keywords: Bayesian, Oxalis pes-caprae, biological invasions, invasion risk, niche conservatism, non-native species, reciprocal distribution modelling

  • Mairal, M., Pokorny, L., Aldasoro, J., Alarcón, M., Sanmartín, I., 2015.

    Ancient vicariance and climate-driven extinction explain continental-wide disjunctions in Africa: the case of the Rand Flora genus Canarina (Campanulaceae).

    Molecular ecology.

    Transoceanic distributions have attracted the interest of scientists for centuries. Less attention has been paid to the evolutionary origins of "continent-wide" disjunctions, in which related taxa are distributed across isolated regions within the same continent. A prime example is the "Rand Flora" pattern, which shows sister-taxa disjunctly distributed in the continental margins of Africa. Here, we explore the evolutionary origins of this pattern using the genus Canarina, with three species: C. canariensis, associated to the Canarian laurisilva, and C. eminii and C. abyssinica, endemic to the Afromontane region in East Africa, as case study. We infer phylogenetic relationships, divergence times, and the history of migration events within Canarina using Bayesian inference on a large sample of chloroplast and nuclear sequences. Ecological niche modelling was employed to infer the climatic niche of Canarina through time. Dating was performed with a novel nested approach to solve the problem that deep calibration points within a molecular dataset comprising both above-species and population-level sampling poses. Results show C. abyssinica as sister to a clade formed by disjunct C. eminii and C. canariensis. Miocene divergences were inferred among species, whereas infraspecific divergences fell within the Pleistocene-Holocene periods. Although C. eminii,and C. canariensis showed a strong genetic geographic structure, among-population divergences were older in the former than in the latter. Our results suggest that Canarina originated in East Africa and later migrated across North Africa, with vicariance and aridification-driven extinction explaining the 7000 km/ 7 million year divergence between the Canarian and East African endemics. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

    Keywords: Bayesian biogeography, climate-driven, continental islands, extinction, long-distance dispersal, nested, phylogenetic dating, vicariance

  • Pironon, S., Villellas, J., Morris, W., Doak, D., García, M., 2015.

    Do geographic, climatic or historical ranges differentiate the performance of central versus peripheral populations?

    Global Ecology and Biogeography n/a-n/a.

    Aim The ‘centre–periphery hypothesis’ (CPH) predicts that species performance (genetics, physiology, morphology, demography) will decline gradually from the centre towards the periphery of the geographic range. This hypothesis has been subjected to continuous debate since the 1980s, essentially because empirical studies have shown contrasting patterns. Moreover, it has been proposed that species performance might not be higher at the geographic range centre but rather at the environmental optimum or at sites presenting greater environmental stability in time. In this paper we re-evaluate the CPH by disentangling the effects of geographic, climatic and historical centrality/marginality on the demography of three widely distributed plant species and the genetic diversity of one of them. Location Europe and North America. Methods Based on a species distribution modelling approach, we test whether demographic parameters (vital rates, stochastic population growth rates, density) of three plant species of contrasting life-forms, and the genetic diversity of one of them, are higher at their geographic range centres, climatic optima or projected glacial refugia. Results While geographic, climatic and historical centre–periphery gradients are often not concordant, overall, none of them explain well the distribution of species demographic performance, whereas genetic diversity responds positively only to a historical centrality, related to post-glacial range dynamics. Main conclusions To our knowledge, this is the first assessment of the response of species performance to three centrality gradients, considering all the components of different species life cycles and genetic diversity information across continental distributions. Our results are inconsistent with the idea that geographically, climatically or historically marginal populations generally perform worse than central ones. We particularly emphasize the importance of adopting an interdisciplinary approach in order to understand the relative effects of contemporary versus historical and geographic versus ecological factors on the distribution of species performance.

    Keywords: Abundant-centre model, Last Glacial Maximum, central–marginal hypothesis, climatic niche, genetic diversity, latitude, plant demography, population performance, species distribution models

  • Teso, M., Ferrero, C., Trejo, A., Quijano, M., Lamas, E., Alegría, J., 2015.

    In situ conservation of CWR in Spain: present and future

    Crop Wild Relative,(10) 24-26.

    One of the tasks carried out under the frame of the PGR Secure project was the development of national strategies for the preservation of CWR across Europe. These national strategies have produced lists of prioritized CWR, inventories and also studied the in situ and ex situ conservation status of the CWR selected, as well as generated proposals for better conservation and better access to them (Fitzgerald, 2013; Rubio Teso et al., 2013; Panella et al., 2014).

    Keywords: Abundant-centre model, Last Glacial Maximum, central–marginal hypothesis, climatic niche, genetic diversity, latitude, plant demography, population performance, species distribution models

  • Aedo, C., Medina, L., Barberá, P., Fernández-Albert, M., 2014.

    Extinctions of vascular plants in Spain

    Nordic Journal of Botany Forthcoming.

    Th e catalogue of extinct plants in Spain, comprising 27 taxa is updated. Included are four species not previously classifi ed as extinct in Spain: Cyclamen purpurascens , Grammitis quaerenda , Stratiotes aloides and Vallisneria spiralis . We analyze the causes of extinction and explore the possible infl uence of botanical collections in species loss. Th e obtained data suggest that habitat loss has been the main cause of extinction and the impact of collecting is demonstrated to be irrelevant. We list the 21 species that have been designated as extinct in previous catalogues but which no longer have that status, 14 of them having been recovered thanks to botanical exploration and collection works.

    Keywords: Abundant-centre model, Last Glacial Maximum, central–marginal hypothesis, climatic niche, genetic diversity, latitude, plant demography, population performance, species distribution models