Uses of GBIF in scientific research

Peer-reviewed research citing GBIF as a data source, with at least one author from Austria.
Extracted from the Mendeley GBIF Public Library.

List of publications

  • Mirtl M., Bahn M., Battin T., Borsdorf A., Dirnböck T., Englisch M., Erschbamer B., Fuchsberger J., Gaube V., Grabherr G., Gratzer G., Haberl H., Klug H., Kreiner D., Mayer R., Peterseil J., Richter A., Schindler S., Stocker-Kiss A., Tappeiner U., Weisse, Z., 2015.



    The White Paper addresses the following key messages to stakeholders and infrastructure managers within the scientific field of “ecosystem research“ in Austria. These messages are presented in detail in Chapter 7 , which derives concrete suggestions for reorganization from these. An editorial team drawn from across a broad range of disciplines has produced this White Paper with the involvement of more than 100 experts from different panels and workshops, taking account of key European framework processes. (A) Creating framework conditions from an integrative, interdisciplinary perspective ➡ The scientific field of “ecosystem research” comprises three thematic areas, which address complex research issues: process-oriented ecosystem research, biodiversity and nature conservation research and socio-ecological research. (B) The diverse research projects addressing ecological and socio-ecological research issues require appropriate funding support ⇒ ➡ Research framework programmes or appropriately adapted awarding criteria for existing programmes. (C) Core financing for necessary infrastructure (incl. IT-related infrastructure) ⇒ ➡ Core financing in line with international models is a prerequisite for maintaining and further developing the necessary infrastructure for long-term environmental research and monitoring at the respective sites. (D) Pooling permanent sites for multiple utilization in national research strands and contributing to the European Research Area (ERA) ⇒ ➡ Creating a pool of priority sites with a model for their long-term trusteeship. This should enable Austria to contribute in a cost-efficient way to diverse European and international programmes and to ensure an appropriate reflux of funds. (E) Operational Headquarters as a hub connecting national and international activities ⇒ ➡ The coordination and documentation of LTER Sites in Austria will consolidate the stakeholder network, comprising research, practice, decision making and politics, and strengthen networking at international level. The integration of the sites’ databases ensures the multiple utilization of high value information

  • Chen, C., Qi, Z., Xu, X., Comes, H., Koch, M., Jin, X., Fu, C., Qiu, Y., 2014.

    Understanding the formation of Mediterranean-African-Asian disjunctions: evidence for Miocene climate-driven vicariance and recent long-distance dispersal in the Tertiary relict Smilax aspera (Smilacaceae)

    The New Phytologist 204(1) 243-55.

    Tethyan plant disjunctions, including Mediterranean-African-Asian disjunctions, are thought to be vicariant, but their temporal origin and underlying causes remain largely unknown. To address this issue, we reconstructed the evolutionary history of Smilax aspera, a hypothesized component of the European Tertiary laurel forest flora. Thirty-eight populations and herbarium specimens representing 57 locations across the species range were sequenced at seven plastid regions and the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region. Time-calibrated phylogenetic and phylogeographic inferences were used to trace ancestral areas and biogeographical events. The deep intraspecific split between Mediterranean and African-Asian lineages is attributable to range fragmentation of a southern Tethyan ancestor, as colder and more arid climates developed shortly after the mid-Miocene. In the Mediterranean, climate-induced vicariance has shaped regional population structure since the Late Miocene/Early Pliocene. At around the same time, East African and South Asian lineages split by vicariance, with one shared haplotype reflecting long-distance dispersal. Our results support the idea that geographic range formation and divergence of Tertiary relict species are more or less gradual (mostly vicariant) processes over long time spans, rather than point events in history. They also highlight the importance of the Mediterranean Basin as a centre of intraspecific divergence for Tertiary relict plants.

    Keywords: african, analyses, ancestral area reconstruction, chloroplast dna, disjunctions, eurasian, molecular dating, phylogenetic, phylogeographical inference

  • Sánchez, S., Gómez, E., Martín, M., De Miguel, A., Urban, A., Barriuso, J., 2014.

    Experiments on the life cycle and factors affecting reproduction of Sphaerosporella brunnea provide evidence for rapid asexual propagation by conidiospores and for homothallism in an ectomycorrhizal competitor of cultivated truffle species

    Fungal Ecology 8 59-65.

    Sphaerosporella brunnea is a pioneer and opportunist ectomycorrhizal species, and the most common fungal competitor in nurseries producing plants mycorrhized with Tuber species. Our objective was to learn more about its life cycle as the first step to manage its presence in greenhouses. Conidiation and formation of resting spore-like structures were found to be triggered by aeration and to be highest on CMA medium. In pot experiments S. brunnea was able to form ectomycorrhizas and ascocarps rapidly, in 2 and 3 months respectively, if substratum moisture was high. Both mycelia and conidiospores were effective sources of inoculum for mycorrhization. This species seems to be homothallic as apothecia have been obtained after inoculations with single monospore isolates. Propagation by mitospores and homothallism are poorly documented in ECM fungi, therefore these results may be of fundamental interest beyond the question of greenhouse management.

    Keywords: Conidiation, Controlled mycorrhization, Dichobotrys, Mycorrhized plants, Nurseries, Truffle cultivation

  • Vilaça, S., Biosa, D., Zachos, F., Iacolina, L., Kirschning, J., Alves, P., Paule, L., Gortazar, C., Mamuris, Z., Jędrzejewska, B., Borowik, T., Sidorovich, V., Kusak, J., Costa, S., Schley, L., Hartl, G., Apollonio, M., Bertorelle, G., Scandura, M., 2014.

    Mitochondrial phylogeography of the European wild boar: the effect of climate on genetic diversity and spatial lineage sorting across Europe

    Journal of Biogeography 41(5) 987-998.

    Aim: Climate changes in the past had a deep impact on the evolutionary history of many species and left genetic signatures that are often still detectable today. We investigated the geographical pattern of mitochondrial DNA divesity in the European wild boar (Sus scrofa). Our final aims were to clarify the influence of present and past climatic conditions, infer the geographical posi- tion of glacial refugia, and suggest post-glacial spatial dynamics. Location: Europe. Methods: D-loop sequences were obtained for 763 individuals from Portugal to western Russia. Phylogenetic, multivariate and interpolation methods were used to describe the genetic and geographical patterns. Climatic suitability during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) was predicted using MaxEnt. The effect of present and past suitability on the observed patterns of diversity was evaluated by multiple linear regression. Results: We confirmed the existence of a ubiquitous mitochondrial clade in Europe (E1), an endemic clade in Italy (E2) and a few East Asian haplotypes (A), presumably introgressed from domestic pigs. No Near Eastern haplotypes were detected. Genetic divergence was not simply related to geographical distance. A clear south–north decreasing gradient of diversity was observed, with maximum levels in putative glacial refugia. Latitudinal variation in climatic conditions during the LGM was shown to be a good predictor of current genetic diversity. Moreover, an unexpected similarity between Iberia and east- ern Europe was observed, while central European populations showed a higher affinity to the Italian gene pool. Main conclusions: The current distribution of mitochondrial genetic diversity was highly influenced by past climatic events, especially those related to the LGM, and is consistent with a major contribution of the Italian peninsula and the Balkans to the post-glacial recolonization of northern areas. More recent processes, such as restocking and extensive hunting, probably acted at rather local scales, without great impact on the global pattern of mitochondrial diversity.

    Keywords: Climate change, Last Glacial Maximum, Sus scrofa, genetic differentiation, glacial refugia, mtDNA, phylogeography

  • Follak, S., Dullinger, S., Kleinbauer, I., Moser, D., Essl, F., 2013.

    Invasion dynamics of three allergenic invasive Asteraceae (Ambrosia trifida, Artemisia annua , Iva xanthiifolia) in central and eastern Europe

    Preslia 85 41-61.

    We analyzed the history of the invasion, spread dynamics and habitat affiliation of three allergenic wind-pollinated species (Ambrosia trifida, Artemisia annua, Iva xanthiifolia; tribe Heliantheae, Asteraceae) in central and eastern Europe (CEE) using distribution data from a wide range of sources. In addition,we used niche-based ensemble modelling techniques to assess current invasion risk of the region studied.We collated 1804 records of A. annua, 1063 of I. xanthiifolia and 324 of A. trifida. All species were first recorded in the 19th century, remained rare until the middle of the 20th century, but have spread rapidly in recent decades. Iva xanthiifolia spread the fastest followed by A. annua. The latter species is nowabundant in northern Italy, along the Elbe river in Germany and the Danubian Lowland in Slovakia and Hungary, while I. xanthiifolia occurs most frequently in the warm and continental parts of CEE. Ambrosia trifida spread slowly and its current distribution con- sists of relatively few and mostly isolated localities in CEE. Ambrosia trifida and I. xanthiifolia occur primarily in ruderal habitats, whereas I. xanthiifolia has also increasingly invaded fields. Ini- tially confined to ruderal habitats, A. annua has expanded its habitat niche during the invasion and has invaded riverine vegetation and (semi-)natural habitats. Ensemble species-distribution models showthat the current distribution of A. trifida and A. annua in CEE is closely related to temperature and precipitation, whereas land use is only important for I. xanthiifolia. Under the current climate, substantial fractions of the study area provide suitable habitat for these species: A. trifida (16% of CEE), A. annua (28%) and I. xanthiifolia (26%). Because of their significant potential impact on public health, future spread of these species should be monitored and management strategies (e.g. raising awareness, early control) should urgently be implemented.

    Keywords: allergy, distribution, habitats, human health, impact, invasion history, invasive alien species, species distribution models, spread

  • Svobodová, E., Trnka, M., Dubrovský, M., Semerádová, D., Eitzinger, J., Žalud, Z., Štěpánek, P., 2013.

    Pest occurrence model in current climate – validation study for European domain

    Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis 61(1) 205-214.

    The present study yields detail validation of the pest occurrence models under current climate in wide European domain. Study organisms involve Cydia pomonella, Lobesia botrana, Ostrinia nubilalis, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, Oulema melanopus, Rhopalosiphum padi, and Sitobion avenae. Method used in this study belongs to the category climate matching (CLIMEX model) allowing the estimation of areas climatically favourable for species persistence based on the climatic parameters characterising the species development. In the process of model validation parameters were iteratively tested and altered to truly describe the pest presence. The modelled pests presence was verifi ed by comparison of the observed pests occurrence with the number of generations in given modelled area. The notable component of the model parameterization was the sensitivity analyses testing the reaction of species development on changing meteorological items. Parameterization of the factors causing distribution patterns of study species was successful and modelled potential distributions of species correspond well to known core distribution areas for all of these species. This validation study is intended as an initial for forthcoming studies focused on the estimation of geographical shi s of selected pests in the conditions of climate change within the Europe.

    Keywords: allergy, distribution, habitats, human health, impact, invasion history, invasive alien species, species distribution models, spread

  • Vinceti, B., Loo, J., Gaisberger, H., van Zonneveld, M., Schueler, S., Konrad, H., Kadu, C., Geburek, T., 2013.

    Conservation Priorities for Prunus africana Defined with the Aid of Spatial Analysis of Genetic Data and Climatic Variables

    PLoS ONE 8(3) e59987.

    Conservation priorities for Prunus africana, a tree species found across Afromontane regions, which is of great commercial interest internationally and of local value for rural communities, were defined with the aid of spatial analyses applied to a set of georeferenced molecular marker data (chloroplast and nuclear microsatellites) from 32 populations in 9 African countries. Two approaches for the selection of priority populations for conservation were used, differing in the way they optimize representation of intra-specific diversity of P. africana across a minimum number of populations. The first method (S1) was aimed at maximizing genetic diversity of the conservation units and their distinctiveness with regard to climatic conditions, the second method (S2) at optimizing representativeness of the genetic diversity found throughout the species’ range. Populations in East African countries (especially Kenya and Tanzania) were found to be of great conservation value, as suggested by previous findings. These populations are complemented by those in Madagascar and Cameroon. The combination of the two methods for prioritization led to the identification of a set of 6 priority populations. The potential distribution of P. africana was then modeled based on a dataset of 1,500 georeferenced observations. This enabled an assessment of whether the priority populations identified are exposed to threats from agricultural expansion and climate change, and whether they are located within the boundaries of protected areas. The range of the species has been affected by past climate change and the modeled distribution of P. africana indicates that the species is likely to be negatively affected in future, with an expected decrease in distribution by 2050. Based on these insights, further research at the regional and national scale is recommended, in order to strengthen P. africana conservation efforts.

    Keywords: allergy, distribution, habitats, human health, impact, invasion history, invasive alien species, species distribution models, spread

  • Alsos, I., Ehrich, D., Thuiller, W., Eidesen, P., Tribsch, A., Schönswetter, P., Lagaye, C., Taberlet, P., Brochmann, C., 2012.

    Genetic consequences of climate change for northern plants.

    Proceedings Biological sciences/ The Royal Society 279(1735) 2042-51.

    Climate change will lead to loss of range for many species, and thus to loss of genetic diversity crucial for their long-term persistence. We analysed range-wide genetic diversity (amplified fragment length polymorphisms) in 9581 samples from 1200 populations of 27 northern plant species, to assess genetic consequences of range reduction and potential association with species traits. We used species distribution modelling (SDM, eight techniques, two global circulation models and two emission scenarios) to predict loss of range and genetic diversity by 2080. Loss of genetic diversity varied considerably among species, and this variation could be explained by dispersal adaptation (up to 57%) and by genetic differentiation among populations (F(ST); up to 61%). Herbs lacking adaptations for long-distance dispersal were estimated to lose genetic diversity at higher rate than dwarf shrubs adapted to long-distance dispersal. The expected range reduction in these 27 northern species was larger than reported for temperate plants, and all were predicted to lose genetic diversity according to at least one scenario. SDM combined with F(ST) estimates and/or with species trait information thus allows the prediction of species' vulnerability to climate change, aiding rational prioritization of conservation efforts.

    Keywords: Adaptation, Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis, Biological, Climate Change, Conservation of Natural Resources, Genetic Variation, Plants, Plants: genetics

  • Follak, S., Essl, F., 2012.

    Spread dynamics and agricultural impact of Sorghum halepense , an emerging invasive species in Central Europe

    Weed Research online.

    Sorghum halepense is a serious weed and reservoir for pathogens of crops worldwide that has recently spread in Austria. On the basis of an exhaustive distribution data set (302 records), we analysed the spread dynamics and agricultural impact. The first record of S. halepense was recorded in 1871, but the species remained rare until 1970. After a moderate increase in records until 1990, it has recently expanded strongly (>70% of all records have been collected since 1990), in particular, in the lowlands of eastern and southern Austria. Invasion into fields was first documented in the 1970s, but again, since 1990, S. halepense has spread strongly and fields now account for 32% of all records. In southern Austria, we found that S. halepense invasion already puts approximately 41% of grain maize fields and 40% of oil-pumpkin fields at risk of yield losses. In cooler regions within Austria, S. halepense is still rarely recorded in fields. Sorghum halepense serves as a reservoir for the maize dwarf mosaic virus, as it was found in 38% of 21 samples collected in southern Austria. Invasion of S. halepense in fields was most likely assisted by frequent secondary dispersal and intensive maize and oil-pumpkin cultivation. Given the fast and on-going spread in fields, which is likely to continue under climate warming, our results provide evidence that S. halepense will cause serious impacts for agriculture in Austria and probably in other countries of Central Europe.

    Keywords: Johnsongrass, agriculture, alien species, maize dwarf mosaic virus, pathogens, range dynamics

  • Obermayer, W., Randlane, T., 2012.

    Morphological and chemical studies on Platismatia erosa (Parmeliaceae) from Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan

    The Bryologist 115(1) 51-60.

    The occurrence of Platismatia erosa in Tibet and adjacent regions is reported. The shape of (hitherto rarely found) apothecia and pycnospores (the latter observed for the first time) are illustrated and compared with those of European material of P. glauca. TLC analyses of P. erosa samples revealed two substances, hitherto unknown in Platismatia, namely pannaric acid and jackinic acid, the latter also found in fruiting material of Platismatia glauca from Europe. Two chemotypes of P. erosa are recognized: chemotype I with caperatic acid as main fatty acid, and chemotype II (found only once) with jackinic acid as main aliphatic substance.

    Keywords: Lichen, Platismatia glauca, chemotypes, conidia, taxonomy